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On-line Access: 2022-05-23

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 ORCID:

Tung-chai LING

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8276-5212

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2022 Vol.23 No.5 P.335-357

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.A2100476


Recycling Bayer and sintering red muds in brick production: a review


Author(s):  Yu-jia XIAO, Michelle TIONG, Kim Hung MO, Ming-zhi GUO, Tung-chai LING

Affiliation(s):  College of Civil Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   tcling@hnu.edu.cn, tcling611@yahoo.com

Key Words:  Bauxite residue, Red mud (RM), Firing brick, Cementing brick, Geopolymer brick, Construction materials


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Yu-jia XIAO, Michelle TIONG, Kim Hung MO, Ming-zhi GUO, Tung-chai LING. Recycling Bayer and sintering red muds in brick production: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2022, 23(5): 335-357.

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Abstract: 
red mud (RM) is a solid waste generated from the extraction of alumina from bauxite. It is estimated that more than 1.5 billion tonnes of RM are produced annually worldwide. Stockpiling and landfilling of RM is toxic for the environment due to the presence of high quantities of alkali-generating minerals and metal ions. The high cost of RM treatment and limited land availability encourage the recycling and reuse of RM as construction materials. In many developing countries, brick remains the ubiquitous building material. Thus, it is reasonable to use brick as a medium to accommodate a large amount of RM. In this review, the properties of RM are analyzed and their applications in bricks are discussed. Two common types of RM, namely Bayer red mud (BRM) and sintering red mud (SRM), are introduced along with the methods to produce bricks from them through firing, cementing, and geopolymerization. High alkaline-based BRM is particularly useful as a raw material to produce fired brick and geopolymer brick, whereas SRM, which contains more dicalcium silicate (C2S) and some cementitious phases, can be favorably used to produce cementing brick. RM geopolymer brick normally has more strength (up to 51 MPa) than fired and cementing bricks, and good durability (no efflorescence) with low energy consumption and CO2 emissions. Finally, several solutions have been suggested to resolve the issue of the radioactivity of RM brick, and strict regulation of its application has been imposed in some countries, such as China.

综述:拜耳法和烧结法赤泥在砖块产业中的回收利用现状

作者:肖玉佳1,张敏1,巫金恒2,郭明志3,林忠财1
机构:1湖南大学,土木工程学院,中国长沙,410082;2马来亚大学,工程学院,土木工程系,马来西亚吉隆坡,50603;3河海大学,力学与材料学院,中国南京,210098
创新点:清晰地展示了目前赤泥砖块的三大类型,并通过对不同砖块的性能进行对比讨论,提出了各类砖块存在的优缺点和未来的发展趋势。
方法:1.分析赤泥的物理化学特性,并将其按照生产方式分为拜法耳赤泥(BRM)和烧结法赤泥(SRM)(图2);2.将砖块按照生产方法分为烧结砖,水泥砖和地聚砖(表9);3.分别讨论两种赤泥应用于三种砖块的生产研究现状。
结论:1.高碱性的BRM特别适合用来生产烧结砖和地聚砖;SRM含有一些胶凝物相和较多的硅酸二钙,具有一定的水化活性,因此适合用来生产水泥砖。2.赤泥生产的地聚砖因强度较高(可达51MPa)、耐久性较好(无风化)、能耗低、二氧化碳排放少等优点,成为未来赤泥回收利用的一大潜力研究方向。

关键词:铝土矿残渣;赤泥;烧结砖;水泥砖;地聚砖;建筑材料

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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