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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2008 Vol.9 No.11 P.1601-1613


CFD simulation with enhancement factor of sulfur dioxide absorption in the spray scrubber

Author(s):  Xiang GAO, Wang HUO, Zhong-yang LUO, Ke-fa CEN

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Clean Energy Utilization, Institute for Thermal Power Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   xgao@cmee.zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  SO2 absorption, Limestone dissolution, Enhancement factor, Mass transfer, Concentration profile

Xiang GAO, Wang HUO, Zhong-yang LUO, Ke-fa CEN. CFD simulation with enhancement factor of sulfur dioxide absorption in the spray scrubber[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2008, 9(11): 1601-1613.

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%T CFD simulation with enhancement factor of sulfur dioxide absorption in the spray scrubber
%A Xiang GAO
%A Wang HUO
%A Zhong-yang LUO
%A Ke-fa CEN
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A0820507

T1 - CFD simulation with enhancement factor of sulfur dioxide absorption in the spray scrubber
A1 - Xiang GAO
A1 - Wang HUO
A1 - Zhong-yang LUO
A1 - Ke-fa CEN
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 9
IS - 11
SP - 1601
EP - 1613
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A0820507

A model describing the absorption process of SO2 into limestone slurry with a spray scrubber is presented. Both the physical performance of the spray liquid in the scrubber and the involved chemical reactions are analyzed in the model. A continuous concentration change of H+ was solved by iterative coupling using Matlab, and it was found that there was a remarkable influence on the concentration of the other elements in the process of SO2 absorption. The calculations show that the enhancement factor exponentially grows with an increasing value of pH and logarithmically decays with an increasing value of the driving force. To verify the accuracy of the model, experiments were also carried out, and the results suggest that the model, after combining the physical performance of the spray and the enhancement factor, can more precisely describe SO2 absorption in a spray scrubber. Furthermore, a commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tool is used to perform several simulations which describe and clarify the effects of variables on SO2 absorption. The results of numerical simulation can provide a basis for further design and optimization of the scrubber.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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