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On-line Access: 2016-07-06

Received: 2015-09-03

Revision Accepted: 2016-02-14

Crosschecked: 2016-06-18

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Yong Wang


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2016 Vol.17 No.7 P.515-525


Thyroid dysfunction, either hyper or hypothyroidism, promotes gallstone formation by different mechanisms

Author(s):  Yong Wang, Xing Yu, Qun-zi Zhao, Shu Zheng, Wen-jie Qing, Chun-di Miao, Jaiswal Sanjay

Affiliation(s):  Department of Thyroid Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310009, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zqz0167@gmail.com, zhengshu@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Cholesterol gallstone, C57BL/6 mice, Hepatic lithogenic genes

Yong Wang, Xing Yu, Qun-zi Zhao, Shu Zheng, Wen-jie Qing, Chun-di Miao, Jaiswal Sanjay. Thyroid dysfunction, either hyper or hypothyroidism, promotes gallstone formation by different mechanisms[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2016, 17(7): 515-525.

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author="Yong Wang, Xing Yu, Qun-zi Zhao, Shu Zheng, Wen-jie Qing, Chun-di Miao, Jaiswal Sanjay",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Thyroid dysfunction, either hyper or hypothyroidism, promotes gallstone formation by different mechanisms
%A Yong Wang
%A Xing Yu
%A Qun-zi Zhao
%A Shu Zheng
%A Wen-jie Qing
%A Chun-di Miao
%A Jaiswal Sanjay
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 17
%N 7
%P 515-525
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2016
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1500210

T1 - Thyroid dysfunction, either hyper or hypothyroidism, promotes gallstone formation by different mechanisms
A1 - Yong Wang
A1 - Xing Yu
A1 - Qun-zi Zhao
A1 - Shu Zheng
A1 - Wen-jie Qing
A1 - Chun-di Miao
A1 - Jaiswal Sanjay
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 17
IS - 7
SP - 515
EP - 525
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2016
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1500210

We have investigated comprehensively the effects of thyroid function on gallstone formation in a mouse model. Gonadectomized gallstone-susceptible male c57BL/6 mice were randomly distributed into three groups each of which received an intervention to induce hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism, or euthyroidism. After 5 weeks of feeding a lithogenic diet of 15% (w/w) butter fat, 1% (w/w) cholesterol, and 0.5% (w/w) cholic acid, mice were killed for further experiments. The incidence of cholesterol monohydrate crystal formation was 100% in mice with hyperthyroidism, 83% in hypothyroidism, and 33% in euthyroidism, the differences being statistically significant. Among the hepatic lithogenic genes, Trβ was found to be up-regulated and Rxr down-regulated in the mice with hypothyroidism. In contrast, Lxrα, Rxr, and Cyp7α1 were up-regulated and Fxr down-regulated in the mice with hyperthyroidism. In conclusion, thyroid dysfunction, either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, promotes the formation of cholesterol gallstones in c57BL/6 mice. Gene expression differences suggest that thyroid hormone disturbance leads to gallstone formation in different ways. hyperthyroidism induces cholesterol gallstone formation by regulating expression of the hepatic nuclear receptor genes such as Lxrα and Rxr, which are significant in cholesterol metabolism pathways. However, hypothyroidism induces cholesterol gallstone formation by promoting cholesterol biosynthesis.




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