Full Text:   <1700>

Summary:  <1417>

CLC number: TP271

On-line Access: 2019-11-11

Received: 2019-03-04

Revision Accepted: 2019-08-12

Crosschecked: 2019-10-10

Cited: 0

Clicked: 5203

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Yan-hu Chen


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2019 Vol.20 No.10 P.1331-1343


Optimal communication frequency for switching cabled ocean networks with commands carried over the power line

Author(s):  Yan-hu Chen, Yu-jia Zang, Jia-jie Yao, Gul Muhammad

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Fluid Power and Mechatronic Systems, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   yanhuchen@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Cable switching, Cabled ocean network, Branching unit, Transmission line theory, Communication frequency

Yan-hu Chen, Yu-jia Zang, Jia-jie Yao, Gul Muhammad. Optimal communication frequency for switching cabled ocean networks with commands carried over the power line[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2019, 20(10): 1331-1343.

@article{title="Optimal communication frequency for switching cabled ocean networks with commands carried over the power line",
author="Yan-hu Chen, Yu-jia Zang, Jia-jie Yao, Gul Muhammad",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Optimal communication frequency for switching cabled ocean networks with commands carried over the power line
%A Yan-hu Chen
%A Yu-jia Zang
%A Jia-jie Yao
%A Gul Muhammad
%J Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
%V 20
%N 10
%P 1331-1343
%@ 2095-9184
%D 2019
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.1900125

T1 - Optimal communication frequency for switching cabled ocean networks with commands carried over the power line
A1 - Yan-hu Chen
A1 - Yu-jia Zang
A1 - Jia-jie Yao
A1 - Gul Muhammad
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 20
IS - 10
SP - 1331
EP - 1343
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 2019
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.1900125

cabled ocean networks with tree or ring topologies play an important role in real-time ocean exploration. Due to the time-consuming need for field maintenance, cable switching technology that can actively switch the power on/off on certain branches of the network becomes essential for enhancing the reliability and availability of the network. In this paper, a novel switching-control method is proposed, in which we invert the power transmission polarity and use the current on the power line as the digital signal at low frequency to broadcast information with the address and commands to the network, and the corresponding branching unit (BU) can decode and execute the switching commands. The cables parasitic parameters, the network scale, and the number of BUs, as the influencing factors of the communication frequency on the power line, are theoretically studied and simulated. An optimized frequency that balances the executing accuracy and rate is calculated and proved on a simulated prototype. The results showed that the cable switching technology with optimized frequency can enhance the switching accuracy and configuring rate.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Aguzzi J, Mànuel A, Condal F, et al., 2011. The new seafloor observatory (OBSEA) for remote and long-term coastal ecosystem monitoring. Sensors, 11(6):5850-5872.

[2]Araújo ARJ, Silva RC, Kurokawa S, 2014. Comparing lumped and distributed parameters models in transmission lines during transient conditions. IEEE PES T&D Conf and Exposition, p.1-5.

[3]Barnes CR, Best MMR, Johnson FR, et al., 2013. Challenges, benefits, and opportunities in installing and operating cabled ocean observatories: perspectives from NEPTUNE Canada. IEEE J Ocean Eng, 38(1):144-157.

[4]Chan T, Liu CC, Howe BM, et al., 2007. Fault location for the NEPTUNE power system. IEEE Trans Power Syst, 22(2): 522-531.

[5]Chen YH, Yang CJ, Li DJ, et al., 2013. Study on 10 kVDC powered junction box for a cabled ocean observatory system. China Ocean Eng, 27(2):265-275.

[6]Chen YH, Howe BM, Yang CJ, 2015. Actively controllable switching for tree topology seafloor observation networks. IEEE J Ocean Eng, 40(4):993-1002.

[7]El-Sharkawi MA, Upadhye A, Lu S, et al., 2005. North east pacific time-integrated undersea networked experiments (NEPTUNE): cable switching and protection. IEEE J Ocean Eng, 30(1):232-240.

[8]Hishiki K, Fujiwara N, Katayama T, et al., 2016. Power distribution system for multidisciplinary seafloor observatory junction box. Techno-Ocean, p.325-328.

[9]Hsiao NC, Lin TW, Hsu SK, et al., 2014. Improvement of earthquake locations with the Marine Cable Hosted Observatory (MACHO) offshore NE Taiwan. Mar Geophys Res, 35(3):327-336.

[10]Hsu SK, Lee CS, Shin TC, et al., 2007. Marine Cable Hosted Observatory (MACHO) project in Taiwan. Int Symp on Underwater Technology and Workshop on Scientific Use of Submarine Cables and Related Technologies, p.305 307.

[11]Kawaguchi K, Kaneda Y, Araki E, 2008. The DONET: a real-time seafloor research infrastructure for the precise earthquake and tsunami monitoring. MTS/IEEE Kobe Techno-Ocean, p.1-4.

[12]Kawaguchi K, Araki E, Kogure Y, et al., 2013. Development of DONET2-off Kii chanel observatory network. IEEE Int Underwater Technology Symp, p.1-5.

[13]Liao Y, 2009. Some algorithms for transmission line parameter estimation. 41st Southeastern Symp on System Theory, p.127-132.

[14]Lu S, Shuai L, 2006. Infrastructure, Operations, and Circuits Design of an Undersea Power System. PhD Thesis, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.

[15]Ma SC, Xu BY, Bo ZQ, et al., 2009. The research on lumped parameter equivalent circuit of transmission line. 8th Int Conf on Advances in Power System Control, Operation and Management, p.194.

[16]Meng H, Chen S, Guan YL, et al., 2004. Modeling of transfer characteristics for the broadband power line communi cation channel. IEEE Trans Power Del, 19(3):1057-1064.

[17]Qu FZ, Wang ZD, Song H, et al., 2015. A study on a cabled seafloor observatory. IEEE Intell Syst, 30(1):66-69.

[18]Righini D, Passerini F, Tonello AM, 2018. Modeling transmission and radiation effects when exploiting power line networks for communication. IEEE Trans Electromagn Compat, 60(1):59-67.

[19]Schneider K, Liu CC, 2005. Topology error identification for the NEPTUNE power system using an artificial neural network. IEEE PES Power Systems Conf and Exposition, p.94-99.

[20]Sheng H, Li Y, Chen YQ, 2011. Application of numerical inverse Laplace transform algorithms in fractional calculus. J Franklin Inst, 348(2):315-330.

[21]Song YJ, Breitholtz C, 2016. Nyquist stability analysis of an AC-grid connected VSC-HVDC system using a distributed parameter DC cable model. IEEE Trans Power Del, 31(2):898-907.

[22]Sun H, Jin ZJ, Kim MG, et al., 2011. Equivalent-circuit modeling for multilayer capacitors based on coupled transmission-line theory. IEEE Trans Compon Pack Manuf Technol, 1(5):731-741.

[23]Zhang F, Chen YH, Li DJ, et al., 2015. A double-node star network coastal ocean observatory. Mar Technol Soc J, 49(1):59-70.

[24]Zhang ZF, Chen YH, Li DJ, et al., 2018. Use of a coded voltage signal for cable switching and fault isolation in cabled seafloor observatories. Front Inform Technol Electron Eng, 19(11):1328-1339.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE