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On-line Access: 2022-06-17

Received: 2021-08-26

Revision Accepted: 2022-01-05

Crosschecked: 2022-07-05

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Ruizhi LIAO

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7820-0120

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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2022 Vol.23 No.6 P.966-974

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.2100407


An evolutionary note on smart city development in China


Author(s):  Ruizhi LIAO, Liping CHEN

Affiliation(s):  School of Humanities and Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (Shenzhen), Shenzhen518172, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   rzliao@cuhk.edu.cn, lipingch@ie.ibm

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Ruizhi LIAO, Liping CHEN. An evolutionary note on smart city development in China[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2022, 23(6): 966-974.

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Abstract: 
Urbanization is an important indicator of a country’s degree of modernization. According to the World Urbanization Report by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations, more than 55% of the world’s population lives in cities, with this figure projected to rise to 70% by 2050 (United Nations, 2018). China’s urban population accounts for 60% of the national total in 2020, and is expected to reach a very ambitious rate, 80%, by 2050 (Deloitte, 2018).
More people living in cities means more contests over limited urban resources, such as water, housing, transportation, education, and health care. To cope with the challenges brought by the urbanization trend, David Bollier from the University of Southern California raised a new idea for city planning: a comprehensive network and applications of information techno-logies (Bollier, 1998).
IBM later echoed the idea and initiated its Smart Planet vision in 2008 (Palmisano, 2008). At that time, it was a brand new concept to empower and transform urban infrastructure, services, and management. Quickly afterwards, the smart city concept has been adopted by major cities throughout the world, and it has gradually evolved into a strategic choice by ambitious cities—aiming to compete for urban development, and to provide easy-to-use but efficient functionalities.
In this paper, we discuss the essence of a smart city, investigate three driving forces of smart city development in China, summarize the key features of smart cities in China and other countries, and raise four big challenges that deserve careful thoughts on building future smart cities.

中国智慧城市演进评述

廖睿智1,2,陈丽平3
1香港中文大学(深圳)人文社科学院,中国深圳市,518172
2深圳市物联网智能系统与无线网络技术重点实验室,中国深圳市,518172
3IBM企业与技术安全部,爱尔兰都柏林市
摘要:针对全球城市化带来的挑战,南加州大学的David Bollier提出将信息技术应用于城市规划的新理念。IBM响应了这一理念,于2008年启动"智慧地球"(Smart Planet)计划。此后,智慧城市概念迅速被全球各大城市采用,逐渐演变为先进城市的战略选择。本文通过回顾智慧城市概念的提出和探讨智慧城市的本质,来研究智慧城市发展和演进的趋势。具体而言,我们调查了中国智慧城市发展的关键驱动力,总结了中国与其他国家智慧城市的主要差异,讨论了建设未来智慧城市的4大重要挑战。

关键词:智慧城市;城市化;驱动力

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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