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Suppl. Mater.: 

CLC number: R782.2

On-line Access: 2017-10-05

Received: 2016-08-11

Revision Accepted: 2017-02-19

Crosschecked: 2017-09-13

Cited: 0

Clicked: 4332

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Rui Wang

http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9852-1247

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2017 Vol.18 No.10 P.845-853

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B1600358


Nominal effective immunoreaction volume of magnetic beads at single bead level


Author(s):  Rui Wang, Yuan Chen, Kai Fan, Feng Ji, Jian Wu, Yong-hua Yu

Affiliation(s):  College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   yhyu@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Nominal effective immunoreaction volume (NEIV), Immunomagnetic bead, Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), Bead diameter, Mixing mode


Rui Wang, Yuan Chen, Kai Fan, Feng Ji, Jian Wu, Yong-hua Yu. Nominal effective immunoreaction volume of magnetic beads at single bead level[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2017, 18(10): 845-853.

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author="Rui Wang, Yuan Chen, Kai Fan, Feng Ji, Jian Wu, Yong-hua Yu",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
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Abstract: 
immunomagnetic bead (IMB)-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been the tool frequently used for protein detection in research and clinical laboratories. For most ELISA reactions the recommended dosage of IMBs is usually according to their weight (mg) or mass fraction (w/v) instead of the bead number. Consequently, the processes occurring in the immediate vicinity of the IMBs have always been ignored by researchers and they cannot be revealed in detail during the ELISA reaction. In this paper, we established the relationship between number of IMBs and colorimetric results, and further proposed a new concept of “nominal effective immunoreaction volume (NEIV)” to characterize a single IMB during ELISA reaction. Results showed that the NEIV of a single IMB has a constant value, which is unrelated to the amount of beads and the concentration of antigen. Optimal results of the colorimetric ELISA are achieved when the incubation volume meets each IMB’s NEIV and is no longer enhanced by increasing the incubation volume. Thus, the reliable and relatively precise number of IMBs for ELISA detection during practical application could be determined. Most importantly, a study using IMB’s NEIV would lay the foundation for a kinetics analysis of IMBs and antigens for future study.

在单个磁珠的水平上探究磁珠的有效免疫反应体积

目的:通过探究单个磁珠的有效免疫反应体积(NEIV),在微观水平上揭示磁珠的免疫反应过程,为大体积样本检测过程中磁珠的用量提供理论指导。
创新点:首次提出"单个磁珠的有效免疫反应体积"这一概念,提出在微观水平上对磁珠免疫反应进行探究,为进一步研究磁珠-抗原免疫反应的动力学过程打下基础。
方法:首先,采用两种直径的磁珠对50 µl不同浓度的抗原进行比色检测,证明磁珠上抗原的结合位点过量。随后,采用定量磁珠对相同浓度不同体积的抗原进行检测,得出"单个磁珠的有效免疫反应体积"这一概念。接着,采用三种不同用量的磁珠对浓度相同、体积梯度增大的抗原进行检测,以验证所提出的NEIV的概念。然后,通过测定孵育时长、孵育温度和震荡与否对比色结果的影响,找到对NEIV影响的关键因素。最后采用定量磁珠,对梯度稀释的抗原进行检测,建立磁珠用量与比色结果的关系,对NEIV的实际应用提出展望。
结论:对于同一直径的磁珠,在相同的孵育条件下,其单个磁珠的NEIV是恒定的,与磁珠用量和孵育体积无关。孵育温度、孵育时长和震荡与否是影响NEIV值的关键因素。采用NEIV这一参数可以在大体积样本检测之前,对磁珠的用量模拟提供有效指导。除此之外,NEIV更从微观角度上揭示了磁珠和抗原的免疫反应过程,为进一步研究磁珠-抗原免疫反应的动力学过程奠定了基础。

关键词:单个磁珠有效免疫反应体积(NEIV);免疫磁珠;酶联免疫吸附测定(ELISA);磁珠直径;孵育方式

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[22]List of electronic supplementary materials

[23]Fig. S1 Principle of EDC-NHS method for antibody modification of magnetic beads

[24]Fig. S2 Principle of IMB-based ELISA assay for PSA antigen detection

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