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Hongyan Ma


Bowen Tan


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2020 Vol.21 No.2 P.118-128


Durability of calcium sulfoaluminate cement concrete

Author(s):  Bowen Tan, Monday U. Okoronkwo, Aditya Kumar, Hongyan Ma

Affiliation(s):  Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, MO 65401, USA; more

Corresponding email(s):   mahon@mst.edu

Key Words:  Calcium sulfoaluminate cement (CSAC), Durability, Carbonation, Chloride, Steel corrosion

Bowen Tan, Monday U. Okoronkwo, Aditya Kumar, Hongyan Ma. Durability of calcium sulfoaluminate cement concrete[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2020, 21(2): 118-128.

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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1900588

T1 - Durability of calcium sulfoaluminate cement concrete
A1 - Bowen Tan
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A1 - Aditya Kumar
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calcium sulfoaluminate cement (CSAC), first developed in China in the 1970s, has received significant attention because of its expansive (or shrinkage-compensating) and rapid-hardening characteristics, low energy-intensity, and low carbon emissions. The production and hydration of CSAC (containing ye’elimite, belite, calcium sulfate, and minors) have been extensively studied, but aspects of its durability are not well understood. Due to its composition and intrinsic characteristics, CSAC concrete is expected to have better performance than Portland cement (PC) concrete in several aspects, including shrinkage and cracking due to restrained shrinkage, freeze-thaw damage, alkali-silica reaction, and sulfate attack. However, there is a lack of consensus among researchers regarding transport properties, resistance to carbonation, and steel corrosion protectiveness of CSAC concrete, all of which are expected to be tied to the chemical composition of CSAC and attributes of the service environments. For example, CASC concrete has poorer resistance to carbonation and chloride penetration compared with its PC counterpart, yet some studies have suggested that it protects steel rebar well from corrosion when exposed to a marine tidal zone, because of a strong self-desiccation effect. This paper presents a succinct review of studies of the durability of CSAC concrete. We suggest that more such studies should be conducted to examine the long-term performance of the material in different service environments. Special emphasis should be given to carbonation and steel rebar corrosion, so as to reveal the underlying deterioration mechanisms and establish means to improve the performance of CSAC concrete against such degradation processes.

Durability of CSAC has not been widely studied, although many publications have been devoted to the production and hydration of this alternative cement. This succinct review perhaps has dug out all durability studies about CSAC, including pore structure and transport properties, shrinkage and cracking, freeze-that, sulfate attack, alkali-silica reaction, carbonation and steel corrosion. It summarizes the state-of-the-art as well as needs for future research. This article is clearly structured and well-written.


概要:由于组分特征的不同,硫铝酸钙水泥混凝土在一些方面天然优于硅酸盐水泥,如收缩和收缩裂缝控制及对冻融破坏、碱骨料反应和硫酸盐侵蚀的抵抗作用. 然而,学界在硫铝酸盐水泥混凝土的传输性能、抗碳化性能及钢筋腐蚀防护性能等方面尚未达成一致意见. 这些分歧皆归因于硫铝酸钙水泥化学组分及服役环境条件的变异性. 一些研究发现,有的硫铝酸钙水泥混凝土虽然抵抗碳化和氯离子侵蚀的能力不如硅酸盐混凝土,但强烈的内部自干燥使其可以在海洋潮汐环境中很好地保护混凝土结构中的钢筋.
关键词:硫铝酸钙水泥; 耐久性; 碳化; 氯离子; 钢筋 锈蚀

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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