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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2008 Vol.9 No.3 P.227-231


Groundwater protection: What can we learn from Germany?

Author(s):  Yan ZHU, Klaus-Dieter BALKE

Affiliation(s):  Institute for Geosciences, University of Tü more

Corresponding email(s):   Yan.zhu@uni-tuebingen.de

Key Words:  Drinking water security, Germany, Groundwater protection zone, Water protection

Yan ZHU, Klaus-Dieter BALKE. Groundwater protection: What can we learn from Germany?[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2008, 9(3): 227-231.

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T1 - Groundwater protection: What can we learn from Germany?
A1 - Yan ZHU
A1 - Klaus-Dieter BALKE
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0710639

For drinking water security the German waterworks proceed on a comprehensive concept, i.e., the protection of all the regions from the recharge area to the client. It includes the protection of the recharge area by a precautionary management, a safe water treatment, a strict maintenance of the water distribution network, continuous control and an intensive training of staff. water protection zone%29&ck%5B%5D=abstract&ck%5B%5D=keyword'>groundwater protection zones together with effective regulations and control play a very important role. Three protection zones with different restrictions in land-use are distinguished. Water in reservoirs and lakes is also protected by Surface water protection Zones. Within the surrounding area the land-use is controlled, too. Special treatment is necessary if acidification happens caused by acid rain, or eutrophication caused by the inflow of sewage. Very important is the collaboration between waterworks and the farmers cultivating land in the recharge area in order to execute water-protecting ecological farming with the aim to reduce the application of fertilizers and plant protection agents. Probable financial losses have to be compensated by the waterworks.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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[2] Balke, K.D., Griebler, C., 2003. Groundwater Use and Groundwater Protection. In: Griebler, C., Mösslacher, F. (Eds.), Groundwater Ecology. ISBN 3-8252-2111-3, Facultas UTB, Wien, p.495 (in German).

[3] Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y., 2003. Sources of Water Pollution. In: Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y. (Eds.), Water and Development. ISBN 7-116-03831-0/X·17, Geology Press, Beijing, p.3-9.

[4] Balke, K.D., Beims, U., Heers, F.W., Hoelting, B., Homrighausen, R., Matthess, G., 2000. Groundwater Development. Berlin-Stuttgart, p.740 (in German).

[5] Deng, W., Bai, J.H., Yan, M.H., 2002. Problems and countermeasures of water resources for sustainable utilization in China. Chinese Geographical Science, 12(4):289-293.

[6] Geological Survey of Baden-Wüerttemberg, 1991. Information, H. 2, Hydrogeological Rules for Water Protection Zones in Baden-Wüerttemberg. Freiburg (in German).

[7] Prinz, D., Malik, A.H., 2003. Water and Development: A Global Prespective. In: Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y. (Eds.), Water and Development. ISBN 7-116-03831-0/X 17, Geology Press, Beijing, p.93-99.

[8] Schmidt, H., Balke, K.D., 1980. Possibilities for artificial groundwater recharge and storage in Germany. Z. Dt. Geol. Ges., 131:93-109 (in German).

[9] Schmidt, H., Balke, K.D., 1985. Standards and Laws of Artificial Groundwater Recharge in Germany. Environmental Office, UBA-FB 80-179, Berlin (in German).

[10] Zhang, K., Wen, Z., Xhang, X., 2001. China’s water environment at the beginning of the 21st century: Challenges and countermeasures. Water Science and Technology, 46(11-12):245-251.

[11] Zhu, Y., Balke, K.D., Barth, J., Grathwohl, P., Blum, P., 2007. Groundwater as Emergent Drinking Water Sources for Potential Nuclear Accidents. Poster for GQ2007, 6. Intern. IAHS Groundwater Quality Conference, Fremantle, Australia.

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