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CLC number: TP391

On-line Access: 2013-07-05

Received: 2012-12-29

Revision Accepted: 2013-05-20

Crosschecked: 2013-06-06

Cited: 4

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE C 2013 Vol.14 No.7 P.477-485


A review of behavior mechanisms and crowd evacuation animation in emergency exercises

Author(s):  Gao-qi He, Yu Yang, Zhi-hua Chen, Chun-hua Gu, Zhi-geng Pan

Affiliation(s):  Department of Computer Science and Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   hegaoqi@ecust.edu.cn, chgu@ecust.edu.cn

Key Words:  Emergency exercises, Behavior mechanisms, Crowd evacuation animation, Collision avoidance

Gao-qi He, Yu Yang, Zhi-hua Chen, Chun-hua Gu, Zhi-geng Pan. A review of behavior mechanisms and crowd evacuation animation in emergency exercises[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science C, 2013, 14(7): 477-485.

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author="Gao-qi He, Yu Yang, Zhi-hua Chen, Chun-hua Gu, Zhi-geng Pan",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science C",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T A review of behavior mechanisms and crowd evacuation animation in emergency exercises
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%A Yu Yang
%A Zhi-hua Chen
%A Chun-hua Gu
%A Zhi-geng Pan
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.CIDE1301

T1 - A review of behavior mechanisms and crowd evacuation animation in emergency exercises
A1 - Gao-qi He
A1 - Yu Yang
A1 - Zhi-hua Chen
A1 - Chun-hua Gu
A1 - Zhi-geng Pan
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science C
VL - 14
IS - 7
SP - 477
EP - 485
%@ 1869-1951
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.CIDE1301

emergency exercises are an efficient approach for preventing serious damage and harm, including loss of life and property and a wide range of adverse social effects, during various public emergencies. Among various factors affecting the value of emergency exercises, including their design, development, conduct, evaluation, and improvement planning, this paper emphasizes the focal role of evacuees and their behavior. We address two concerns: What are the intrinsic reasons behind human behavior? How do we model and exhibit human behavior? We review studies investigating the mechanisms of psychological behavior and crowd evacuation animation. A comprehensive analysis of logical patterns of behavior and crowd evacuation is presented first. The interactive effects of information (objective and subjective), psychology (panic, small groups, and conflicting roles), and six kinds of behavior contribute to a more effective understanding of an emergency scene and assist in making scientific decisions. Based on these studies, a wide range of perspectives on crowd formation and evacuation animation models is summarized. collision avoidance is underlined as a special topic. Finally, this paper highlights some of the technical challenges and key questions to be addressed by future developments in this rapidly developing field.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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