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Bio-Design and Manufacturing  2021 Vol.4 No.1 P.111-122

http://doi.org/10.1007/s42242-020-00088-2


Digital biofabrication to realize the potentials of plant roots for product design


Author(s):  Jiwei Zhou, Bahareh Barati, Jun Wu, Diana Scherer, Elvin Karana

Affiliation(s):  Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands; more

Corresponding email(s):   jiwei.zhou@tudelft.nl, b.barati@tudelft.nl, j.wu-1@tudelft.nl, Interwoven.scherer@gmail.com, e.karana@tudelft.nl

Key Words:  Plant roots, Biodesign, Digital biofabrication, Material-driven design, Living organisms


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Jiwei Zhou, Bahareh Barati, Jun Wu, Diana Scherer, Elvin Karana. Digital biofabrication to realize the potentials of plant roots for product design[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science D, 2021, 4(1): 111-122.

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Abstract: 
Technological and economic opportunities, alongside the apparent ecological benefits, point to biodesign as a new industrial paradigm for the fabrication of products in the twenty-first century. The presented work studies plant roots as a biodesign material in the fabrication of self-supported 3D structures, where the biologically and digitally designed materials provide each other with structural stability. Taking a material-driven design approach, we present our systematic tinkering activities with plant roots to better understand and anticipate their responsive behaviour. These helped us to identify the key design parameters and advance the unique potential of plant roots to bind discrete porous structures. We illustrate this binding potential of plant roots with a hybrid 3D object, for which plant roots connect 600 computationally designed, optimized, and fabricated bioplastic beads into a low stool.

代尔夫特理工大学Jiwei Zhou等 | 数字生物制造:实现植物根系在产品设计中的潜力

本研究论文聚焦以植物根系为材料的产品设计与生物制造。生物设计带来的技术、经济以及明显的生态效益,使其成为二十一世纪产品制造的新工业范式。本文介绍的工作研究了植物根系作为生物设计材料在自支撑3D结构制造中的运用。其中生物和数字设计的材料交互作用提供了结构稳定性。采用以材料驱动的设计方法,我们展示了系统化的植物根部修补活动,以更好地了解和预测它们的响应行为。这帮助我们确定了关键的设计参数,并推进了植物根系结合离散多孔结构的独特潜力。我们用混合3D对象说明了植物根系的这种结合潜力,对于该对象,植物根系将600个经过计算设计、优化和制造的生物塑料珠连接起来,并制造了一个矮凳。

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