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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 1998 Vol.-1 No.-1 P.

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B2300777


Promising protective treatment potential of endophytic bacterium Rhizobium aegyptiacum for ulcerative colitis in rats


Author(s):  Engy ELEKHNAWY, Duaa ELIWA, Sebaey MAHGOUB, Sameh MAGDELDIN, Ehssan MOGLAD, Sarah IBRAHIM, Asmaa Ramadan AZZAM, Rehab AHMED, Walaa A. NEGM

Affiliation(s):  Pharmaceutical Microbiology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta 31527, Egypt; more

Corresponding email(s):   engy.ali@pham.tanta.edu.eg, walaa.egm@pham.tanta.edu.eg

Key Words:  Inflammatory bowel syndrome, LC-MS/MS, SEM, Histology, Immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR


Engy ELEKHNAWY, Duaa ELIWA, Sebaey MAHGOUB, Sameh MAGDELDIN, Ehssan MOGLAD, Sarah IBRAHIM, Asmaa Ramadan AZZAM, Rehab AHMED, Walaa A. NEGM. Promising protective treatment potential of endophytic bacterium Rhizobium aegyptiacum for ulcerative colitis in rats[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 1998, -1(-1): .

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author="Engy ELEKHNAWY, Duaa ELIWA, Sebaey MAHGOUB, Sameh MAGDELDIN, Ehssan MOGLAD, Sarah IBRAHIM, Asmaa Ramadan AZZAM, Rehab AHMED, Walaa A. NEGM",
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publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
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%T Promising protective treatment potential of endophytic bacterium Rhizobium aegyptiacum for ulcerative colitis in rats
%A Engy ELEKHNAWY
%A Duaa ELIWA
%A Sebaey MAHGOUB
%A Sameh MAGDELDIN
%A Ehssan MOGLAD
%A Sarah IBRAHIM
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%A Walaa A. NEGM
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A1 - Engy ELEKHNAWY
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A1 - Sebaey MAHGOUB
A1 - Sameh MAGDELDIN
A1 - Ehssan MOGLAD
A1 - Sarah IBRAHIM
A1 - Asmaa Ramadan AZZAM
A1 - Rehab AHMED
A1 - Walaa A. NEGM
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B2300777


Abstract: 
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory condition of the intestine, resulting from an increase in oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators. In this study, the extract of endophytic bacteria Rhizobium aegyptiacum was prepared for the first time using liquid chromatography-mass spectroscopy. In addition, also for the first time, the protective potential of R. aegyptiacum was revealed using an in vivo rat model of UC. The animals were grouped into four categories: normal control (group I), R. aegyptiacum (group II), acetic acid (AA)-induced UC (group III), and R. aegyptiacum-treated AA-induced UC. In group IV, R. aegyptiacum was administered at 0.2 mg/kg daily for one week before and two weeks after the induction of UC. After sacrificing the rats on the last day of the experiment, colon tissues were collected and subjected to histological, immunohistochemical and biochemical investigations. There was a remarkable improvement in the histological findings of the colon tissues in group IV, as revealed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, Masson’s trichrome staining, and Periodic acid-Schiff staining. Normal mucosal surfaces covered with a straight, intact and thin brush border were revealed. Goblet cells appeared magenta in color, and there was a significant decrease in the distribution of collagen fibers in the mucosa and submucosal connective tissues. All these findings were comparable to the respective characteristics of the control group. Regarding cyclooxygenase-2 immunostaining, a weak immune reaction was shown in most cells. Moreover, the colon tissues were examined using a scanning electron microscope, which confirmed the results of histological assessment. A regular polygonal unit pattern was seen with crypt orifices of different sizes and numerous goblet cells. Furthermore, the levels of catalase (CAT), myeloperoxidase (MPO), nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interlukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined in the colonic tissues of the different groups using colorimetric and ELISA assays. In comparison with group III, group IV exhibited a significant rise (p < 0.05) in CAT level but a substantial decline (p < 0.05) in NO, MPO and inflammatory cytokine levels (IL-6 and IL-1β). Based on qRT-PCR, the tumor necrosis factor-alpha gene expression was upregulated in group III, which was significantly downregulated (p < 0.05) by treatment with R. aegyptiacum in group IV. On the contrary, the heme oxygenase-1 gene was substantially upregulated in group IV. Our findings imply that the oral consumption of R. aegyptiacum ameliorates AA-induced UC in rats by restoring and reestablishing the mucosal integrity, in addition to its anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Accordingly, R. aegyptiacum is potentially effective and beneficial in human UC therapy, which needs to be further investigated in future work.

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