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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2008 Vol.9 No.5 P.371-377

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B0720268


Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)


Author(s):  Muharrem KAYA, Gamze KAYA, Mehmet Demir KAYA, Mehmet ATAK, Sevil SAGLAM, Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR, Cemalettin Yasar CIFTCI

Affiliation(s):  Department of Field Crops, Faculty of Agriculture, Suleyman Demirel University, 32260 Isparta, Turkey; more

Corresponding email(s):   kmkhawar@gmail.com

Key Words:  Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), NaCl stress, Cultivar, Seed size, Germination


Muharrem KAYA, Gamze KAYA, Mehmet Demir KAYA, Mehmet ATAK, Sevil SAGLAM, Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR, Cemalettin Yasar CIFTCI. Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2008, 9(5): 371-377.

@article{title="Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)",
author="Muharrem KAYA, Gamze KAYA, Mehmet Demir KAYA, Mehmet ATAK, Sevil SAGLAM, Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR, Cemalettin Yasar CIFTCI",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="9",
number="5",
pages="371-377",
year="2008",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B0720268"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
%A Muharrem KAYA
%A Gamze KAYA
%A Mehmet Demir KAYA
%A Mehmet ATAK
%A Sevil SAGLAM
%A Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR
%A Cemalettin Yasar CIFTCI
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 9
%N 5
%P 371-377
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0720268

TY - JOUR
T1 - Interaction between seed size and NaCl on germination and early seedling growth of some Turkish cultivars of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
A1 - Muharrem KAYA
A1 - Gamze KAYA
A1 - Mehmet Demir KAYA
A1 - Mehmet ATAK
A1 - Sevil SAGLAM
A1 - Khalid Mahmood KHAWAR
A1 - Cemalettin Yasar CIFTCI
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 9
IS - 5
SP - 371
EP - 377
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0720268


Abstract: 
Chickpea is an important food legume crop of Turkey and is largely grown for human consumption on low moisture or salt-affected soils. The objective of the study was to find the effects of naCl stress at electrical conductivities of 4.5, 8.6, 12.7 and 16.3 dS/m and seed sizes (7, 8 and 9 mm) on germination and early seedling growth of three popular chickpea cultivars (AKN-97, Gokce and Uzunlu-99). Mean frequency of germination, germination time, germination index, root length, shoot length and seedling fresh weight showed seed size-dependent responses of cultivars to salt stress. In general, small seeds germinated and grew more rapidly compared to medium and large seeds of the same cultivars against all levels of salt stress, with the best results in cultivar Uzunlu-99. No effect of NaCl treatments was observed on frequency of germination; however, a drastic decrease in early seedling growth was recorded at increased NaCl concentrations. Regression analysis results showed a significantly positive relationship (P<0.01) between seed size and mean germination time, whereas a significantly negative relationship was recorded between seed size and germination index, root length, shoot length. Moreover, linear regression values apparently confirmed that increased seed size in each cultivar affected decreased germination index, root and shoot lengths with enhanced mean germination time. Thus, it was concluded that the use of small seeds could considerably reduce the production costs of chickpea in salt-affected soils.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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