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On-line Access: 2015-09-05

Received: 2014-09-10

Revision Accepted: 2015-08-04

Crosschecked: 2015-08-17

Cited: 1

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Ming-hui Wang


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2015 Vol.16 No.9 P.733-742


Challenges faced in the clinical application of artificial anal sphincters

Author(s):  Ming-hui Wang, Ying Zhou, Shuang Zhao, Yun Luo

Affiliation(s):  1State Key Laboratory of Mechanical System and Vibration, Institute of Biomedical Manufacturing and Life Quality Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   luoyun@sjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Fecal incontinence (FI), Artificial anal sphincter (AAS), Biomechanical compatibility, Smart materials

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Ming-hui Wang, Ying Zhou, Shuang Zhao, Yun Luo. Challenges faced in the clinical application of artificial anal sphincters[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2015, 16(9): 733-742.

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author="Ming-hui Wang, Ying Zhou, Shuang Zhao, Yun Luo",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
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%T Challenges faced in the clinical application of artificial anal sphincters
%A Ming-hui Wang
%A Ying Zhou
%A Shuang Zhao
%A Yun Luo
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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T1 - Challenges faced in the clinical application of artificial anal sphincters
A1 - Ming-hui Wang
A1 - Ying Zhou
A1 - Shuang Zhao
A1 - Yun Luo
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 16
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SP - 733
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%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2015
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1400242

Fecal incontinence is an unresolved problem, which has a serious effect on patients, both physically and psychologically. For patients with severe symptoms, treatment with an artificial anal sphincter could be a potential option to restore continence. Currently, the Acticon Neosphincter is the only device certified by the US Food and Drug Administration. In this paper, the clinical safety and efficacy of the Acticon Neosphincter are evaluated and discussed. Furthermore, some other key studies on artificial anal sphincters are presented and summarized. In particular, this paper highlights that the crucial problem in this technology is to maintain long-term biomechanical compatibility between implants and surrounding tissues. Compatibility is affected by changes in both the morphology and mechanical properties of the tissues surrounding the implants. A new approach for enhancing the long-term biomechanical compatibility of implantable artificial sphincters is proposed based on the use of smart materials.



Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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