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CLC number: Q968

On-line Access: 2012-01-18

Received: 2011-03-21

Revision Accepted: 2011-07-26

Crosschecked: 2012-01-04

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2012 Vol.13 No.2 P.126-135

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1100087


Alternaria toxin-induced resistance against rose aphids and olfactory response of aphids to toxin-induced volatiles of rose plants


Author(s):  Fa-zhong Yang, Li Li, Bin Yang

Affiliation(s):  Key Laboratory of Forest Disaster Warning and Control in Yunnan Province, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China

Corresponding email(s):   yangbin48053@yahoo.com.cn

Key Words:  Alternaria alternata, Macrosiphum rosivorum, Rosa chinensis, Toxin, Plant resistance, Olfactory response, Volatile, Headspace collection


Fa-zhong Yang, Li Li, Bin Yang. Alternaria toxin-induced resistance against rose aphids and olfactory response of aphids to toxin-induced volatiles of rose plants[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2012, 13(2): 126-135.

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pages="126-135",
year="2012",
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doi="10.1631/jzus.B1100087"
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%T Alternaria toxin-induced resistance against rose aphids and olfactory response of aphids to toxin-induced volatiles of rose plants
%A Fa-zhong Yang
%A Li Li
%A Bin Yang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 13
%N 2
%P 126-135
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1100087

TY - JOUR
T1 - Alternaria toxin-induced resistance against rose aphids and olfactory response of aphids to toxin-induced volatiles of rose plants
A1 - Fa-zhong Yang
A1 - Li Li
A1 - Bin Yang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 13
IS - 2
SP - 126
EP - 135
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1100087


Abstract: 
The search for active toxins for managing weeds or plant diseases is believed to be a promising avenue of investigation. However, the effects of Alternaria toxins on insects have just begun to be investigated. Bioactivities of toxins from four strains of Alternaria alternata on Rosa chinensis and rose aphid Macrosiphum rosivorum were tested in the present study. At a concentration of 50.0 μg/ml, the crude extract (toxin) of strain 7484 was found not to be harmful to rose plants with excised leaf-puncture method (P≥0.079), and rose plants showed enhanced resistance to rose aphids when this Alternaria toxin was sprayed on the plants (P≤0.001). However, this toxin caused no detrimental effects on aphids in insecticidal bioassay at a concentration of 10.0 to 160.0 μg/ml (P≥0.096). Therefore, the Alternaria toxin had significantly induced the resistance of rose plants against rose aphids, demonstrating that the resistance mechanism triggered by the Alternaria toxin in the rose plant may also be used by the plant to defend itself against insects. Further bioassays aimed to discover the olfactory responses of aphids to the toxin-induced volatiles of host plants. The aphids were significantly more attracted to both volatiles emitted and collected from control rose plants than to both volatiles emitted and collected from the toxin-treated rose plants (P≤0.014). This result showed that the toxin-induced resistance related to the volatile changes of host plants.

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