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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 1998 Vol.-1 No.-1 P.

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B2300355


Short neuropeptide F in integrated insect physiology


Author(s):  Marcin CHOLEWIŃ,SKI, Szymon CHOWAŃ,SKI, Jan LUBAWY, Arkadiusz URBAŃ,SKI, Karolina WALKOWIAK-NOWICKA, Paweł, MARCINIAK

Affiliation(s):  Department of Animal Physiology and Developmental Biology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań more

Corresponding email(s):   pmarcin@amu.edu.pl

Key Words:  Insect neuropeptides, Invertebrate neurobiology, Short neuropeptide F, sNPF, Feeding, Neurohormones


Marcin CHOLEWIŃSKI, Szymon CHOWAŃSKI, Jan LUBAWY, Arkadiusz URBAŃSKI, Karolina WALKOWIAK-NOWICKA, Paweł MARCINIAK. Short neuropeptide F in integrated insect physiology[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 1998, -1(-1): .

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Abstract: 
The short neuropeptide F (sNPF) family of peptides is a multifunctional group of neurohormones involved in the regulation of various physiological processes in insects. They have been found in a broad spectrum of species, but the number of isoforms in the precursor molecule varies from one to four. The receptor for sNPF (sNPFR), which belongs to the G protein-coupled receptor family, has been characterized in various insect orders and was shown to be an ortholog of the mammalian prolactin-releasing peptide receptor (PrPR). The sNPF signaling pathway interacts with other neurohormones such as insulin-like peptides, SIFamide and pigment dispersing factors (PDFs) to regulate various processes. The main physiological function of sNPF seems to be involvement in the regulation of feeding, but the observed effects are species specific. sNPF is also connected with the regulation of foraging behavior and the olfactory system. The influence of sNPF on feeding and thus energy metabolism may also indirectly affect other vital processes, such as reproduction and development. In addition, these neurohormones are involved in the regulation of locomotor activity and circadian rhythm in insects. This review summarizes the current state of knowledge about the sNPF system in insects.

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