Full Text:   <2364>

CLC number: X383

On-line Access: 

Received: 2001-07-21

Revision Accepted: 2002-01-02

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 0

Clicked: 4925

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2002 Vol.3 No.4 P.405-411

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2002.0405


Multiple objectives application approach to waste minimization


Author(s):  ZHANG Qing-yu

Affiliation(s):  Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   qy-zhang@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Waste minimization, Multiple objectives optimization, Chemical reaction process


Share this article to: More

ZHANG Qing-yu. Multiple objectives application approach to waste minimization[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2002, 3(4): 405-411.

@article{title="Multiple objectives application approach to waste minimization",
author="ZHANG Qing-yu",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
volume="3",
number="4",
pages="405-411",
year="2002",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.2002.0405"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Multiple objectives application approach to waste minimization
%A ZHANG Qing-yu
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 3
%N 4
%P 405-411
%@ 1869-1951
%D 2002
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2002.0405

TY - JOUR
T1 - Multiple objectives application approach to waste minimization
A1 - ZHANG Qing-yu
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 3
IS - 4
SP - 405
EP - 411
%@ 1869-1951
Y1 - 2002
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2002.0405


Abstract: 
Besides economics and controllability, waste minimization has now become an objective in designing chemical processes, and usually leads to high costs of investment and operation. An attempt was made to minimize waste discharged from chemical reaction processes during the design and modification process while the operation conditions were also optimized to meet the requirements of technology and economics. Multiobjectives decision nonlinear programming (NLP) was employed to optimize the operation conditions of a chemical reaction process and reduce waste. A modeling language package-SPEEDUP was used to simulate the process. This paper presents a case study of the benzene production process. The flowsheet factors affecting the economics and waste generation were examined. Constraints were imposed to reduce the number of objectives and carry out optimal calculations easily. After comparisons of all possible solutions, best-compromise approach was applied to meet technological requirements and minimize waste.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1] Chankong, V., Haimes, T., 1983. Multiobjective Decision Making: Theory and Methodology, North Holland, New York.

[2] Choi, K.Y., Westerberg, A.W., 1983. Optimization for design problems having more than one objective. Computers Chem. Engng 7, p.259-278.

[3] Douglas, J.M., 1988. Conceptual Design of Chemical Processes, McGraw-Hill, Inc.

[4] Grass, V.G., Luyben, W.L., 1992. Process design and control of extractive distillation. AIChE Annual Meeting, Miami.

[5] Grossmann, I.E., Halemane, K.P., Swaney, R. E., 1983. Optimization strategies for flexible chemical process. Computers Chem. Engng 7:439-462.

[6] Jacobsen, E. W., Skogestad, S., 1991. Design modifications for improved controllability of distillation columns. COPE-91, Barcelona, Spain.

[7] Jeffrey, L. R., 1992. Multiobjective Optimization: Behavioral and Computational Considerations, Kluwer Academic Publishers.

[8] Lenhoff, A.M., Morari, M., 1982. Design of resilient processing plants--I. Process design under consideration of dynamic aspects. Chem. Engng Sci. 37, p.245-258.

[9] Luyben, M.L., Floudas, C.A., 1994a. Analyzing the Interaction of design and control--1. A multiobjective framework and application to binary distillation synthesis. Computers Chem. Engng, 18(10): 933-969.

[10] Luyben, M.L., Floudas, C.A., 1994b. Analyzing the interaction of design and control--2. reactor-separator-recycle system. computers Chem. engng, 18(10):971-994.

[11] Nathanson, J.A., 1986. Basic environmental Technology: Water, Supply, Waste Disposal, and Pollution Control, Wiley, New York, p.23-24.

[12] Palazoglu, A., Arkun, T., 1986. Design of chemical plants in the presence of process uncertainty: A multiobjective approach. Computers Chem. Engng 10:567-575.

[13] Silisby, R.I., Sawyer, E.W.,1956. The dealkylation of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons I. The kinetics and mechanism of toluene decomposition in the presence of hydrogen, J. Appl. Chem., 6, August, p.347-356.

[14] SPEEDUP user manual Aspen Technology, Inc. 1993.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE