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Received: 2006-03-21

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2007 Vol.8 No.3 P.181-188


Interactions of cadmium and aluminum toxicity in their effect on growth and physiological parameters in soybean

Author(s):  SHAMSI Imran Haider, WEI Kang, JILANI Ghulam, ZHANG Guo-ping

Affiliation(s):  Department of Agronomy, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhanggp@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Soybean, Cadmium, Aluminum, Photosynthesis, Antagonism

SHAMSI Imran Haider, WEI Kang, JILANI Ghulam, ZHANG Guo-ping. Interactions of cadmium and aluminum toxicity in their effect on growth and physiological parameters in soybean[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2007, 8(3): 181-188.

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author="SHAMSI Imran Haider, WEI Kang, JILANI Ghulam, ZHANG Guo-ping",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Interactions of cadmium and aluminum toxicity in their effect on growth and physiological parameters in soybean
%A SHAMSI Imran Haider
%A WEI Kang
%A JILANI Ghulam
%A ZHANG Guo-ping
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
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%P 181-188
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2007
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0181

T1 - Interactions of cadmium and aluminum toxicity in their effect on growth and physiological parameters in soybean
A1 - SHAMSI Imran Haider
A1 - WEI Kang
A1 - JILANI Ghulam
A1 - ZHANG Guo-ping
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 8
IS - 3
SP - 181
EP - 188
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2007
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0181

The effect of Al and Cd on the growth, photosynthesis, and accumulation of Al, Cd and plant nutrients in two soybean genotypes were determined using hydroponic culture. There were six treatments: pH 6.5; pH 4.0; pH 6.5+1.0 μmol/L Cd; pH 4.0+1.0 μmol/L Cd; pH 4.0+150 μmol/L Al; pH 4.0+1.0 μmol/L Cd+150 μmol/L Al. The low pH (4.0) and Al treatments caused marked reduction in root length, shoot height, dry weight, chlorophyll content (SPAD value) and photosynthetic rate. Al-sensitive cv. Zhechun 2 accumulated comparatively more Al and Cd in plants than Al-tolerant cv. Liao 1. Compared with pH 6.5, pH 4.0 resulted in significant increase in Cd and Al concentration in plants. Combined application of Cd and Al enhanced their accumulation in roots, but caused a reduction in shoots. The concentrations of all 10 nutrients (P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn and B), except Mo were also increased when plants were exposed to pH lower than pH 6.5. Al addition caused a reduction in the concentration of most nutrients in plant roots and shoots; but K, Mn and Zn in roots were increased. Treatments with Cd alone or together with Al reduced the concentrations of all the plant nutrients in plants. Al-sensitive genotype Zhechun 2 has lower nutrient concentration than Al-tolerant genotype Liao 1. The current findings imply that Al and Cd are synergistic in their effect on plant growth, physiological traits and nutrient uptake.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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