Full Text:   <3607>

Summary:  <3218>

CLC number: U270

On-line Access: 2014-12-04

Received: 2014-11-12

Revision Accepted: 2014-11-18

Crosschecked: 2014-11-19

Cited: 16

Clicked: 8740

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Xue-song JIN


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2014 Vol.15 No.12 P.936-945


Key problems faced in high-speed train operation*

Author(s):  Xue-song Jin

Affiliation(s):  . State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, China

Corresponding email(s):   xsjin@home.swjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  High-speed railway, High-speed train, Wheel/rail wear, Train/Track coupling system dynamics, Wheel/Rail rolling contact theory, Vibration-noise reduction technology

Xue-song Jin. Key problems faced in high-speed train operation[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2014, 15(12): 936-945.

@article{title="Key problems faced in high-speed train operation",
author="Xue-song Jin",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Key problems faced in high-speed train operation
%A Xue-song Jin
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 15
%N 12
%P 936-945
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2014
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1400338

T1 - Key problems faced in high-speed train operation
A1 - Xue-song Jin
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 15
IS - 12
SP - 936
EP - 945
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2014
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1400338

This paper discusses some key problems faced in high-speed train operation. These problems include: wheel tread concave wear causing the lateral oscillation of the train in operation, wheel roundness higher-order polygonal wear leading to fierce vertical vibration of wheel/rail and abnormal vibration noise of the coach interior of the train thus causing loosening and cracking of the train bogie parts, short pitch rail corrugation generation on the part of the track, fracture of cushion layer and road base fracture of the track, and increased noise inside and outside the train. At present, the mechanism of the occurrence and development of these phenomena is still not fully understood. This paper briefly reviews the related research on these problems in China and abroad, including many important recent papers and the articles published in this special issue. They make outstanding contributions to solving these problems, and include important work on train-track coupling large system theory, the relationship theory and technique of wheel/rail, and the vibration-noise reduction technology of the train.



Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Akihiko, T., 2003. The noise reduction measures for Shinkansen 700 series train-sets. Foreign Rolling Stock, 40(6):17-19. 

[2] Carter, F., 1926. On the action of a locomotive driving wheel. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A, 112:151-157. 

[3] Chen, H., Ishida, M., Nakahara, T., 2005. Analysis of adhesion under wet conditions for three-dimensional contact considering surface roughness. Wear, 258(7-8):1209-1216. 

[4] Chen, S.Y., Sun, H.L., 2011. Experimental analysis of long-term stability of soaking subgrade for high speed railway. Journal of Railway Engineering Society, (in Chinese),12:40-44. 

[5] Claus, H., Schiehlen, W., 2002. Symbolic-numeric analysis of flexible multibody systems. Mechanics of Structures and Machines, 30(1):1-30. 

[6] Cui, D.B., Li, L., Jin, X.S., 2011. Optimal design of wheel profiles based on weighed wheel rail gap. Wear, 271(1-2):218-226. 

[7] Cui, D.B., Huang, Z.W., Jin, X.S., 2012. A new wheel profile design method for high-speed vehicle. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-speed and Intercity Railways, 1, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, 147:225-241. 

[8] Cui, D.B., Lin, L., Song, C.Y., 2013. Out of round high-speed wheel and its influence on wheel/rail behavior. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese),49:8-16. 

[9] Damme, S., Nackenhorst, U., Wetzel, A., 2003. On the numerical analysis of the wheel-rail system in rolling contact. System Dynamics and Long-term Behaviour of Railway Vehicles, Track and Subgrade, Springer,:155-174. 

[10] Eade, P.W., Hardy, A.E.J., 1977. Railway vehicle internal noise. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 51(3):403-415. 

[11] Frm, J., 2000. Interior structure-borne sound caused by the sleeper-passing frequency. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 231(3):831-837. 

[12] Han, J., Wen, Z.F., Wang, R.Q., 2014. Experimental study on vibration and sound radiation reduction of the web-mounted noise shielding and vibration damping wheel. Noise Control Engineering Journal, 62(3):110-122. 

[13] Han, G.X., Zhang, J., Xiao, X.B., 2014. Study on high-speed train abnormal interior vibration and noise related to wheel roughness. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, in press,(in Chinese),:

[14] Hardy, A.E.J., 2000. Measurement and assessment of noise within passenger trains. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 231(3):819-829. 

[15] He, B., Xiao, X.B., Zhou, Q., 2014. Investigation into external noise of a high-speed train at different speeds. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 15(12):1019-1033. 

[16] Jin, X.S., Zhang, J.Y., 2001. A complementary principle of elastic bodies of arbitrary geometry in rolling contact. Computers & Structures, 79(29-30):2635-2644. 

[17] Jin, X.S., Shen, Z.Y., 2001. Development of rolling contact mechanics and its application in research on wheel/rail performances. Advances in Mechanics, 31(1):33-46. 

[18] Jin, X.S., Shen, Z.Y., 2008.  Wheel/Rail Creep Theory and Its Experiments. (in Chinese), Southwest Jiaotong University Press,Chengdu, China :

[19] Jin, X.S., Xiao, X.B., Ling, L., 2013. Study on safety boundary for high-speed train running in severe environments. International Journal of Rail Transportation, 1(1-2):87-108. 

[20] Jones, C.J.C., Thompson, D.J., 2000. Rolling noise generated by railway wheels with visco-elastic layers. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 231(3):779-790. 

[21] Kalker, J.J., 1967.  On the Rolling Contact of Two Elastic Bodies in the Presence of Dry Friction. PhD Thesis, Delft University,The Netherlands :

[22] Kalker, J.J., 1982. A fast algorithm for the simplified theory of rolling contact. Vehicle System Dynamics, 11(1):1-13. 

[23] Kalker, J.J., 1990.  Three-dimensional Elastic Bodies in Rolling Contact. Kluwer Academic Publishers,Dordrecht, The Netherlands :

[24] Knothe, K., Grassie, S.L., 1993. Modeling of railway track and vehicle/track interaction at high frequencies. Vehicle System Dynamics, 22(3-4):209-262. 

[25] Lee, Y.B., Rho, J., Kwak, M.H., 2007. Aerodynamic characteristics of high speed train pantograph with the optimized panhead shape. , Proceedings of the 7th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Fluid Mechanics and Aerodynamics, 84-88. :84-88. 

[26] Letourneaux, F., Guerrand, S., 2000. Assessment of the acoustical comfort in high-speed trains at the SNCF: integration of subjective parameters. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 231(3):839-846. 

[27] Li, T., Zhang, J.Y., Zhang, W.H., 2013. A numerical approach to the interaction between airflow and a high-speed train subjected to crosswind. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 14(7):482-493. 

[28] Ling, L., 2012. Study on the Dynamic Behaviour of High-speed Train/Track Coupling System Composed of Multiple Vehicles, MS Thesis, (in Chinese), Southwest Jiaotong University,:

[29] Ling, L., Xiao, X.B., Xiong, J.Y., 2014. A 3D model for coupling dynamics analysis of high-speed train/track system. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 15(12):964-983. 

[30] Mellet, C., Letourneau, F., Poissonb, F., 2006. High speed train noise emission: latest investigation of the aerodynamic/rolling noise contribution. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 293(3-5):535-546. 

[31] Moon, J.S., Kim, S.W., Kwon, H.B., 2014. A study on the aerodynamic drag reduction of high-speed train using bogie side fairing. Journal of Computational Fluids Engineering, 19(1):41-46. 

[32] Nackenhorst, U., 1993. On the finite element analysis of steady state rolling contact.  Contact MechanicsComputational Techniques. Computational Mechanics Publication,Southampton, Boston :53

[33] Oscarsson, J., Dahlberg, T., 1998. Dynamic train/track/ballast interaction—computer model and full-scale experiments. Vehicle System Dynamics, 29(S1):73-84. 

[34] Parizet, E., Hamzaoui, N., Jacquemoud, J., 2002. Noise assessment in a high-speed train. Applied Acoustics, 63(10):1109-1124. 

[35] Poisson, F., Letourneaux, F., Loizeau, T., 2002. Inside noise of high speed train coaches. Forum Acusticum Sevilla, High Speed Trains, NOI-03-005-IP, :

[36] Poisson, F., Gautier, P.E., Letourneaux, F., 2008. Noise sources for high speed trains: a review of results in the TGV Case. Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems, 99:71-77. 

[37] Ripke, B., Knothe, K., 1995. Simulation of high frequency vehicle-track interactions. Vehicle System Dynamics, 24(S1):72-85. 

[38] Shen, Z.Y., Hedric, K.J., Elkins, J., 1983. A comparison of alternative creep force models for rail vehicle dynamic analysis. Vehicle System Dynamics, 12(1-3):79-83. 

[39] Song, H., Park, J.H., Song, S., 2008. Numerical analysis on flow characteristics around a cavity with flaps. , (in Korean),32(9):645-651. 

[40] Thompson, D.J., Gautier, P.E., 2006. Review of research into wheel/rail rolling noise reduction. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 220(4):385-408. 

[41] Tian, J.Y., Yang, Y., Zhang, S., 2013. Gearbox fault diagnosis technology of high-speed trains. Mechanical Engineer, (in Chinese),6:77-78. 

[42] Vermeulen, J.K., Johnson, K.L., 1964. Contact of non-spherical bodies transmitting tangential forces. Journal of Applied Mechanics, 31(2):338-340. 

[43] Wen, Z.F., Jin, X.S., Jiang, Y.Y., 2005. Elastic-plastic finite element analysis of non-steady state wheel-rail rolling contact. Tribology, ASME, 127(4):713-721. 

[44] Wu, B., Wen, Z.F., Wang, H.Y., 2014. Numerical analysis on wheel/rail adhesion under mixed contamination of oil and water with surface roughness. Wear, 314(1-2):140-147. 

[45] Xiao, X.B., 2013.  Study on High-speed Train Derailment Mechanism in Severe Environment. PhD Thesis, (in Chinese), Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu, China :

[46] Xiao, X.B., Jin, X.S., Deng, Y.Q., 2008. Effect of curved track support failure on vehicle derailment. Vehicle System Dynamics, 46(11):1029-1059. 

[47] Xiao, X.B., Ling, L., Jin, X.S., 2012. A study of the derailment mechanism of a high-speed train due to an earthquake. Vehicle System Dynamics, 50(3):449-470. 

[48] Yang, Z.P., Liu, W.Z., Zhao, G.L., 2014. Research on key mechanics problems in high-speed trains. Advances in Mechanics, in press,(in Chinese),:

[49] Yu, M.G., Zhang, J.Y., Zhang, W.H., 2011. Wind-induced security of high-speed trains on the ground. Journal of Southwest Jiaotong University, (in Chinese),46(6):989-995. 

[50] Yu, M.G., Zhang, J.Y., Zhang, W.H., 2013. Multi-objective optimization design method of the high-speed train head. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 14(9):631-641. 

[51] Zhai, W.M., Cai, C.B., Guo, S.Z., 1996. Coupling model of vertical and lateral vehicle/track interactions. Vehicle System Dynamics, 26(1):61-79. 

[52] Zhai, W.M., Wang, K.Y., Cai, C.B., 2009. Fundamentals of vehicle-track coupled dynamics. Vehicle System Dynamics, 47(11):1349-1376. 

[53] Zhai, W.M., Jin, X.S., Zhao, Y.X., 2010. Some typical mechanics problems in high-speed railway engineering. Advances in Mechanics, (in Chinese),40(4):358-374. 

[54] Zhang, S.G., Zhang, W.H., Jin, X.S., 2007. Dynamics of high speed wheel/rail system and its modeling. Chinese Science Bulletin, 52:1566-1575. 

[55] Zhang, S.R., Li, X., Wen, Z.F., 2013. Theory and numerical method of elastic bodies in rolling contact with curve contact area. Engineering Mechanics, (in Chinese),30(2):30-37. 

[56] Zhang, J., Xiao, X.B., Zhang, Y.M., 2013. Noise evaluation in the tourist cabin of high-speed train by using aircraft noise criterion. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese),49(16):33-38. 

[57] Zhang, J., Xiao, X.B., Han, G.X., 2013. Study on abnormal interior noise of high-speed trains. , Proceedings of the 11th International Workshop on Railway Noise, Uddevalla, Sweden, 759-766. :759-766. 

[58] Zhang, J., Xiao, X.B., Han, J., 2014. Characteristics of abnormal noise at the ends of the coach and acoustic modal analysis of high-speed train. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese),50(12):97-103. 

[59] Zhang, J., Han, G.X., Xiao, X.B., 2014. Influence of wheel polygonal wear on interior noise of high-speed trains. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 15(12):1002-1018. 

[60] Zhao, X., Li, Z., 2011. The solution of frictional wheel-rail rolling contact with a 3-D transient finite element model: validation and error analysis. Wear, 271:444-452. 

[61] Zhao, X., Wen, Z.F., Wang, H.Y., 2014. Modeling of high-speed wheel-rail rolling contact on a corrugated rail and corrugation development. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 15(12):946-963. 

[62] Zhong, S.Q., Xiao, X.B., Wen, Z.F., 2013. The effect of first-order bending resonance of wheelset at high speed on wheel-rail contact behavior. Advances of Mechanical Engineering, 2013:1-19. 

[63] Zhong, S.Q., Xiong, J.Y., Xiao, X.B., 2014. Effect of the first two wheelset bending modes on wheel-rail contact behavior. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 15(12):984-1001. 

[64] Zhou, J., Goodall, R., Ren, L., 2009. Influences of car body vertical flexibility on ride quality of passenger railway vehicles. Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, 223(5):461-471. 

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE