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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2006 Vol.7 No.8 P.1447-1452


Electrochemical study on semiconductive properties of the passive film on rebar in concrete

Author(s):  ZHANG Yun-lian, LI Qi-ling

Affiliation(s):  School of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310012, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   qinger0302@yahoo.com.cn

Key Words:  Mott-Schottky (M-S) Plot, Rebar electrode, Passive film, Simulated concrete pore solution, Mineral admixture

ZHANG Yun-lian, LI Qi-ling. Electrochemical study on semiconductive properties of the passive film on rebar in concrete[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2006, 7(8): 1447-1452.

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%A LI Qi-ling
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.A1447

T1 - Electrochemical study on semiconductive properties of the passive film on rebar in concrete
A1 - ZHANG Yun-lian
A1 - LI Qi-ling
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 7
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SP - 1447
EP - 1452
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2006
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.A1447

The electrochemical behavior of metallic passive film on rebar in concrete is characterized by its semiconductive nature. The charge distribution at the interface between a semiconductor and an electrolyte is often determined by measuring the capacitance of the space-charge layer (CSC) as a function of the electrode potential (E). When the space charge-layer serves as the depletion layer, the relation of Csc-2 vs E resembles a Mott-Schottky plot (M-S plot). The semiconductive properties of the passive film on rebar in concrete were analyzed with M-S plots to study the effect of chloride ions and mineral admixtures on rebar passive films. Some rebar electrodes were immersed in simulated concrete pore solutions, while others were embedded in concrete with/without mineral admixtures. In saturated Ca(OH)2 solutions, the relation of Csc-2-E of rebar electrodes shows linear Mott-Schottky relationship indicating that the passive film on rebar is a highly disordered n-type semiconductor, with donor density (ND) in the order of 1026 m−3. After adding chloride ions (Cl wt%<0.2%) in system solutions, the M-S plot slopes significantly decreased and ND increased, suggesting that chloride ion will cause passive film corrosion and breakdown. The M-S plots of the passive film on rebar electrodes embedded in concrete were similar to those immersed in simulated system solution. However, ND of those in concrete with mineral admixtures tended to be a little smaller, indicating that introducing proper quantity admixtures into concrete could make the rebar passive film have a thicker space-charge layer and therefore a thicker passive film layer.

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