Full Text:   <3185>

CLC number: X5

On-line Access: 

Received: 2004-12-04

Revision Accepted: 2005-03-29

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 21

Clicked: 6522

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2005 Vol.6 No.8 P.731-735


Magnetic properties and heavy metal contents of automobile emission particulates

Author(s):  LU Sheng-gao, BAI Shi-qiang, CAI Jing-bo, XU Chuang

Affiliation(s):  School of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China

Corresponding email(s):   lusg@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Automobile emission particulates, Magnetic properties, Heavy metal, Environmental magnetism

LU Sheng-gao, BAI Shi-qiang, CAI Jing-bo, XU Chuang. Magnetic properties and heavy metal contents of automobile emission particulates[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2005, 6(8): 731-735.

@article{title="Magnetic properties and heavy metal contents of automobile emission particulates",
author="LU Sheng-gao, BAI Shi-qiang, CAI Jing-bo, XU Chuang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Magnetic properties and heavy metal contents of automobile emission particulates
%A LU Sheng-gao
%A BAI Shi-qiang
%A CAI Jing-bo
%A XU Chuang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 6
%N 8
%P 731-735
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2005
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0731

T1 - Magnetic properties and heavy metal contents of automobile emission particulates
A1 - LU Sheng-gao
A1 - BAI Shi-qiang
A1 - CAI Jing-bo
A1 - XU Chuang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 6
IS - 8
SP - 731
EP - 735
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2005
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2005.B0731

Measurements of the magnetic properties and total contents of Cu, Cd, Pb and Fe in 30 automobile emission particulate samples indicated the presence of magnetic particles in them. The values of frequency dependent susceptibility (χfd) showed the absence of superparamagnetic (SP) grains in the samples. The IRM20 mT (isothermal remanent magnetization at 20 mT) being linearly proportional to SIRM (saturation isothermal remanent magnetization) (R2=0.901), suggested that ferrimagnetic minerals were responsible for the magnetic properties of automobile emission particulates. The average contents of Cu, Cd, Pb and Fe in automobile emission particulates were 95.83, 22.14, 30.58 and 34727.31 mg/kg, respectively. Significant positive correlations exist between the magnetic parameters and the contents of Pb, Cu and Fe. The magnetic parameters of automobile emission particulates reflecting concentration of magnetic particles increased linearly with increase of Pb and Cu content, showed that the magnetic measurement could be used as a preliminary index for detection of Pb and Cu pollution.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Chan, L.S., Ng, S.L., Davis, A.M., Yim, W.W.S., Yeung, C.H., 2001. Magnetic properties and heavy-metal contents of contaminated seabed sediments of Penny’s Bay, Hong Kong. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42:569-583.

[2] Chen, T.B., Wong, J.W.C., Zhou, H.Y., Wong, H.Y., 1997. Assessment of trace metal distribution and contamination in surface soils of Hong Kong. Environmental Pollution, 96:61-68.

[3] Dunlop, D.J., Ozdemir, O., 1997. Rock Magnetism: Fundamentals and Frontiers. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[4] Hanesch, M., Scholger, R., Rey, D., 2003. Mapping dust distribution around an industrial site by measuring magnetic parameters of tree leaves. Atmospheric Environment, 37:5125-5133.

[5] Hoffmann, V., Knab, M., Appel, E., 1999. Magnetic susceptibility mapping of roadside pollution. J. Geochemical Exploration, 66:313-326.

[6] Hunt, A., Jones, J., Oldfeild, F., 1984. Magnetic measurement and heavy metal in atmospheric particulates on anthropogenic origin. The Science of the Total Environment, 33:129-139.

[7] Imperato, M., Adamo, P., Naimo, D., Arienzo, M., Stanzione, D., Violante, P., 2003. Spatial distribution of heavy metals in urban soils of Naples city (Italy). Environmental Pollution, 124:247-256.

[8] Kapicka, A., Jordanova, N., Petrovsky, E., Podrazsky, X., 2003. Magnetic study of weakly contaminated forest soils. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 148:31-44.

[9] Lecoanet, H., Leveque, F., Ambrosi, J.P., 2003. Combination of magnetic parameters: An efficient way to discriminate soil-contamination sources (south France). Environmental Pollution, 122:229-234.

[10] Lu, S.G., 2003. Chinese Soil Magnetism and Environment. Higher Education Press, Beijing, China (in Chinese).

[11] Matzka, J., Maher, A., 1999. Magnetic biomonitoring of roadside tree leaves: Identification of spatial and temporal variations in vehicle-derived particles. Atmospheric Environment, 33:4565-4569.

[12] Moreno, E., Sagnotti, L., Dinares-Turell, J., Legzdins, A.E., Cascella, A., 2003. Biomonitoring of traffic air pollution in Rome using magnetic properties of tree leaves. Atmospheric Environment, 37:2967-2977.

[13] Morris, W.A., Versteeg, J.K., Bryant, D.W., Legzdins, A.E., McCarry, B.E., Marvin, C.H., 1995. Preliminary comparisons between mutagenicity and magnetic susceptibility of respirable airborne particle. Atmospheric Environment, 29:3441-3450.

[14] Petrovsky, E., Kapicka, A., Zapletal, K., Sebestova, E., Spanila, T., Dekkers, M.J., Rochette, P., 1998. Correlation between magnetic parameters and chemical composition of lake sediments from northern Bohemia−preliminary study. Phys. Chem. Earth, 23:1123-1126.

[15] Petrovsky, E., Kapicka, A., Jordanova, N., Knab, M., Hoffmann, V., 2000. Low-field magnetic susceptibility: A proxy method of estimating increased pollution of different environment systems. Environmental Geology, 39:312-318.

[16] Shu, J., Dearing, J.A., Morse, A.P., Yu, L.Z., Yuan, N., 2001. Determining the sources of atmospheric particles in Shanghai, China, from magnetic and geochemical properties. Atmospheric Environment, 35:2615-2625.

[17] Thompson, R., Oldfield, F., 1986. Environmental Magnetism. George Allen & Unwin, London.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE