Full Text:   <3624>

CLC number: X52

On-line Access: 

Received: 2007-12-24

Revision Accepted: 2008-01-17

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 5

Clicked: 6428

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2008 Vol.9 No.3 P.221-226


Natural water purification and water management by artificial groundwater recharge

Author(s):  Klaus-Dieter BALKE, Yan ZHU

Affiliation(s):  Institute for Geosciences, University of Tü more

Corresponding email(s):   klaus-dieter.balke@uni-tuebingen.de

Key Words:  Artificial groundwater recharge, Natural attenuation, Water management

Klaus-Dieter BALKE, Yan ZHU. Natural water purification and water management by artificial groundwater recharge[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2008, 9(3): 221-226.

@article{title="Natural water purification and water management by artificial groundwater recharge",
author="Klaus-Dieter BALKE, Yan ZHU",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Natural water purification and water management by artificial groundwater recharge
%A Klaus-Dieter BALKE
%A Yan ZHU
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 9
%N 3
%P 221-226
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2008
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0710635

T1 - Natural water purification and water management by artificial groundwater recharge
A1 - Klaus-Dieter BALKE
A1 - Yan ZHU
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 9
IS - 3
SP - 221
EP - 226
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2008
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0710635

Worldwide, several regions suffer from water scarcity and contamination. The infiltration and subsurface storage of rain and river water can reduce water stress. artificial groundwater recharge, possibly combined with bank filtration, plant purification and/or the use of subsurface dams and artificial aquifers, is especially advantageous in areas where layers of gravel and sand exist below the earth’s surface. Artificial infiltration of surface water into the uppermost aquifer has qualitative and quantitative advantages. The contamination of infiltrated river water will be reduced by natural attenuation. Clay minerals, iron hydroxide and humic matter as well as microorganisms located in the subsurface have high decontamination capacities. By this, a final water treatment, if necessary, becomes much easier and cheaper. The quantitative effect concerns the seasonally changing river discharge that influences the possibility of water extraction for drinking water purposes. Such changes can be equalised by seasonally adapted infiltration/extraction of water in/out of the aquifer according to the river discharge and the water need. This method enables a continuous water supply over the whole year. Generally, artificially recharged groundwater is better protected against pollution than surface water, and the delimitation of water protection zones makes it even more save.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Balke, K.D., 1990. Investigation of the Groundwater Resources in the Irrigation Area West of Ismailia/Egypt. Part I, Vol. 4, ISBN 3-443-01014-8, Stuttgart (in German).

[2] Balke, K.D., 2003. Surplus or Absence of Chemical Components in Water and Its Consequences for Public Health. In: Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y. (Eds.), Water and Development. ISBN 7-116-03831-0/X·17, Geology Press, Beijing, China, p.36-42.

[3] Balke, K.D., 2004. Water Supply by Bank Filtration and Artificial Groundwater Recharge. In: Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y., Prinz, D. (Eds.), Water and Development II. ISBN 7-116-04217-2, Geology Press, Beijing, China, p.18-25.

[4] Balke, K.D., Griebler, C., 2003. Groundwater Use and Groundwater Protection. In: Griebler, C., Mösslacher, F. (Eds.), Groundwater Ecology. Facultas UTB, ISBN 3-8252-2111-3, Wien, p.495 (in German).

[5] Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y., 2003. Sources of Water Pollution. In: Balke, K.D., Zhu, Y. (Eds.), Water and Development. ISBN 7-116-03831-0/X·17, Geology Press, Beijing, China, p.3-9.

[6] Balke, K.D., Beims, U., Heers, F.W., Hoelting, B., Homrighausen, R., Matthess, G., 2000. Groundwater Exploitation. Hydrogeological Textbook. Vol. 4, Berlin-Stuttgart, p.740 (in German).

[7] Firch, M., Wichmann, K., 2005. Influence of Limiting Factors upon the Purification Capacity of an Optimized Bank Filtration. Final Report of the Project B5 of the BMBF-Research Project Export-Oriented Research and Development in the Field of Water Supply and Sewage. Part I: Drinking Water. Technical University Hamburg-Harburg (in German).

[8] ORL-ETHZ (Swiss Technical University, Zuerich, Switzerland), 1970. Guideline for Artificial Groundwater Recharge. Zuerich, p.516023 (in German).

[9] Preuß, G., Schulte-Ebbert, U., 2000. Artificial Groundwater Recharge and Bankfiltration. In: Rehm, H.J., Reed, G. (Eds.), Biotechnology. Vol. 11c, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, p.425-444.

[10] Remmler, F., Schulte-Ebbert, U., 2003. Development of understanding the process of self-purification of groundwater. Vom Wasser, 101:77-90 (in Cerman).

[11] Schmidt, H., 1980. Groundwater Recharge and Water Production. Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. I, Abt. Orig. B, p.134-155 (in Cerman).

[12] Schmidt, H., Balke, K.D., 1980. Possibilities of artificial groundwater recharge and storage in the Federal Republic of Germany. Z. Dt. Geol. Ges., 131:93-109 (in Cerman).

[13] Schmidt, H., Balke, K.D., 1985. Requirements and Registration of Sites for Artificial Groundwater Recharge in the Federal Republic of Germany. UBA-FB 80-179, Berlin, p.186 (in Cerman).

[14] Wolters, N., Hantke, H., 1982. Experiments with infiltration methods in the hessian ried area. DVWK-Bulletin, 14:97-118 (in German).

[15] Zhu, Y., Balke, K.D., 2005. Practical Operating Approach to Urban Groundwater Management. In: The Coastal Areas of China, Proceedings Con. Soil. Bordeaux, p.301-305.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE