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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2004 Vol.5 No.12 P.1471-1503

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2004.1471


Perspectives on the metallic interconnects for solid oxide fuel cells


Author(s):  ZHU Wei-zhong, YAN Mi

Affiliation(s):  State Key Lab of Silicon Materials, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhuwzus@yahoo.com, mse_yanmi@dial.zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), Interconnects, Metallic materials


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ZHU Wei-zhong, YAN Mi. Perspectives on the metallic interconnects for solid oxide fuel cells[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2004, 5(12): 1471-1503.

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author="ZHU Wei-zhong, YAN Mi",
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pages="1471-1503",
year="2004",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.2004.1471"
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T1 - Perspectives on the metallic interconnects for solid oxide fuel cells
A1 - ZHU Wei-zhong
A1 - YAN Mi
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SP - 1471
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2004.1471


Abstract: 
The various stages and progress in the development of interconnect materials for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) over the last two decades are reviewed. The criteria for the application of materials as interconnects are highlighted. In-terconnects based on lanthanum chromite ceramics demonstrate many inherent drawbacks and therefore are only useful for SOFCs operating around 1000 °C. The advance in the research of anode-supported flat SOFCs facilitates the replacement of ceramic interconnects with metallic ones due to their significantly lowered working temperature. Besides, interconnects made of metals or alloys offer many advantages as compared to their ceramic counterpart. The oxidation response and thermal expansion behaviors of various prospective metallic interconnects are examined and evaluated. The minimization of contact resistance to achieve desired and reliable stack performance during their projected lifetime still remains a highly challenging issue with metallic interconnects. Inexpensive coating materials and techniques may play a key role in pro-moting the commercialization of SOFC stack whose interconnects are constructed of some current commercially available alloys. Alternatively, development of new metallic materials that are capable of forming stable oxide scales with sluggish growth rate and sufficient electrical conductivity is called for.

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