Full Text:   <2352>

Summary:  <1652>

CLC number: TU525

On-line Access: 2020-12-12

Received: 2020-01-16

Revision Accepted: 2020-09-18

Crosschecked: 2020-11-17

Cited: 0

Clicked: 3532

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Min-jia Wang


He-dong Li


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2020 Vol.21 No.12 P.992-1007


Effects of nanoclay addition on the permeability and mechanical properties of ultra high toughness cementitious composites

Author(s):  Min-jia Wang, He-dong Li, Qiang Zeng, Qing-fen Chang, Xiu-shan Wang

Affiliation(s):  School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   lihedong@zstu.edu.cn, cengq14@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Nanoclay, Water permeability, Pore structure, Cementitious composites, Strain hardening

Min-jia Wang, He-dong Li, Qiang Zeng, Qing-fen Chang, Xiu-shan Wang. Effects of nanoclay addition on the permeability and mechanical properties of ultra high toughness cementitious composites[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2020, 21(12): 992-1007.

@article{title="Effects of nanoclay addition on the permeability and mechanical properties of ultra high toughness cementitious composites",
author="Min-jia Wang, He-dong Li, Qiang Zeng, Qing-fen Chang, Xiu-shan Wang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Effects of nanoclay addition on the permeability and mechanical properties of ultra high toughness cementitious composites
%A Min-jia Wang
%A He-dong Li
%A Qiang Zeng
%A Qing-fen Chang
%A Xiu-shan Wang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 21
%N 12
%P 992-1007
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2020
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A2000023

T1 - Effects of nanoclay addition on the permeability and mechanical properties of ultra high toughness cementitious composites
A1 - Min-jia Wang
A1 - He-dong Li
A1 - Qiang Zeng
A1 - Qing-fen Chang
A1 - Xiu-shan Wang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 21
IS - 12
SP - 992
EP - 1007
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2020
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A2000023

Tuning microstructures by adding nanoparticles is a promising way of improving the performance of cementitious composites. In this study, nanoclay was introduced to polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) fiber reinforced ultra high toughness cementitious composites (UHTCCs). The mechanical properties, crack patterns, water permeation resistance, and microstructures of UHTCCs with different dosages of nanoclay were studied. The addition of a proper dosage of nanoclay shows few effects on the compressive strength of UHTCCs, however, the compressive strength is decreased when an excessive amount of nanoclay is added. The flexural deformation capacity of UHTCCs is independent of nanoclay dosage, whereas the flexural strength generally decreases with an increasing dosage of nanoclay. Different cracking patterns were observed in the ultra high toughness cementitious composites containing nanoclay (NC-UHTCC) specimens subject to bending tests. A UHTCC with 1% (in weight) nanoclay shows the best water permeation resistance and the lowest water permeability. Variations in the mechanical properties and the water permeation resistance of UHTCCs containing different dosages of nanoclay could be ascribed to the synthetic effects of filling and heterogeneous nucleation of nanoclay at low dosages and the agglomeration effect of nanoclay at high dosages. This study is to optimize the water permeation resistance of UHTCCs, paving a path for the future application of UHTCCs in the fields of construction, decoration, and repair.


目的:1. 通过添加纳米级粘土以调节超高韧性水泥基复合材料(UHTCC)的微观结构,从而提高其抗渗性能. 2. 研究不同用量的纳米级粘土对UHTCC的力学性能、裂纹形态、孔结构、孔隙率及渗透性的影响规律,并阐释其抗渗机理.
创新点:1. 通过控制纳米级粘土的掺量,在不明显降低抗压强度的前提下,明显改善UHTCC的抗渗性能; 2. 通过综合分析孔结构、试件受弯裂缝和跨中挠度等,揭示粘土掺量对UHTCC的力学性能及抗渗性能的影响规律.
结论:1. 添加质量分数为1%的纳米级粘土对UHTCC的抗压强度几乎没有影响;超过该用量,材料的抗压强度将随粘土用量的增加而逐渐降低;当纳米级粘土的添加量从0%增加到6%时,弯曲强度从约10 MPa降低到约6 MPa,但所有UHTCC的最大跨中挠度基本相同,约为5 mm,说明适当掺量的纳米级粘土不会降低UHTCC的弯曲变形能力. 2. 添加了1%纳米级粘土的UHTCC的孔隙率最小(为31.75%),阈值孔径为183.13 nm,抗渗压力最大(为1.8 MPa),且渗透时间最大(为19 h);其优异的抗渗性能可归因于纳米级粘土的填充和异质形核效应. 3. 分散良好的纳米级粘土薄片使水分子渗透路径变得曲折,从而延长了渗水路程,但过量的纳米级粘土(>2%)会导致纳米团聚,并形成团簇缺陷,从而恶化抗渗性能.


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Allen AJ, Thomas JJ, Jennings HM, 2007. Composition and density of nanoscale calcium–silicate–hydrate in cement. Nature Materials, 6(4):311-316.

[2]Aly M, Hashmi MSJ, Olabi AG, et al., 2011. Effect of nano clay particles on mechanical, thermal and physical behaviours of waste-glass cement mortars. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 528(27):7991-7998.

[3]Amiri O, Aït-Mokhtar A, Sarhani M, 2005. Tri-dimensional modelling of cementitious materials permeability from polymodal pore size distribution obtained by mercury intrusion porosimetry tests. Advances in Cement Research, 17(1):39-45.

[4]AQSIQ (State General Administration of the People’s Republic of China for Quality Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine), 2005. Fly Ash Used for Cement and Concrete, GB/T 1596-2005. Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing, China (in Chinese).

[5]AQSIQ (State General Administration of the People’s Republic of China for Quality Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine), 2007. Common Portland Cement, GB175-2007. Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China, Beijing, China (in Chinese).

[6]Bastos G, Patiño-Barbeito F, Patiño-Cambeiro F, et al., 2016. Nano-inclusions applied in cement-matrix composites: a review. Materials, 9(12):1015.

[7]Calabria-Holley J, Papatzani S, Naden B, et al., 2017. Tailored montmorillonite nanoparticles and their behaviour in the alkaline cement environment. Applied Clay Science, 143: 67-75.

[8]Chang TP, Shih JY, Yang KM, et al., 2007. Material properties of Portland cement paste with nano-montmorillonite. Journal of Materials Science, 42(17):7478-7487.

[9]Chen XD, Wu SX, Zhou JK, 2014. Experimental study and analytical model for pore structure of hydrated cement paste. Applied Clay Science, 101:159-167.

[10]Fan LF, Wang LJ, Ma GW, et al., 2019. Enhanced compressive performance of concrete via 3D-printing reinforcement. Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE A (Applied Physics & Engineering), 20(9):675-684.

[11]Hakamy A, Shaikh FUA, Low IM, 2016. Effect of calcined nanoclay on the durability of NaOH treated hemp fabric-reinforced cement nanocomposites. Materials & Design, 92:659-666.

[12]Huang BT, Li QH, Xu SL, et al., 2019. Static and fatigue performance of reinforced concrete beam strengthened with strain-hardening fiber-reinforced cementitious composite. Engineering Structures, 199:109576.

[13]Jennings HM, 2008. Refinements to colloid model of C-S-H in cement: CM-II. Cement and Concrete Research, 38(3):275-289.

[14]Jin SS, Zhang JX, Han S, 2017. Fractal analysis of relation between strength and pore structure of hardened mortar. Construction and Building Materials, 135:1-7.

[15]Kafi MA, Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A, et al., 2016. Microstructural characterization and mechanical properties of cementitious mortar containing montmorillonite nanoparticles. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 28(12):04016155.

[16]Katz AJ, Thompson AH, 1986. Quantitative prediction of permeability in porous rock. Physical Review B, 34(11):8179-8181.

[17]Kuo WY, Huang JS, Yu BY, 2011. Evaluation of strengthening through stress relaxation testing of organo-modified montmorillonite reinforced cement mortars. Construction and Building Materials, 25(6):2771-2776.

[18]Leon y Leon CA, 1998. New perspectives in mercury porosimetry. Advances in Colloid and Interface Science, 76-77:341-372.

[19]Li HD, Xu SL, 2011. Determination of energy consumption in the fracture plane of ultra high toughness cementitious composite with direct tension test. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 78(9):1895-1905.

[20]Li KF, Zeng Q, Luo MY, et al., 2014. Effect of self-desiccation on the pore structure of paste and mortar incorporating 70% GGBS. Construction and Building Materials, 51: 329-337.

[21]Li QH, Huang BT, Xu SL, et al., 2016a. Compressive fatigue damage and failure mechanism of fiber reinforced cementitious material with high ductility. Cement and Concrete Research, 90:174-183.

[22]Li QH, Zhao X, Xu SL, et al., 2016b. Influence of steel fiber on dynamic compressive behavior of hybrid fiber ultra high toughness cementitious composites at different strain rates. Construction and Building Materials, 125:490-500.

[23]Li QH, Gao X, Xu SL, 2016c. Multiple effects of nano-SiO2 and hybrid fibers on properties of high toughness fiber reinforced cementitious composites with high-volume fly ash. Cement and Concrete Composites, 72:201-212.

[24]Li VC, Leung CKY, 1992. Steady-state and multiple cracking of short random fiber composites. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 118(11):2246-2264.

[25]Li VC, Obla KH, 1994. Effect of fiber length variation on tensile properties of carbon-fiber cement composites. Composites Engineering, 4(9):947-964.

[26]Liu W, Xu SL, Li QH, 2012. Experimental study on fracture performance of ultra-high toughness cementitious composites with J-integral. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 96:656-666.

[27]Mandelbrot BB, 1983. The Fractal Geometry of Nature. WH Freeman, New York, USA, p.14-20.

[28]MOC (Ministry of Construction of the People’s Republic of China), 2009. Standard for Test Method of Performance on Building Mortar, JGJ/T70-2009. MOC, Beijing, China (in Chinese).

[29]Morsy MS, Alsayed SH, Aqel M, 2011. Hybrid effect of carbon nanotube and nano-clay on physico-mechanical properties of cement mortar. Construction and Building Materials, 25(1):145-149.

[30]Nehdi ML, 2014. Clay in cement-based materials: critical overview of state-of-the-art. Construction and Building Materials, 51:372-382.

[31]Nielsen LE, 1967. Models for the permeability of filled polymer systems. Journal of Macromolecular Science: Part A-Chemistry, 1(5):929-942.

[32]Norhasri MSM, Hamidah MS, Fadzil AM, et al., 2016. Inclusion of nano metakaolin as additive in ultra high performance concrete (UHPC). Construction and Building Materials, 127:167-175.

[33]Norhasri MSM, Hamidah MS, Fadzil AM, 2017. Applications of using nano material in concrete: a review. Construction and Building Materials, 133:91-97.

[34]Norvell JK, Stewart JG, Juenger MC, et al., 2007. Influence of clays and clay-sized particles on concrete performance. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 19(12):1053-1059.

[35]Papatzani S, 2016. Effect of nanosilica and montmorillonite nanoclay particles on cement hydration and microstructure. Materials Science and Technology, 32(2):138-153.

[36]Salmas CE, Androutsopoulos GP, 2001. A novel pore structure tortuosity concept based on nitrogen sorption hysteresis data. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 40(2):721-730.

[37]Sanchez F, Sobolev K, 2010. Nanotechnology in concrete-a review. Construction and Building Materials, 24(11):2060-2071.

[38]Schneider CA, Rasband WS, Eliceiri KW, 2012. NIH Image to ImageJ: 25 years of image analysis. Nature Methods, 9(7):671-675.

[39]Shoukry H, Kotkata MF, Abo-el-Enein SA, et al., 2013. Flexural strength and physical properties of fiber reinforced nano metakaolin cementitious surface compound. Construction and Building Materials, 43:453-460.

[40]Tan B, Thomas NL, 2016. A review of the water barrier properties of polymer/clay and polymer/graphene nanocomposites. Journal of Membrane Science, 514:595-612.

[41]Tang SW, He Z, Cai XH, et al., 2017. Volume and surface fractal dimensions of pore structure by NAD and LT-DSC in calcium sulfoaluminate cement pastes. Construction and Building Materials, 143:395-418.

[42]Vervoort RW, Cattle SR, 2003. Linking hydraulic conductivity and tortuosity parameters to pore space geometry and pore-size distribution. Journal of Hydrology, 272(1-4):36-49.

[43]Wang RZ, Li DY, Wang XR, et al., 2019. A novel and convenient temperature dependent fracture strength model for the laminated ultra-high temperature ceramic composites. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 771:9-14.

[44]Wang ZD, Zeng Q, Wang L, et al., 2016. Characterizing frost damages of concrete with flatbed scanner. Construction and Building Materials, 102:872-883.

[45]Wei JQ, Meyer C, 2014. Sisal fiber-reinforced cement composite with Portland cement substitution by a combination of metakaolin and nanoclay. Journal of Materials Science, 49(21):7604-7619.

[46]Yan DM, Zeng Q, Xu SL, et al., 2016. Heterogeneous nucleation on concave rough surfaces: thermodynamic analysis and implications for nucleation design. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 120(19):10368-10380.

[47]Yu J, Li HD, Leung CKY, et al., 2017. Matrix design for waterproof engineered cementitious composites (ECCs). Construction and Building Materials, 139:438-446.

[48]Yu KQ, Yu JT, Dai JG, et al., 2018. Development of ultra-high performance engineered cementitious composites using polyethylene (PE) fibers. Construction and Building Materials, 158:217-227.

[49]Zeng Q, Li KF, 2015. Reaction and microstructure of cement– fly-ash system. Materials and Structures, 48(6):1703-1716.

[50]Zeng Q, Li KF, Fen-Chong T, et al., 2012. Determination of cement hydration and pozzolanic reaction extents for fly-ash cement pastes. Construction and Building Materials, 27(1):560-569.

[51]Zhang BQ, Li SF, 1995. Determination of the surface fractal dimension for porous media by mercury porosimetry. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 34(4):1383-1386.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE