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Received: 2018-09-18

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Bio-Design and Manufacturing  2018 Vol.1 No.4 P.225-236

http://doi.org/10.1007/s42242-018-0025-y


Recent progress on the design and fabrication of micromotors and their biomedical applications


Author(s):  Wensen Jiang, Liang Ma, Xiaobin Xu

Affiliation(s):  School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   xiaobinxu@tongji.edu.cn

Key Words:  Micromotor, Nanomotor, Electric tweezers, Drug delivery, Nanorobot, Micromachine


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Wensen Jiang, Liang Ma, Xiaobin Xu. Recent progress on the design and fabrication of micromotors and their biomedical applications[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science D, 2018, 1(4): 225-236.

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Abstract: 
The advancement in the micro-/nanofabrication techniques has greatly facilitated the development of micromotors. A variety of micromotors have been invented with powerful functions, which have attracted a broad range of interests from chemistry, physics, mechanics, biology and medicine. In this paper, we reviewed recent progress in micromotors and highlighted representative works. The mechanisms of micromotors by internal and external energy sources were described. We described general fabrication strategies of the popular micromotors (wire, tubular, helical and Janus) including bottom-up and top-down approaches. In the application section, we primarily focused on the biological applications, such as biological cargo delivery, biosensing and surgery. At last, we discussed the current challenges and provided future prospects.

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