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CLC number: Q343.1

On-line Access: 2012-06-06

Received: 2011-11-04

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2012 Vol.13 No.6 P.452-464


Genomic organization and sequence dynamics of the AvrPiz-t locus in Magnaporthe oryzae

Author(s):  Ping Li, Bin Bai, Hong-yan Zhang, Heng Zhou, Bo Zhou

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory Breeding Base for Zhejiang Sustainable Pest and Disease Control, Institute of Virology and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   bzhzd@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Magnaporthe oryzae, Synteny, Transposon complex, Dynamics, Recombination

Ping Li, Bin Bai, Hong-yan Zhang, Heng Zhou, Bo Zhou. Genomic organization and sequence dynamics of the AvrPiz-t locus in Magnaporthe oryzae[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2012, 13(6): 452-464.

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author="Ping Li, Bin Bai, Hong-yan Zhang, Heng Zhou, Bo Zhou",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T Genomic organization and sequence dynamics of the AvrPiz-t locus in Magnaporthe oryzae
%A Ping Li
%A Bin Bai
%A Hong-yan Zhang
%A Heng Zhou
%A Bo Zhou
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 13
%N 6
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%D 2012
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1100338

T1 - Genomic organization and sequence dynamics of the AvrPiz-t locus in Magnaporthe oryzae
A1 - Ping Li
A1 - Bin Bai
A1 - Hong-yan Zhang
A1 - Heng Zhou
A1 - Bo Zhou
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 13
IS - 6
SP - 452
EP - 464
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2012
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1100338

Plants utilize multiple layers of defense mechanisms to fight against the invasion of diverse pathogens. The R gene mediates resistance, in most cases, dependent on the co-existence of its cognate pathogen-derived avirulence (Avr) gene. The rice blast R gene Piz-t corresponds in gene-for-gene fashion to the Magnaporthe oryzae Avr gene AvrPiz-t. In this study, we determined and compared the genomic sequences surrounding the AvrPiz-t gene in both avirulent and virulent isolates, designating as AvrPiz-t-ZB15 and avrPiz-t-70-15 regions, respectively. The sequence of the AvrPiz-t-ZB15 region is 120966 bp whereas avrPiz-t-70-15 is 146292 bp in length. The extreme sequence similarity and good synteny in gene order and content along with the absence of two predicted genes in the avrPiz-t-70-15 region were observed in the predicted protein-coding regions in the AvrPiz-t locus. Nevertheless, frequent presence/absence and highly dynamic organization of transposable elements (TEs) were identified, representing the major variation of the AvrPiz-t locus between different isolates. Moreover, TEs constitute 27.3% and 43.2% of the genomic contents of the AvrPiz-t-ZB15 and avrPiz-t-70-15 regions, respectively, indicating that TEs contribute largely to the organization and evolution of AvrPiz-t locus. The findings of this study suggest that M. oryzae could benefit in an evolutionary sense from the presence of active TEs in genes conferring avirulence and provide an ability to rapidly change and thus to overcome host R genes.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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