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On-line Access: 2021-12-15

Received: 2021-05-02

Revision Accepted: 2021-07-19

Crosschecked: 2021-11-23

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Hong-fang Lu

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5172-9008

Xin Ma

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7847-911X

Min-da Ma

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5533-656X

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2021 Vol.22 No.12 P.941-956

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A2100205


Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the energy sector


Author(s):  Hong-fang Lu, Xin Ma, Min-da Ma

Affiliation(s):  China-Pakistan Belt and Road Joint Laboratory on Smart Disaster Prevention of Major Infrastructures, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   luhongfang@seu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Energy sector, Energy policy, Clean energy transition, Bioenergy, Battery, Electrolyzer


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Hong-fang Lu, Xin Ma, Min-da Ma. Impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the energy sector[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2021, 22(12): 941-956.

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Abstract: 
The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has had a considerable impact on every industrial sector. As a pillar of economic development, the energy sector is experiencing difficult times during the global pandemic. This paper reviews the impact of the pandemic on the global energy sector in terms of demand, price, employment, government policy, countermeasures, and academic research, and focuses on the two largest energy countries in the world: China and the United States. Although the virus has dramatically impacted the energy sector, action to address climate issues has not been suspended, but has become more urgent than ever. Experts have pointed out that it is time to promote the transition to clean energy vigorously. Thus, here we discuss progress towards clean energy transition, including bioenergy, mineral resources for clean energy techniques, batteries, and electrolyzers. The results indicate that supply chain stability, energy storage, and policymaking during the epidemic period and post-epidemic period are significant challenges for the transition to clean energy. However, the transition can also bring new opportunities for employment, economic recovery, and the human living environment.

新型冠状病毒大流行对能源领域的影响

目的:2019新型冠状病毒(COVID-19)的爆发对每个工业领域都产生了巨大影响.作为经济发展的支柱,能源领域在全球大流行病期间正经历困难时期.本文从需求、价格、就业、政策、对策和学术研究等方面回顾了新冠病毒大流行对全球能源领域的影响,并重点关注了世界上两个最大的能源国家:中国和美国.
创新点:1. 总结新冠病毒大流行对能源各个方面的影响.2. 分析新能源转型中的发展方向、挑战和机遇.
方法:1. 通过文献搜索和调研,最终筛选出53篇文献(论文、报告、网络资源等).2. 提取文献中的信息和数据从而得出结论.
结论:1. 疫情期间和后疫情时期之后的供应链稳定、能源储存和决策是向清洁能源过渡的重大挑战.2. 能源转型也可以为就业、经济复苏和人类生活环境带来新的机会.

关键词:2019新型冠状病毒肺炎;能源领域;能源政策;清洁能源转型;生物能源;电池;电解槽

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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