Full Text:   <1819>

CLC number: R778

On-line Access: 

Received: 2006-02-20

Revision Accepted: 2006-05-29

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 0

Clicked: 4215

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2006 Vol.7 No.11 P.884-886


Spectacle correction of heterophoria in hyperopic amblyopic children

Author(s):  LIU Xi, LI Yu-min, LI Yang

Affiliation(s):  Ophthalmic Center, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yangli@ucalgary.ca

Key Words:  Heterophoria, Hyperopia, Amblyopia, Spectacles

LIU Xi, LI Yu-min, LI Yang. Spectacle correction of heterophoria in hyperopic amblyopic children[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2006, 7(11): 884-886.

@article{title="Spectacle correction of heterophoria in hyperopic amblyopic children",
author="LIU Xi, LI Yu-min, LI Yang",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Spectacle correction of heterophoria in hyperopic amblyopic children
%A LI Yu-min
%A LI Yang
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 7
%N 11
%P 884-886
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2006
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0884

T1 - Spectacle correction of heterophoria in hyperopic amblyopic children
A1 - LIU Xi
A1 - LI Yu-min
A1 - LI Yang
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 7
IS - 11
SP - 884
EP - 886
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2006
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2006.B0884

Objective: To test the effects of corrective spectacles in hyperopic amblyopic children with heterophoria. Methods: Visual acuity, refraction and the amount of heterophoria on near (33 cm) fixation were measured before and after 3 weeks of spectacle-wearing in 30 hyperopic amblyopic children with heterophoria. The control group consisted of 20 emmetropic children age-matched to the patients. Results: Uncorrected eyes displayed hyperopic amblyopia accompanied by heterophoria. Corrective spectacles not only attenuated the hyperopia and amblyopia, but also changed the heterophoria to orthophoria. The amount of heterophoria before wearing spectacles was significantly different from that in emmetropic children; but after correction with spectacles, it was the same as that in the emmetropic controls. Conclusion: Correction with spectacles is effective for the treatment of heterophoria in hyperopic children with amblyopia.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1] Campbell, F.W., Green, D.G., 1965. Monocular versus binocular visual acuity. Nature, 208:191-192.

[2] Duke-Elder, S., Wybar, K., 1973. Ocular Motility and Strabismus. In: Duke-Elder, S. (Ed.), System of Ophthalmology. Henry Kimpton, London, p.543, 547.

[3] Hasebe, S., Nonaka, F., Ohtsuki, H., 2005. Accuracy of accommodation in heterophoric patients: testing an interaction model in a large clinical sample. Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt., 25(6):582-591.

[4] Heravian, J.S., Jenkins, T.C., Douthwaite, W.A., 1990. Binocular summation in visually evoked responses and visual acuity. Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt., 10(3):257-261.

[5] Ingram, R.M., 1977. Refraction as a basis for screening children for squint and amblyopia. Br. J. Ophthalmol., 61(1):8-15.

[6] Ingram, R.M., Walker, C., Wilson, J.M., Arnold, P.E., Dally, S., 1986. Prediction of amblyopia and squint by means of refraction at age 1 year. Br. J. Ophthalmol., 70(1):12-15.

[7] Ingram, R.M., Arnold, P.E., Dally, S., Lucas, J., 1990. Results of a randomised trial of treating abnormal hypermetropia from the age of 6 months. Br. J. Ophthalmol., 74(3):158-159.

[8] Lepard, C.W., 1975. Comparative changes in the error of refraction between fixing and amblyopic eyes during growth and development. Am. J. Ophthalmol., 80(3 Pt 2):485-490.

[9] Mittelman, D., 2003. Amblyopia. Pediatr. Clin. North Am., 50(1):189-196.

[10] Nastri, G., Perugini, G.C., Svastano, S., Polzella, A., Sbordone, G., 1984. The evolution of refraction in the fixing and the amblyopic eye. Doc. Ophthalmol., 56(3):265-274.

[11] Schor, C., 1999. The influence of interactions between accommodation and convergence on the lag of accommodation. Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt., 19(2):134-150.

[12] Sheedy, J.E., Saladin, J.J., 1978. Association of symptoms with measures of oculomotor deficiencies. Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt., 55(10):670-676.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE