Full Text:   <404>

CLC number: 

On-line Access: 2022-02-15

Received: 2021-12-06

Revision Accepted: 2022-01-11

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 0

Clicked: 354

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C 1998 Vol.-1 No.-1 P.


Phase synchronization and energy balance between neurons

Author(s):  Ying XIE, Zhao YAO, Jun MA

Affiliation(s):  Department of Physics, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   hyperchaos@lut.edu.cn, hyperchaos@163.com

Key Words:  Hamilton energy, Coupling synchronization, Synapse enhancement, Neural circuit

Ying XIE, Zhao YAO, Jun MA. Phase synchronization and energy balance between neurons[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 1998, -1(-1): .

@article{title="Phase synchronization and energy balance between neurons",
author="Ying XIE, Zhao YAO, Jun MA",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Phase synchronization and energy balance between neurons
%A Ying XIE
%A Zhao YAO
%A Jun MA
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C
%V -1
%N -1
%@ 2095-9184
%D 1998
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.2100563

T1 - Phase synchronization and energy balance between neurons
A1 - Ying XIE
A1 - Zhao YAO
A1 - Jun MA
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science C
VL - -1
IS - -1
SP -
EP -
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 1998
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.2100563

A functional neuron has been developed from a simple neural circuit by incorporating a phototube and a thermistor in different branch circuits. The physical field energy is controlled by the photocurrent across the phototube and the channel current across the thermistor. The firing mode of this neuron is controlled synchronously by external temperature and illumination. There is energy diversity when two functional neurons are exposed to different illumination and temperature conditions. As a result, synapse connections can be activated and awakened in an adaptive way when field energy is exchanged between neurons. We propose two kinds of criteria to discuss the enhancement of synapse connections to neurons. The diversity of energy between neurons determines the increase of the coupling intensity and synaptic current for neurons, and the realization of synchronization is helpful to maintain energy balance between neurons. The first criterion is similar to the saturation gain scheme in that the coupling intensity is increased with a constant step within a certain period until it reaches energy balance or complete synchronization. The second criterion is that the coupling intensity increases exponentially before reaching energy balance. When two neurons become non-identical, phase synchronization can be controlled during the activation of synapse connections to neurons. For two identical neurons, the second criterion for taming synaptic intensity is effective for reaching complete synchronization and energy balance, even in the presence of noise. This indicates that a synapse connection may prefer to enhance its synaptic intensity exponentially. These results are helpful to discover why synapses awaken and synaptic current becomes time-varying when any neurons are excited by external stimuli. The potential biophysical mechanism is that energy balance is broken and then synapse connections are activated to maintain an adaptive energy balance between the neurons. These results provide guidance for designing and training intelligent neural networks by taming the coupling channels with gradient energy distribution.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE