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On-line Access: 2023-01-11

Received: 2022-05-24

Revision Accepted: 2022-09-14

Crosschecked: 2023-01-13

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Shuai SHAO

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5076-3477

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A

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Investigations on lubrication characteristics of high-speed electric multiple unit gearbox by oil volume adjusting device


Author(s):  Shuai SHAO, Kai-lin ZHANG, Yuan YAO, Yi LIU, Jun GU

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China; more

Corresponding email(s):  zhangkailin@swjtu.cn

Key Words:  High-speed electric multiple unit (EMU); Splash lubrication; Mesh-free moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method; Bearing lubrication; Churning power loss; Oil volume adjusting device


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Shuai SHAO, Kai-lin ZHANG, Yuan YAO, Yi LIU, Jun GU. Investigations on lubrication characteristics of high-speed electric multiple unit gearbox by oil volume adjusting device[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2022, 23(5): 1013-1026.

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author="Shuai SHAO, Kai-lin ZHANG, Yuan YAO, Yi LIU, Jun GU",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="23",
number="12",
pages="1013-1026",
year="2022",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.A2200274"
}

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%D 2022
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Abstract: 
In this paper, a numerical simulation model of the flow field in a gearbox with an oil volume adjusting device is established for the first time to study its influence on the lubrication characteristics of a high-speed electric multiple unit (EMU) gearbox. The moving particle semi-implicit (MPS) method is used to numerically simulate the internal flow field of the gearbox of the high-speed EMU under working conditions. The effects of the velocity of the high-speed EMU, the immersion depth, and the oil sump temperature on the power loss of the gears and the lubricant quantity of each bearing are studied and provide an effective tool for the quantitative evaluation of the lubrication characteristics of the gearbox. The lubrication characteristics of the gearbox under different working conditions are studied when the oil volume adjusting device is closed and opened. The results show that the oil volume adjusting device mainly changes the amount of lubricant stirred by the output gear by changing the flow rate of lubricant from the cavity pinion (Cavity P) to the cavity gear (Cavity G), and thus affects the power loss of gears and the lubricant quantity of each bearing.

通过油量调节装置研究高速动车组齿轮箱的润滑特性

作者:邵帅1,张开林1,姚远1,刘逸1,顾俊2
机构:1西南交通大学,牵引动力国家重点实验室,中国成都,610031;2苏州舜云工程软件有限责任公司,中国苏州,215100
目的:油量调节装置作为高速动车组齿轮箱的一个重要零部件,可实现不同油温环境下自动调节从动齿轮搅油的油位。本文旨在探讨油量调节装置在不同工作状态下对齿轮功率损失和各轴承润滑油量的影响,为定量评估齿轮箱润滑特性提供有效依据。
创新点:1.建立实际工况下高速动车组齿轮箱的高保真三维模型,并探讨油量调节装置的不同工作状态对齿轮箱润滑特性的影响;2.在齿轮箱各轴承位置设置监测环,并从各轴承的润滑油油量和覆盖率的角度分析轴承润滑特性。
方法:1.应用移动粒子半隐式(MPS)方法,对比分析油量调节装置的不同工作状态对齿轮箱润滑特性的影响;2.通过与德国齿轮研究中心(FZG)的试验结果进行对比,验证数值仿真方法的准确性和适用性;3.通过数值仿真,分析不同转速、不同浸油深度、不同油温等实际工况下的齿轮箱搅油功率损失和各轴承的润滑油油量。
结论:1. MPS方法非常适用于分析复杂结构的齿轮箱的润滑特性;2.齿轮功率损失和各轴承润滑油油量与齿轮转速、浸油深度和润滑油油温呈正相关;3.油量调节装置主要通过减少输出齿轮搅拌的润滑油油量来减少齿轮的功率损失和参与轴承润滑的润滑油油量。

关键词组:高速动车组;飞溅润滑;无网格移动粒子半隐式法;轴承润滑;搅油功率损失;油量调节装置

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