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Bio-Design and Manufacturing  2021 Vol.4 No.2 P.379-404

http://doi.org/10.1007/s42242-020-00106-3


Synthesis methods of functionalized nanoparticles: a review


Author(s):  Niyou Wang, Jerry Ying Hsi Fuh, S. Thameem Dheen & A. Senthil Kumar

Affiliation(s):  Department of Mechanical Engineering, National University of Singapore, 9 Engineering Drive 1, #07-08 Block EA, Singapore 117575, Singapore; more

Corresponding email(s):   asenthil@nus.edu.sg

Key Words:  Nanoparticles, Single synthesis methods, Biosynthesis methods, Combined synthesis methods, Processing parameters


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Niyou Wang, Jerry Ying Hsi Fuh, S. Thameem Dheen & A. Senthil Kumar. Synthesis methods of functionalized nanoparticles: a review[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science D, 2021, 4(2): 379-404.

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Abstract: 
With the recent advancement in nanotechnology, nanoparticles (NPs) offer an ample variety of smart functions than conventional materials in various aspects. As compared to larger particles, NPs possess unique characteristics and excellent abilities, such as low toxicity, chemical stability, surface functionality, and biocompatibility. These advantageous properties allow them to be widely utilized in many applications, including biomedical applications, energy applications, IT applications, and industrial applications. In order to fulfill the increasing demands of NP applications, existing NP synthesis methods need to be improved based on the requirements of different applications to further their usage. A comprehensive understanding of the relationships between synthesis parameters and properties of NPs can help us better fine-tune them with designed properties and minimal toxicity. This review paper will discuss the commonly used synthesis methods of functionalized NPs, as well as future directions and challenges to develop various synthesis methods further.

新加坡国立大学A. Senthil Kumar等 | 功能化纳米粒子的合成方法

本综述论文聚焦功能化纳米粒子的合成方法。随着纳米技术的最新进展,纳米粒子在各个方面提供了比传统材料更丰富的智能功能。与较大的颗粒相比,纳米粒子具有独特的特性和优异的能力,如低毒性、化学稳定性、表面功能性和生物相容性。这些有利的特性使它们能够广泛应用于生物医学、能源、IT和工业等领域。为了满足日益增长的纳米粒子的应用需求,现有的纳米粒子合成方法需要根据不同的应用需求进行改进,以进一步发挥其用途。全面了解合成参数与纳米粒子性质之间的关系可以帮助我们更好地对它们进行微调,使其具有设计的特性和最小的毒性。本综述讨论功能化纳米粒子的常用合成方法,以及进一步开发各种合成方法的未来方向和挑战。

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