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CLC number: TN928

On-line Access: 2021-04-15

Received: 2020-09-17

Revision Accepted: 2021-01-06

Crosschecked: 2021-03-02

Cited: 0

Clicked: 2212

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Wei Fan

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9835-4485

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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2021 Vol.22 No.4 P.548-559

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.2000484


Spatial fading channel emulation for over-the-air testing of millimeter-wave radios: concepts and experimental validations


Author(s):  Wei Fan, Lassi Hentilä, Pekka Kyösti

Affiliation(s):  Antenna Propagation and Millimeter-wave Systems (APMS) Section, Department of Electronic Systems, Aalborg University, Aalborg 9220, Denmark; more

Corresponding email(s):   wfa@es.aau.dk

Key Words:  Spatial channel model, Over-the-air (OTA) testing, Wireless cable method, Multi-probe anechoic chamber (MPAC) method, FR2 validation


Wei Fan, Lassi Hentilä, Pekka Kyösti. Spatial fading channel emulation for over-the-air testing of millimeter-wave radios: concepts and experimental validations[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2021, 22(4): 548-559.

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Abstract: 
Millimeter-wave (mmWave) communication is regarded as the key enabling component for fifth-generation (5G) cellular systems due to the large available spectrum bandwidth. To make mmWave new radio (NR) a reality, tremendous efforts have been exerted from the industry and academia. Performance evaluation of mmWave NR is a mandatory step and the key to ensuring the success of mmWave 5G deployment. Over-the-air (OTA) radiated method of testing mmWave NR in laboratory conditions is highly attractive, since it facilitates virtual field testing of mmWave devices in realistic propagation conditions. In this paper, we first discuss the need for and challenges in OTA measurement of mmWave 5G NR under fading channel conditions. After that, two promising candidate solutions, i.e., wireless cable and multi-probe anechoic chamber (MPAC), are detailed. Their principles, applicability for mmWave NR, and main challenges are discussed. Furthermore, preliminary experimental validation results in a frequency range 2 anechoic chamber are demonstrated for the wireless cable and MPAC methods at 28 GHz.

用于毫米波性能空口测试的空间衰落信道重现技术:概念和实验验证

范伟1,Lassi HENTIL?2,Pekka KY?STI2,3
1奥尔堡大学电子系统系天线传播和毫米波系统实验室,丹麦奥尔堡,9220
2是德科技,芬兰奥卢,90014
3奥卢大学无线通信中心,芬兰奥卢,90014
摘要:拥有大量可用频谱资源的毫米波(mmWave)频段使得毫米波通信被视为第五代(5G)蜂窝系统的关键使能技术。为使毫米波新无线电(NR)成为现实,工业界和学术界做出了巨大努力。毫米波NR的性能评估和测试是确保毫米波5G NR部署成功的关键和必不可少的步骤。极具吸引力和应用前景的毫米波空口(OTA)辐射测试方法是在实验室条件下模拟实际的传播条件对毫米波设备进行虚拟现场测试。本文首先讨论了在衰落信道条件下毫米波5G NR空口测量的需求和挑战。之后,详细介绍了两种有前景的候选测试解决方案,即无线线缆和多探头电波暗室(MPAC),其中包括这两种方案的原理、对毫米波NR的适用性以及主要挑战。最后展示了这两种测试方案在28 GHz频段下初步的实验验证结果。

关键词:空间信道模型;空口测试;无线线缆;多探头电波暗室;FR2验证

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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