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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C 1998 Vol.-1 No.-1 P.

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.2300571


Transfer learning with spatiotemporal graph convolution network for city flow prediction


Author(s):  Binkun LIU, Yu KANG, Yang CAO, Yunbo ZHAO, Zhenyi XU

Affiliation(s):  Department of Automation, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   forrest@ustc.edu.cn, xuzhenyi@mail.ustc.edu.cn

Key Words:  Transfer learning, City flow prediction, Spatiotemporal graph convolution


Binkun LIU, Yu KANG, Yang CAO, Yunbo ZHAO, Zhenyi XU. Transfer learning with spatiotemporal graph convolution network for city flow prediction[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 1998, -1(-1): .

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Abstract: 
Recently, deep learning based city-flow prediction has been extensively used in the establishment of smart cities. These methods are data-hungry, making them unscalable to areas lacking data. Although transfer learning can use data-rich source domains to assist target domain cities in city flow prediction, the performance of existing methods cannot meet the needs of actual use, because the long-distance road network connectivity is ignored. To solve this problem, we propose a transfer learning method based on spatiotemporal graph convolution, in which we construct a co-occurrence space between the source and target domains, and then align the mapping of the source and target domains’ data in this space, to achieve the transfer learning of source city-flow prediction model on the target domain. Specifically, a dynamic spatiotemporal graph convolution module along with a temporal encoder is devised to simultaneously capture the concurrent spatiotemporal features, which implies the inherent relationship among the road network structures, human travel habits, and city bike flow. Then, these concurrent features are leveraged as cross-city invariant representations and nonlinearly spanned to a co-occurrence space. The target domain features are thereby aligned with the source domain features in the co-occurrence space by using a Mahalanobis Distance loss, to achieve cross-city bike-flow prediction. The proposed method is evaluated on the public bike flow datasets in Chicago, New York, and Washington in 2015, and significantly outperforms state-of-the-art techniques.

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