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On-line Access: 2023-06-12

Received: 2022-06-07

Revision Accepted: 2022-11-25

Crosschecked: 2023-06-12

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Yangyang YAN

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1482-7765

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A

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Effect of additional cylinders on power-extraction performance of a Savonius vertical-axis wind turbine


Author(s):  Yangyang YAN, Jintao ZHANG, Junao SHE, Wenhao LIU, Jianghong DENG, Jianyang ZHU

Affiliation(s):  Institute of Robotics and Intelligent Systems, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430081, China; more

Corresponding email(s):  dengjianghong@wust.edu.cn, zhujy@wust.edu.cn

Key Words:  Additional cylinders; Taguchi experimental method; Savonius vertical-axis wind turbine (S-VAWT); Average power coefficient; Wind-induced rotation


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Yangyang YAN, Jintao ZHANG, Junao SHE, Wenhao LIU, Jianghong DENG, Jianyang ZHU. Effect of additional cylinders on power-extraction performance of a Savonius vertical-axis wind turbine[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A,in press.Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering,in press.https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A2200292

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Abstract: 
To improve the power-extraction performance of the Savonius vertical-axis wind turbine (S-VAWT), additional cylinders, which are used to control the fluid flow around the wind turbine blade, were introduced into the blade design. In contrast to the traditional numerical method, a mathematical model in the form of a dynamical system was used in this study. A numerical calculation program that could effectively solve the equations of wind-induced rotation of S-VAWT was developed, and combined with the Taguchi experimental method to investigate the influence of additional cylinders on the power-extraction characteristics of the S-VAWT. The results showed that the additional cylinders have a significant impact on the power-extraction performance of the S-VAWT. At 4-m/s wind speed, the average power coefficient of the S-VAWT with additional cylinders is 15% higher than that of the conventional S-VAWT. After construction of the wind turbine prototype and power-extraction tests, the results showed that compared with a conventional S-VAWT, the output power was 29% higher for the S-VAWT with additional cylinders under the same particular conditions.

附加圆柱对Savonius型垂直轴风力机捕能性能的影响

作者:闫阳阳1,张锦涛1,佘君傲1,刘文昊1,邓江洪2,朱建阳1
机构:1武汉科技大学,机器人与智能系统研究所,中国武汉,430081;2武汉科技大学,冶金设备与控制技术教育部重点实验室,中国武汉,430081
目的:Savonius型垂直轴风力机具有较好的自启动性能和较低的制造成本。然而,较低的风能利用效率制约其进一步发展。因此,本文将附加圆柱引入风力机叶片设计中,利用附加圆柱产生的涡流来控制风力机叶片周围的流体流动,以提高Savonius风力机的捕能效率。
创新点:1.将附加圆柱引入Savonius风力机的叶片设计中,提高传统Savonius风力机的捕能效率;2.构建一种动力学形式的数学模型,用于有效求解风致Savonius风力机的转动过程。
方法:1.通过理论推导,构建一种动力学形式的数学模型,用于有效求解风致Savonius风力机的转动过程(公式(S3));2.通过田口实验优化,研究附加圆柱Savonius风力机的3个特征参数对其捕能性能的影响,得到各因素的影响权重排序(图4);3.通过仿真模拟,找到附加圆柱Savonius风力机捕能效率提高的主要原因(图7和8);4.通过实验设计,证明附加圆柱对提升Savonius风力机捕能效率的积极影响,同时也验证数值模型的正确性(图10)。
结论:1.附加圆柱可有效改善Savonius风力机的气动性能;当α=45°,D=10mm,r=20mm时,与常规Savonius风力机相比,附加圆柱的Savonius风力机的平均转矩系数和平均功率系数分别提高了7%和15%。2.附加圆柱Savonius风力机的3个特征参数对平均功率系数的影响排序为D>α>r。3.附加圆柱Savonius风力机捕能效率更高的主要原因是附加圆柱加快了返回叶片凹面上涡流的脱落速度,进而导致叶片两侧产生较大的压力差。4.实验结果表明,附加圆柱Savonius风力机的输出功率比传统Savonius风力机提高了29%,与仿真结果一致。

关键词组:附加圆柱;田口实验方法;Savonius型垂直轴风力机;平均功率系数;风致转动

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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