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Yuan Sun


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Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2017 Vol.18 No.10 P.1458-1478


A survey on run-time supporting platforms for cyber physical systems

Author(s):  Yuan Sun, Gang Yang, Xing-she Zhou

Affiliation(s):  School of Computer Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xian 710072, China

Corresponding email(s):   sunyuan@mail.nwpu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Cyber physical system (CPS), Run-time supporting platforms, Component, Service, Agent

Yuan Sun, Gang Yang, Xing-she Zhou. A survey on run-time supporting platforms for cyber physical systems[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2017, 18(10): 1458-1478.

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author="Yuan Sun, Gang Yang, Xing-she Zhou",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%A Xing-she Zhou
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A1 - Yuan Sun
A1 - Gang Yang
A1 - Xing-she Zhou
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 18
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SP - 1458
EP - 1478
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 2017
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.1601579

Cyber physical systems (CPSs) incorporate computation, communication, and physical processes. The deep coupling and continuous interaction between such processes lead to a significant increase in complexity in the design and implementation of CPSs. Consequently, whereas developing CPSs from scratch is inefficient, developing them with the aid of CPS run-time supporting platforms can be efficient. In recent years, much research has been actively conducted on CPS run-time supporting platforms. However, few surveys have been conducted on these platforms. In this paper, we analyze and evaluate existing CPS run-time supporting platforms by first classifying them into three categories from the viewpoint of software architecture: component-based platforms, service-based platforms, and agent-based platforms. Then, for each type, we detail its design philosophy, key technical problems, and corresponding solutions with specific use cases. Subsequently, we compare existing platforms from two aspects: construction approaches for CPS tasks and support for non-functional properties. Finally, we outline several important future research issues.


概要:信息物理融合系统(cyber physical systems, CPSs)的计算、通信与物理过程紧密耦合且持续交互的独有特性使CPS设计与实现的复杂程度明显增加。基于CPS运行支撑平台构造CPS应用任务是应对这一挑战的一种有效手段。为了更好地深化相关研究,论文分析和评价了现有CPS运行支撑平台。首先从体系结构角度给出了一种CPS运行支撑平台的分类方法;同时结合具体实例深入论述了每一类CPS运行支撑平台的设计思想、关键技术问题及其解决方法;在此基础上,从CPS应用任务构造、非功能属性支持等方面比较了现有CPS运行支撑平台;最后指出了在后续研究中需要进一步关注的关键问题。


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