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Received: 2009-07-29

Revision Accepted: 2009-10-09

Crosschecked: 2009-11-06

Cited: 19

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.12 P.890-901


Bacterial and archaeal communities in the surface sediment from the northern slope of the South China Sea

Author(s):  Li LIAO, Xue-wei XU, Chun-sheng WANG, Dong-sheng ZHANG, Min WU

Affiliation(s):  College of Life Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   xuxw@sio.org.cn, wumin@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  16S rRNA, Library, Diversity, South China Sea

Li LIAO, Xue-wei XU, Chun-sheng WANG, Dong-sheng ZHANG, Min WU. Bacterial and archaeal communities in the surface sediment from the northern slope of the South China Sea[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(12): 890-901.

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T1 - Bacterial and archaeal communities in the surface sediment from the northern slope of the South China Sea
A1 - Li LIAO
A1 - Xue-wei XU
A1 - Chun-sheng WANG
A1 - Dong-sheng ZHANG
A1 - Min WU
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0920181

Microbial diversity of sediments from the northern slope of the south China Sea was studied by constructing bacterial and archaeal 16S rRNA gene clone libraries. Fourteen bacterial phylogenetic groups were detected, including Gammaproteobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, Planctomycetes, Alphaproteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi, Acidobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, Nitrospirae, candidate divisions OP8 and OP11, and an unknown group. Gammaproteobacteria was the predominant group in bacterial libraries with the percentage ranging from 31.8% to 63.2%. However, archaeal libraries had relatively lower diversity, with most clones belonging to marine archaeal group І uncultured Crenarchaeota. In addition, two novel euryarchaeal clones were detected not to match any culture-dependent or -independent isolates. Compared with other gas hydrate-rich ecosystems and different areas of the south China Sea, a distinct microbial community was revealed in this study.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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