Full Text:   <2384>

CLC number: S852.7; R282.71

On-line Access: 

Received: 2007-01-15

Revision Accepted: 2007-07-11

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 2

Clicked: 5027

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2007 Vol.8 No.9 P.693-696


Biological activities of chamomile (Matricaria chamomile) flowers’ extract against the survival and egg laying of the cattle fever tick (Acari Ixodidae)


Affiliation(s):  Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Shahrekord, Shahrekord 115, Iran; more

Corresponding email(s):   Pirali-k@vet.sku.ac.ir, khpirali@yahoo.com

Key Words:  Matricaria chamomile, Chamomile, Rhipicephalus annulatus, Botanical acaricidal agent

Share this article to: More <<< Previous Article|

PIRALI-KHEIRABADI Khodadad, RAZZAGHI-ABYANEH Mehdi. Biological activities of chamomile (Matricaria chamomile) flowers’ extract against the survival and egg laying of the cattle fever tick (Acari Ixodidae)[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2007, 8(9): 693-696.

@article{title="Biological activities of chamomile (Matricaria chamomile) flowers’ extract against the survival and egg laying of the cattle fever tick (Acari Ixodidae)",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Biological activities of chamomile (Matricaria chamomile) flowers’ extract against the survival and egg laying of the cattle fever tick (Acari Ixodidae)
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 8
%N 9
%P 693-696
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2007
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0693

T1 - Biological activities of chamomile (Matricaria chamomile) flowers’ extract against the survival and egg laying of the cattle fever tick (Acari Ixodidae)
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 8
IS - 9
SP - 693
EP - 696
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2007
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2007.B0693

In the present work, the potential of acaricidal activity of chamomile flowers’ extract was studied against engorged Rhipicephalus annulatus tick under laboratory condition. For this purpose, the engorged females of Rhipicephalus annulatus were exposed to two-fold serial dilutions of chamomile flowers’ extract (0.5%, 1.0%, 2.0%, 4.0% and 8.0%) using “dipping method” in vitro. The engorged ticks were immersed in different plant dilutions (five ticks for each dilution) for 1 min and they were immediately incubated in separate Petri dishes for each replicate at 26 °C and 80% relative humidity. Mortality rate for each treatment was recorded 5 d after incubation. The mortality rate caused by different dilutions of chamomile flowers' extract ranged from 6.67% to 26.7%, whereas no mortality was recorded for non-treated control group. The mass of produced eggs varied from 0.23 g (in 8.0% solution) to 0.58 g (in control), with no statistical differences between the treatments and control (P>0.05). Also the chamomile flowers' extract in highest concentration used (8.0%) caused 46.67% failure in egg laying in engorged females while no failure was observed for non-treated control group. Macroscopic observations indicated that in effective concentrations of plant (4.0% and 8.0%), patchy hemorrhagic swelling appeared on the skin of treated ticks. The results presented for the first time in this study imply that chamomile may be considered as a promising plant for biocontrol of cattle fever tick disease in the field condition.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Abdel-Shafy, S., Zayed, A.A., 2002. In vitro acaricidal effect of plant extract of neem seed oil (Azadirachta indica) on egg, immature, and adult stages of Hyalomma anatolicum excavatum (Ixodoidea: Ixodidae). Vet. Parasitol., 106(1):89-96.

[2] Arnason, J.T., Philogene, B.J.R., Donsko, N., Kubo, I., 1987. Limonoides from the Meliaceae and Rutacea reduce feeding growth and development of Ostrinia nubilalis. Entomol. Exp. Appl., 43(3):221-226.

[3] Balandrin, M.F., Klocke, J.A., Wurtele, E.S., Bollinger, W.H., 1985. Natural plant chemicals: sources of industrial and medicinals. Science, 228(4704):1154-1160.

[4] Chavan, S.R., Nikam, S., 1988. Investigation of alkones from neem leaves and neem larvicidal activity. Pesticides, 22(7):32-33.

[5] Drummond, R.O., 1977. Resistance in Ticks and Insects of Veterinary Importance Reprinted from: Pesticide Management and Insecticide Resistance. Academic Press, Inc., San Francisco, p.303-319.

[6] Franz, C., 1980. Content and composition of the essential oil in flower heads of Matricaria chamomilla L. during ontogenetical development. Acta Hort., 96:317-321.

[7] Georghiou, G.P., 1986. The Magnitude of the Resistance Problem. In: Pesticide Resistance: Strategies and Tactics for Management. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, p.14-43.

[8] Georghiou, G.P., Lagunes-Tejada, A., 1991. The Occurrence of Resistance to Pesticide in Arthropods: An Index of Cases Reported through 1989. FAO, Rome.

[9] Hassanain, M.A., el Garhy, M.F., Abdel-Ghaffar, F.A., el-Sharaby, A., Abdel Megged, K.N., 1997. Biological control studies of soft and hard ticks in Egypt: I. The effect of Bacillus thuringiensis varieties on soft and hard ticks (Ixodidae). Parasitol. Res., 83(3):209-213.

[10] Iori, A., Grazioli, D., Gentile, E., Marano, G., Salvatore, G., 2005. Acaricidal properties of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (tea tree oil) against nymphs of Ixodes ricinus. Vet. Parasitol., 129(1-2):173-176.

[11] Kim, S.I., Yi, J.H., Tak, J.H., Ahn, Y.J., 2004. Acaricidal activity of plant essential oils against Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari Dermanyssidae). Vet. Parasitol., 120(4):297-304.

[12] Macchioni, F., Perrucci, S., Cecchi, F., Cioni, P.L., Morelli, I., Pampiglione, S., 2004. Acaricidal activity of aqueous extracts of chamomile flowers, Marticaria chamomilla, against the mite Psoroptes caniculi. Med. Vet. Entomol., 18(2):205-207.

[13] Needham, G.R., Teel, P.D., 1986. Water Balance by Ticks between Blood Meals. In: Sauer, J.R., Hair, J.A. (Eds.), Morphology, Physiology and Behavioral Biology of Ticks. Ellis Horwood Limited, Chichester, England, p.100-151.

[14] Onofre, S.B., Miniuk, C.M., Debarros, N.M., Azevedo, J.L., 2001. Pathogenicity of four strains of entomopathogenic fungi against the bovine tick Boophilus microplus. AJVR, 62(9):1478-1480.

[15] Rak, H., 1976. Tick-Borne Diseases and Their Vectors in Iran. In: Wilde, J.K.H. (Ed.), Proceeding of International Congress on Tick-Borne Diseases and Their Vectors. Edinburgh, UK, p.163-166.

[16] Samish, M., Rehacek, J.A., 1999. Pathogens and predators of tick and their potential in biological control. Annu. Rev. Entomol., 44(1):159-182.

[17] Ündeğer, Ü., Başaran, N., 2005. Effects of pesticides on human peripheral lymphocytes in vitro: induction of DNA damage. Arch. Toxicol., 79(3):169-176.

[18] Zhioua, E., Heyer, K., Browning, M., Ginsberg, H.S., LeBrun, R.A., 1999. Pathogenicity of Bacillus thuringiensis variety kurstaki to Ixodes scapularis (Acari Ixodidae). J. Med. Ent., 36(6):900-902.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE