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CLC number: TP242

On-line Access: 2017-04-12

Received: 2015-11-16

Revision Accepted: 2016-02-17

Crosschecked: 2017-03-14

Cited: 0

Clicked: 8839

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Can-jun Yang


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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2017 Vol.18 No.4 P.485-497


A space-saving steering method for underwater gliders in lake monitoring

Author(s):  Yu-shi Zhu, Can-jun Yang, Shi-jun Wu, Qing Li, Xiao-le Xu

Affiliation(s):  The State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power & Mechatronic Systems, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   ycj@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Underwater glider, Lake monitoring, Space-saving, Steering method, Small pitch angle (SPA), Hydrodynamics

Yu-shi Zhu, Can-jun Yang, Shi-jun Wu, Qing Li, Xiao-le Xu. A space-saving steering method for underwater gliders in lake monitoring[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2017, 18(4): 485-497.

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author="Yu-shi Zhu, Can-jun Yang, Shi-jun Wu, Qing Li, Xiao-le Xu",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
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%A Yu-shi Zhu
%A Can-jun Yang
%A Shi-jun Wu
%A Qing Li
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.1500399

T1 - A space-saving steering method for underwater gliders in lake monitoring
A1 - Yu-shi Zhu
A1 - Can-jun Yang
A1 - Shi-jun Wu
A1 - Qing Li
A1 - Xiao-le Xu
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 18
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SP - 485
EP - 497
%@ 2095-9184
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.1500399

An increasing number of underwater gliders have been applied to lake monitoring. Lakes have a limited vertical space. Therefore, good space-saving capacity is required for underwater gliders to enlarge the spacing between monitoring waypoints. This paper presents a space-saving steering method under a small pitch angle (SPA) for appearance-fixed underwater gliders. Steering under an SPA increases the steering angle in per unit vertical space. An amended hydrodynamic model for both small and large attack angles is presented to help analyze the steering process. Analysis is conducted to find the optimal parameters of net buoyancy and roll angle for steering under an SPA. A lake trial with a prototype tiny underwater glider (TUG) is conducted to inspect the applicability of the presented model. The trial results show that steering under an SPA saves vertical space, unlike that under a large pitch angle. Simulation results of steering are consistent with the trial results. In addition, multiple-waypoint trial shows that monitoring with steering under an SPA covers a larger horizontal displacement than that without steering.

In this paper the authors proposed a small pitch angle (SPA)-based approach to the steering (namely turning) of underwater gliders in shallow water environments, with the goal of maximizing steering per unit vertical descent, so that more descent can be used for horizontal travel towards the target point. A dynamic model, including the hydrodynamic model, was presented. Simulation results and experimental results were provided to show the performance the proposed method. The presented simulation and experimental results seem to be promising in supporting the proposed approach. Overall, this work is of high quality.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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