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CLC number: TP311

On-line Access: 2015-12-07

Received: 2015-03-19

Revision Accepted: 2015-08-26

Crosschecked: 2015-11-11

Cited: 0

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Francisco Ortin


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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2015 Vol.16 No.12 P.995-1017


Generating native user interfaces for multiple devices by means of model transformation

Author(s):  Ignacio Marin, Francisco Ortin, German Pedrosa, Javier Rodriguez

Affiliation(s):  Department of Research and Development, CTIC Foundation, Gijon 33203, Spain; more

Corresponding email(s):   info@fundacionctic.org, ortin@uniovi.es

Key Words:  Model-to-model transformation, Native user interfaces, Model-based user interfaces, Model-driven engineering

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Ignacio Marin, Francisco Ortin, German Pedrosa, Javier Rodriguez. Generating native user interfaces for multiple devices by means of model transformation[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2015, 16(12): 995-1017.

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%A German Pedrosa
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A1 - Ignacio Marin
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A1 - German Pedrosa
A1 - Javier Rodriguez
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DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.1500083

In the last years, the types of devices used to access information systems have notably increased using different operating systems, screen sizes, interaction mechanisms, and software features. This device fragmentation is an important issue to tackle when developing native mobile service front-end applications. To address this issue, we propose the generation of native user interfaces (UIs) by means of model transformations, following the model-based user interface (MBUI) paradigm. The resulting MBUI framework, called LIZARD, generates applications for multiple target platforms. LIZARD allows the definition of applications at a high level of abstraction, and applies model transformations to generate the target native UI considering the specific features of target platforms. The generated applications follow the UI design guidelines and the architectural and design patterns specified by the corresponding operating system manufacturer. The objective is not to generate generic applications following the lowest-common-denominator approach, but to follow the particular guidelines specified for each target device. We present an example application modeled in LIZARD, generating different UIs for Windows Phone and two types of Android devices (smartphones and tablets).

The authors submitted an extensive paper on the generation of native user interfaces using an MDE approach. This study presents LIZARD, a model-based framework for generating user interfaces that are native to various operating systems of different platforms based on model trasformation, design guidelines that are specific to each platform/system, and design patterns that are applicable to this context. In particular, it introduces a variation of the Cameleron Reference Framework (CRF) in which model-based user interface design is structured into four layers. Instead of doing so, LIZARD introduces a platform-specific model that addresses the specific aspects of a platform running a particular operating system. A running example is demonstrated for three native user interfaces: a Windows Phone smartphone, an Android tablet, and an Android smartphone.


目的:近年来,使用不同操作系统、屏幕尺寸、交互机制和软件特征访问信息系统的终端种类不断增加。为此,本研究解决开发原生移动服务前端应用(front-end applications)过程中终端类型碎片化(fragmentation)问题。
结论:本文给出一个示例,使用LIZARD建模,可以分别生成用于Windows Phone、Android智能手机、Android平板等不同终端用户界面。评估结果显示,对于这三种应用,用户平均满意度全部超过7.7分(满分9分)。LIZARD原型、源代码及文中给出的应用示例,可从https://bitbucket.org/fundacionctic/lizard自由获取。


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