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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2009 Vol.10 No.3 P.439-449


Investigation of migration of pollutant at the base of Suzhou Qizishan landfill without a liner system

Author(s):  Hai-jian XIE, Yun-min CHEN, Liang-tong ZHAN, Ren-peng CHEN, Xiao-wu TANG, Ru-hai CHEN, Han KE

Affiliation(s):  MOE Key Laboratory of Soft Soils and Geoenvironmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   chenyunmin@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Uncontrolled landfill, Field investigation, Contaminant migration, Soil contamination, Heavy metals, Organic contaminants, Chloride

Hai-jian XIE, Yun-min CHEN, Liang-tong ZHAN, Ren-peng CHEN, Xiao-wu TANG, Ru-hai CHEN, Han KE. Investigation of migration of pollutant at the base of Suzhou Qizishan landfill without a liner system[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2009, 10(3): 439-449.

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journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T Investigation of migration of pollutant at the base of Suzhou Qizishan landfill without a liner system
%A Hai-jian XIE
%A Yun-min CHEN
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T1 - Investigation of migration of pollutant at the base of Suzhou Qizishan landfill without a liner system
A1 - Hai-jian XIE
A1 - Yun-min CHEN
A1 - Liang-tong ZHAN
A1 - Ren-peng CHEN
A1 - Xiao-wu TANG
A1 - Ru-hai CHEN
A1 - Han KE
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A0820299

We investigated migration of pollutant at the base of the Suzhou landfill after it had been operated for 13 years. The investigation was carried out by performing chemical analyses on the soil samples taken from the silty clay deposit. Concentrations of chloride, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and the heavy metals in the soil samples were determined using the standard methods. The experimental data showed that the maximum migration depth of chloride was more than 10 m, while the maximum migration depth of COD varied between 1 and 3.5 m. It is believed that the difference is attributed to the variation in diffusion rate and leachate-soil interaction. The chloride profiles also indicated that advection may be the dominant contaminant transport mechanism at this site. The total contents of Cu, Pb and Cr are very close to the background levels and the concentration values of these metals mainly are lower than the threshold values specified by the Chinese soil quality standard and the European one. The water-extractable concentrations of COD in the surface of the silty clay generally exceed the limit value specified by the Chinese standard. The concentrations of copper and chromium in pore water are 1~2 orders of magnitude less than the total concentrations of these heavy metals within the soils, implying that heavy metals are mainly adsorbed by the soil particles. Finally, remediation methods were suggested for this landfill site.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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