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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.6 P.454-464


Effect of CO2 enrichment on the glucosinolate contents under different nitrogen levels in bolting stem of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra L.)

Author(s):  Gui-xiao LA, Ping FANG, Yi-bo TENG, Ya-juan LI, Xian-yong LIN

Affiliation(s):  Ministry of Education Key Lab of Environment Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental and Natural Resources Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zdpfang@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Carbon dioxide (CO2), Brassica alboglabra, Nitrogen (N), Growth, Bolting stem, Aliphatic glucosinolates, Indolyl glucosinolates, Carbon/nitrogen ratio (C/N), Nitrogen/sulfur ratio (N/S)

Gui-xiao LA, Ping FANG, Yi-bo TENG, Ya-juan LI, Xian-yong LIN. Effect of CO2 enrichment on the glucosinolate contents under different nitrogen levels in bolting stem of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra L.)[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(6): 454-464.

@article{title="Effect of CO2 enrichment on the glucosinolate contents under different nitrogen levels in bolting stem of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra L.)",
author="Gui-xiao LA, Ping FANG, Yi-bo TENG, Ya-juan LI, Xian-yong LIN",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Effect of CO2 enrichment on the glucosinolate contents under different nitrogen levels in bolting stem of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra L.)
%A Gui-xiao LA
%A Ping FANG
%A Yi-bo TENG
%A Ya-juan LI
%A Xian-yong LIN
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 10
%N 6
%P 454-464
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2009
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0820354

T1 - Effect of CO2 enrichment on the glucosinolate contents under different nitrogen levels in bolting stem of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra L.)
A1 - Gui-xiao LA
A1 - Ping FANG
A1 - Yi-bo TENG
A1 - Ya-juan LI
A1 - Xian-yong LIN
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 10
IS - 6
SP - 454
EP - 464
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2009
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0820354

The effects of CO2 enrichment on the growth and glucosinolate (GS) concentrations in the bolting stem of Chinese kale (Brassica alboglabra L.) treated with three nitrogen (N) concentrations (5, 10, and 20 mmol/L) were investigated. Height, stem thickness, and dry weights of the total aerial parts, bolting stems, and roots, as well as the root to shoot ratio, significantly increased as CO2 concentration was elevated from 350 to 800 μl/L at each N concentration. In the edible part of the bolting stem, 11 individual GSs were identified, including 7 aliphatic and 4 indolyl GSs. GS concentration was affected by the elevated CO2 concentration, N concentration, and CO2×N interaction. At 5 and 10 mmol N/L, the concentrations of aliphatic GSs and total GSs significantly increased, whereas those of indolyl GSs were not affected, by elevated atmospheric CO2. However, at 20 mmol N/L, elevated CO2 had no significant effects on the concentrations of total GSs and total indolyl GSs, but the concentrations of total aliphatic GSs significantly increased. Moreover, the bolting stem carbon (C) content increased, whereas the N and sulfur (S) contents decreased under elevated CO2 concentration in the three N treatments, resulting in changes in the C/N and N/S ratios. Also the C/N ratio is not a reliable predictor of change of GS concentration, while the changes in N and S contents and the N/S ratio at the elevated CO2 concentration may influence the GS concentration in Chinese kale bolting stems. The results demonstrate that high nitrogen supply is beneficial for the growth of Chinese kale, but not for the GS concentration in bolting stems, under elevated CO2 condition.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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