Full Text:   <2387>

CLC number: R51; R392; Q291; TP391

On-line Access: 2010-04-28

Received: 2010-01-13

Revision Accepted: 2010-03-30

Crosschecked: 2010-04-20

Cited: 7

Clicked: 5544

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

-   Go to

Article info.
1. Reference List
Open peer comments

Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2010 Vol.11 No.5 P.366-377

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1000020


A microarray analysis of early activated pathways in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis


Author(s):  Qing-yi Cao, Feng Chen, Jie Li, Shan-shan Wu, Jing Wang, Zhi Chen

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, China

Corresponding email(s):   zju.zhichen@gmail.com

Key Words:  Concanavalin A, Fulminant hepatitis, Microarray, Expression profile, Pathway analysis


Qing-yi Cao, Feng Chen, Jie Li, Shan-shan Wu, Jing Wang, Zhi Chen. A microarray analysis of early activated pathways in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2010, 11(5): 366-377.

@article{title="A microarray analysis of early activated pathways in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis",
author="Qing-yi Cao, Feng Chen, Jie Li, Shan-shan Wu, Jing Wang, Zhi Chen",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
volume="11",
number="5",
pages="366-377",
year="2010",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/jzus.B1000020"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T A microarray analysis of early activated pathways in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis
%A Qing-yi Cao
%A Feng Chen
%A Jie Li
%A Shan-shan Wu
%A Jing Wang
%A Zhi Chen
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 11
%N 5
%P 366-377
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2010
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1000020

TY - JOUR
T1 - A microarray analysis of early activated pathways in concanavalin A-induced hepatitis
A1 - Qing-yi Cao
A1 - Feng Chen
A1 - Jie Li
A1 - Shan-shan Wu
A1 - Jing Wang
A1 - Zhi Chen
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 11
IS - 5
SP - 366
EP - 377
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2010
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1000020


Abstract: 
Objective: To explore the mechanisms of fulminant hepatitis (FH) in the early stages, and to determine the critical pathways in its initiation and progression. Methods: Twelve BALB/c mice were divided into four groups: one group left as negative control and sacrificed immediately after injection of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and another three groups with concanavalin A (Con A) administration sacrificed at 1, 3, and 6 h after injection. Affymetrix GeneChip® Mouse 430 2.0 Array was employed to evaluate the expression profile of each of the 12 samples. Further analysis was done on the microarray data to extract the genes that were differentially expressed. Enrichment analysis was carried out to determine relevant pathways within which regulated genes were significantly enriched. Results: A total of 393, 8354 and 11 344 differentially expressed genes were found, respectively, at three time points. During 0–1 h and 1–3 h, most of the pathways enriched with regulated genes were related to immune response and inflammation, among which Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling appeared during both phases, while cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, apoptosis, T cell receptor signaling, and natural killer (NK) cell-mediated cytotoxicity pathways emerged during the second phase. Pathways found to be significant during 3–6 h were mostly related to metabolic processes. Conclusion: The TLR signaling pathway dominates the early responses of Con A-induced FH in mice. It stimulates the production of type I cytokines, therefore recruiting and activating T/NK cells. Activated T/NK cells exert their cytotoxicity on hepatocytes through inducing death receptor-intermediated apoptosis, resulting in liver injury.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]Ashburner, M., Ball, C.A., Blake, J.A., Botstein, D., Butler, H., Cherry, J.M., Davis, A.P., Dolinski, K., Dwight, S.S., Eppig, J.T., et al., 2000. Gene ontology: tool for the unification of biology. Nat. Gene., 25(1):25-29.

[2]Crispe, I.N., 2009. The liver as a lymphoid organ. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 27(1):147-163.

[3]Deyholos, M.K., Galbraith, D.W., 2001. High-density microarrays for gene expression analysis. Cytometry, 43(4):229-238.

[4]Ding, W.X., Yin, X.M., 2004. Dissection of the multiple mechanisms of TNF-α-induced apoptosis in liver injury. J. Cell. Mol. Med., 8(4):445-454.

[5]Eisen, M.B., Spellman, P.T., Brown, P.O., Botstein, D., 1998. Cluster analysis and display of genome-wide expression patterns. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 95(25):14863-14868.

[6]Gao, L.F., Liu, J.Y., Tang, H.M., Xiao, W.J., 2002. Effect of Con A on macrophage activity. Chin. J. Cell Mol. Immunol., 18(2):104-106 (in Chinese).

[7]Hatano, E., 2007. Tumor necrosis factor signaling in hepatocyte apoptosis. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol., 22(S1):S43-S44.

[8]Huang, D.W., Sherman, B.T., Lempicki, R.A., 2009. Systematic and integrative analysis of large gene lists using DAVID Bioinformatics Resources. Nature Protoc., 4(1):44-57.

[9]Ichai, P., Samuel, D., 2008. Etiology and prognosis of fulminant hepatitis in adults. Liver Transpl., 14(S2):S67-S79.

[10]Irizarry, R.A., Bol, B.M., Collin, F., Cope, L.M., Hobbs, B., Speed, T.P., 2003. Summaries of Affymetrix GeneChip probe level data. Nucleic Acids Res., 31(4):e15.

[11]Kanehisa, M., Goto, S., Furumichi, M., Tanabe, M., Hirakawa, M., 2010. KEGG for representation and analysis of molecular networks involving diseases and drugs. Nucleic Acids Res., 38(database):D355-D360.

[12]Kaneko, Y., Harada, M., Kawano, T., Yamashita, M., Shibata, Y., Gejyo, F., Nakayama, T., Taniguchi, M., 2000. Augmentation of Valpha14 NKT cell-mediated cytotoxicity by interleukin 4 in an autocrine mechanism resulting in the development of concanavalin A-induced hepatitis. J. Exp. Med., 191(1):105-114.

[13]Lauzon, N.M., Mian, F., MacKenzie, R., Ashkar, A.A., 2006. The direct effects of Toll-like receptor ligands on human NK cell cytokine production and cytotoxicity. Cell. Immunol., 241(2):102-112.

[14]Leifeld, L., Dumoulin, F.L., Purr, I., Janberg, K., Trautwein, C., Wolff, M., Manns, M.P., Sauerbruch, T., Spenfler, U., 2003. Early up-regulation of chemokine expression in fulminant hepatic failure. J. Pathol., 199(3):335-344.

[15]Liang, T.J., 2009. Hepatitis B: the virus and disease. Hepatology, 49(S5):S13-S21.

[16]Miyazawa, Y., Tsutsui, H., Mizhhara, H., Fujiware, H., Kaneda, K., 1998. In development of intrasinusoidal hemostasis in the development of concanavalin A-induced hepatic injury in mice. Hepatology, 27(2):497-506.

[17]Ning, Q., Yang, D.L., Luo, X.P., Hao, L.J., Levy, G., 2002. Fulminant viral hepatitis: mice model and its clinical implications. Chin. J. Hepatol., 10(3):224-226 (in Chinese).

[18]Preiss, S., Thompson, A., Chen, C., Rodgers, S., Markovska, V., Desmond, P., Visvanathan, K., Li, K., Locarnini, S., Revill, P., 2008. Characterization of the innate immune signaling pathways in hepatocyte cell lines. J. Viral Hepat., 15(12):888-900.

[19]Seki, E., Brenner, D.A., 2008. Toll-like receptors and adaptor molecules in liver disease: update. Hepatology, 48(1):322-325.

[20]Song, E., Lee, S.K., Wang, J., Ince, N., Ouyang, N., Min, J., Chen, J., Shankar, P., Lieberman, J., 2003. RNA interference targeting Fas protects mice from fulminant hepatitis. Nat. Med., 9(3):347-351.

[21]Sorrell, M.F., Belongia, E.A., Costa, J., Gareen, I.F., Grem, J.L., Inodomi, J.M., Kern, E.R., Mchugh, J.A., Petersen, G.M., Rein, M.F., et al., 2009. National Institutes of Health consensus development conference statement: management of hepatitis B. Ann. Intern. Med., 150(2):104-110.

[22]Tan, X.F., Chen, F., Wu, S.S., Shi, Y., Liu, D.C., Chen, Z., 2010. Proteomic analysis of differentially expressed proteins in mice with concanavalin A-induced hepatitis. J. Zhejiang Univ.-Sci. B (Biomed. & Biotechnol.), 11(3):221-226.

[23]Testro, A.G., Visvanathan, K., 2009. Toll-like receptors and their role in gastrointestinal disease. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol., 24(6):943-954.

[24]Tiegs, G., Hentschel, J., Wendel, A., 1992. A T cell-dependent experimental liver injury in mice inducible by concanavalin A. J. Clin. Invest., 90(1):196-203.

[25]Tusher, V.G., Tibshirani, R., Chu, G., 2001. Significance analysis of microarrays applied to the ionizing radiation response. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 98(9):5116-5121.

[26]Wang, Y.M., Tang, Y.Z., 2009. Antiviral therapy for hepatitis B virus associated hepatic failure. Hepatobiliary Pancreat. Dis. Int., 8(1):17-24.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE