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CLC number: U491.2

On-line Access: 2011-08-02

Received: 2010-12-25

Revision Accepted: 2011-04-22

Crosschecked: 2011-07-14

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2011 Vol.12 No.8 P.645-654


Car-following theory of steady-state traffic flow using time-to-collision

Author(s):  Sheng Jin, Zhi-yi Huang, Peng-fei Tao, Dian-hai Wang

Affiliation(s):  College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China, College of Traffic and Transportation, Jilin University, Changchun 130022, China

Corresponding email(s):   jinsheng@zju.edu.cn, wangdianhai@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Non-lane-based, Visual angle, Time-to-collision (TTC), Flow-density curve

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Sheng Jin, Zhi-yi Huang, Peng-fei Tao, Dian-hai Wang. Car-following theory of steady-state traffic flow using time-to-collision[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2011, 12(8): 645-654.

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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1000518

The conventional car-following theory is based on the assumption that vehicles will travel along the center line of lanes. However, according to the field survey data, in complex traffic conditions, a lateral separation between the leader and the follower frequently occurs. Accordingly, by taking lateral separation into account, we redefined the equation of time-to-collision (TTC) using visual angle information. Based on the stimulus-response framework, TTC was introduced into the basic General Motors (GM) model as a stimulus, and a non-lane-based car-following model of steady-state traffic flow was developed. The property of flow-density relationship was further investigated after integrating the proposed car-following model with different parameters. The results imply that the property of steady-state traffic flow and the capacity of each lane are highly relevant to the microscopic staggered car-following behavior, and the proposed model significantly enhances the practicality of the human driving behavior model.

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