Full Text:   <850>

Summary:  <942>

CLC number: O437

On-line Access: 2021-03-08

Received: 2020-07-29

Revision Accepted: 2020-09-29

Crosschecked: 2020-12-18

Cited: 0

Clicked: 1834

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Wenfei Zhang


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2021 Vol.22 No.3 P.325-333


Traditional soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with InSe as saturable absorber

Author(s):  Xiaojuan Liu, Guomei Wang, Mingxiao Zhu, Kezhen Han, Wenfei Zhang, Huanian Zhang

Affiliation(s):  School of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   zhangwenfei@sdut.edu.cn, huanian_zhang@163.com

Key Words:  Fiber laser, Nanosheets, Traditional soliton

Xiaojuan Liu, Guomei Wang, Mingxiao Zhu, Kezhen Han, Wenfei Zhang, Huanian Zhang. Traditional soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with InSe as saturable absorber[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2021, 22(3): 325-333.

@article{title="Traditional soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with InSe as saturable absorber",
author="Xiaojuan Liu, Guomei Wang, Mingxiao Zhu, Kezhen Han, Wenfei Zhang, Huanian Zhang",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Traditional soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with InSe as saturable absorber
%A Xiaojuan Liu
%A Guomei Wang
%A Mingxiao Zhu
%A Kezhen Han
%A Wenfei Zhang
%A Huanian Zhang
%J Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
%V 22
%N 3
%P 325-333
%@ 2095-9184
%D 2021
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.2000387

T1 - Traditional soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with InSe as saturable absorber
A1 - Xiaojuan Liu
A1 - Guomei Wang
A1 - Mingxiao Zhu
A1 - Kezhen Han
A1 - Wenfei Zhang
A1 - Huanian Zhang
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 22
IS - 3
SP - 325
EP - 333
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 2021
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.2000387

Indium selenide (InSe) is a typical layered metal-chalcogenide semiconductor that has potential for developing ultrafast optoelectronic devices. In this work, InSe-polyvinyl alcohol (InSe-PVA) film is employed as saturable absorber and prepared by mixing InSe nanosheets solution and polyvinyl alcohol solution. The nonlinear absorption properties of the InSe saturable absorber (InSe-SA) are investigated, showing that the nonsaturable absorption and modulation depth are 37.5% and 9.55%, respectively. traditional soliton lasers are generated in erbium-doped fiber (EDF) laser-employed InSe as a mode-locker. The central wavelength and pulse duration of the traditional soliton pulse are 1568.73 nm and 2.06 ps, respectively, under a repetition rate of 1.731 MHz. The maximum average output power is 16.4 mW at the pump power of 413 mW. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of a traditional soliton pulse with InSe as a mode-locker. The experimental results further demonstrate that InSe is an outstanding nonlinear absorption material in ultrafast fiber laser.


摘要:InSe是一种典型层状金属硫化物半导体,在超快光子学器件开发方面具有巨大应用潜力。本文通过混合InSe纳米片和PVA形成InSe-PVA薄膜制备可饱和吸收体。InSe可饱和吸收体表现出明显的非线性吸收特性,非饱和吸收和调制深度分别为37.5%和9.55%。以InSe为锁模器件,在掺铒光纤激光器中产生了传统孤子。中心波长、传统孤子脉宽和脉冲频率分别为1568.73 nm、2.06 ps和1.731 MHz。在泵功率为413 mW时,最大平均输出功率为16.4 mW。这是首次以InSe为锁模器件产生的传统孤子激光。实验进一步证明InSe是一种可应用于超光纤激光的优秀非线性吸收材料。


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Ahmad H, Reduan SA, Ooi SI, et al., 2018a. Mechanically exfoliated In2Se3 as a saturable absorber for mode-locking a thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser operating in S-band. Appl Opt, 57(24):6937-6942.

[2]Ahmad H, Zulkifli AZ, Yasin M, et al., 2018b. In2Se3 saturable absorber for generating tunable Q-switched outputs from a bismuth-erbium doped fiber laser. Laser Phys Lett, 15(11):115105.

[3]Bao QL, Zhang H, Wang Y, et al., 2009. Atomic-layer graphene as a saturable absorber for ultrafast pulsed lasers. Adv Funct Mater, 19(19):3077-3083.

[4]Chen JM, Fan TJ, Xie ZJ, et al., 2020. Advances in nanomaterials for photodynamic therapy applications: status and challenges. Biomaterials, 237:119827.

[5]Chen Y, Jiang GB, Chen SQ, et al., 2015. Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and mode-locking laser operation. Opt Expr, 23(10):12823-12833.

[6]Feng W, Zheng W, Gao F, et al., 2016. Sensitive electronic-skin strain sensor array based on the patterned two-dimensional α-In2Se3. Chem Mater, 28(12):4278-4283.

[7]Fu SS, Li JJ, Zhang SS, et al., 2019. Large-energy mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on indium selenide as a modulator. Opt Mater Expr, 9(6):2662-2671.

[8]Ge YQ, Huang WC, Yang FM, et al., 2019. Beta-lead oxide quantum dot (β-PbO QD)/polystyrene (PS) composite films and their applications in ultrafast photonics. Nanoscale, 11(14):6828-6837.

[9]Goda K, Jalali B, 2013. Dispersive Fourier transformation for fast continuous single-shot measurements. Nat Photon, 7(2):102-112.

[10]Guo B, Wang SH, Wu ZX, et al., 2018. Sub-200 fs soliton mode-locked fiber laser based on bismuthene saturable absorber. Opt Expr, 26(18):22750-22760.

[11]Guo B, Xiao QL, Wang SH, et al., 2019. 2D layered materials: synthesis, nonlinear optical properties, and device applications. Laser Photon Rev, 13(12):1800327.

[12]Guo J, Zhao JL, Huang DZ, et al., 2019. Two-dimensional tellurium-polymer membrane for ultrafast photonics. Nanoscale, 11(13):6235-6242.

[13]Guo QX, Pan J, Liu YJ, et al., 2019. Output energy enhancement in a mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser using CVD-Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber. Opt Expr, 27(17):24670-24681.

[14]Guo SY, Zhang YP, Ge YQ, et al., 2019. 2D V-V binary materials: status and challenges. Adv Mater, 31(39):1902352.

[15]Hu QY, Zhang XY, Li ZJ, et al., 2019. High-order harmonic mode-locked Yb-doped fiber laser based on a SnSe2 saturable absorber. Opt Laser Technol, 119:105639.

[16]Huang D, Swanson EA, Lin CP, et al., 1991. Optical coherence tomography. Science, 254(5035):1178-1181.

[17]Huang WC, Jiang XT, Wang YZ, et al., 2018. Two-dimensional beta-lead oxide quantum dots. Nanoscale, 10(44):20540-20547.

[18]Huang WC, Zhang Y, You Q, et al., 2019. Enhanced photodetection properties of tellurium@selenium roll-to-roll nanotube heterojunctions. Small, 15(23):1900902.

[19]Jhon YI, Koo J, Anasori B, et al., 2017. Metallic MXene saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked lasers. Adv Mater, 29(40):1702496.

[20]Jiang XT, Liu SX, Liang WY, et al., 2018. Broadband nonlinear photonics in few-layer MXene Ti3C2Tx (T=F, O, or OH). Laser Photon Rev, 12(2):1700229.

[21]Lei SD, Ge LH, Najmaei S, et al., 2014. Evolution of the electronic band structure and efficient photo-detection in atomic layers of InSe. ACS Nano, 8(2):1263-1272.

[22]Li D, Jussila H, Karvonen L, et al., 2015. Polarization and thickness dependent absorption properties of black phosphorus: new saturable absorber for ultrafast pulse generation. Sci Rep, 5(1):15899.

[23]Li L, Pang LH, Zhao QY, et al., 2020. Niobium disulfide as a new saturable absorber for an ultrafast fiber laser. Nanoscale, 12(7):4537-4543.

[24]Liu GW, Zhang F, Wu TG, et al., 2019. Single-and dual-wavelength passively mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on antimonene saturable absorber. IEEE Photon J, 11(3):1503011.

[25]Liu GW, Lyu Y, Li ZW, et al., 2020. Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on silicon nanosheets as saturable absorber. Optik, 202:163692.

[26]Liu H, Zheng XW, Liu M, et al., 2014. Femtosecond pulse generation from a topological insulator mode-locked fiber laser. Opt Expr, 22(6):6868-6873.

[27]Liu JS, Li XH, Guo YX, et al., 2019. Harmonic mode-locking: SnSe2 nanosheets for subpicosecond harmonic mode-locked pulse generation. Small, 15(38):1970206.

[28]Liu WJ, Pang LH, Han HN, et al., 2017. Tungsten disulphide for ultrashort pulse generation in all-fiber lasers. Nanoscale, 9(18):5806-5811.

[29]Lu L, Liang ZM, Wu LM, et al., 2018. Few-layer bismuthene: sonochemical exfoliation, nonlinear optics and applications for ultrafast photonics with enhanced stability. Laser Photon Rev, 12(1):1700221.

[30]Luo ZC, Liu M, Guo ZN, et al., 2015. Microfiber-based few-layer black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultra-fast fiber laser. Opt Expr, 23(15):20030-20039.

[31]Ma PF, Li JS, Zhang HN, et al., 2020. Preparation of high-damage threshold WS2 modulator and its application for generating high-power large-energy bright-dark solitons. Infrar Phys Technol, 105:103257.

[32]Mao D, Li MK, Cui XQ, et al., 2018. Stable high-power saturable absorber based on polymer-black-phosphorus films. Opt Commun, 406:254-259.

[33]Mudd GW, Svatek SA, Ren TH, et al., 2013. Tuning the bandgap of exfoliated InSe nanosheets by quantum confinement. Adv Mater, 25(40):5714-5718.

[34]Niu KD, Chen QY, Sun RY, et al., 2017. Passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 saturable absorber. Opt Mater Expr, 7(11):3934-3943.

[35]Niu KD, Sun RY, Chen QY, et al., 2018. Passively mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on SnS2 nanosheets as a saturable absorber. Photon Res, 6(2):72-76.

[36]Quereda J, Biele R, Rubio-Bollinger G, et al., 2016. Strong quantum confinement effect in the optical properties of ultrathin α-In2Se3. Adv Opt Mater, 4(12):1939-1943.

[37]Song YF, Chen S, Zhang Q, et al., 2016. Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber. Opt Expr, 24(23):25933-25942.

[38]Song YF, Liang ZM, Jiang XT, et al., 2017. Few-layer antimonene decorated microfiber: ultra-short pulse generation and all-optical thresholding with enhanced long term stability. 2D Mater, 4(4):045010.

[39]Sotor J, Sobon G, Abramski KM, 2014a. Sub-130 fs mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser based on topological insulator. Opt Expr, 22(11):13244-13249.

[40]Sotor J, Sobon G, Macherzynski W, et al., 2014b. Black phosphorus saturable absorber for ultrashort pulse generation. Appl Phys Lett, 107(5):051108.

[41]Sun XL, Zhang BT, Yan BZ, et al., 2018. Few-layer Ti3C2Tx (T=O, OH, or F) saturable absorber for a femtosecond bulk laser. Opt Lett, 43(16):3862-3865.

[42]Wang C, Wang L, Li XH, et al., 2019. Few-layer bismuthene for femtosecond soliton molecules generation in Er-doped fiber laser. Nanotechnology, 30(2):025204.

[43]Wang C, Xu JW, Wang YZ, et al., 2020. MXene (Ti2NTx): synthesis, characteristics and application as a thermo-optical switcher for all-optical wavelength tuning laser. Sci China Mater, in press.

[44]Wang GM, Chen GW, Li WL, et al., 2019. Indium selenide as a saturable absorber for a wavelength-switchable vector-soliton fiber laser. Opt Mater Expr, 9(2):449-456.

[45]Wang GM, Zhang WF, Xing F, et al., 2020. Tin monoselenide based saturable absorbers for the generation of ultrashort pulses. Infrar Phys Technol, 108:103349.

[46]Wang MX, Zhang F, Wang ZP, et al., 2019. Liquid-phase exfoliated silicon nanosheets: saturable absorber for solid-state lasers. Materials, 12(2):201.

[47]Wu LM, Xie ZJ, Lu L, et al., 2018. Few-layer tin sulfide: a promising black-phosphorus-analogue 2D material with exceptionally large nonlinear optical response, high stability, and applications in all-optical switching and wavelength conversion. Adv Opt Mater, 6(2):1700985.

[48]Wu Q, Jin X, Chen S, et al., 2019. MXene-based saturable absorber for femtosecond mode-locked fiber lasers. Opt Expr, 27(7):10159-10170.

[49]Xie ZJ, Zhang F, Liang ZM, et al., 2019. Revealing of the ultrafast third-order nonlinear optical response and enabled photonic application in two-dimensional tin sulfide. Photon Res, 7(5):494-502.

[50]Xie ZJ, Fan TJ, An JS, et al., 2020. Emerging combination strategies with phototherapy in cancer nanomedicine. Chem Soc Rev, in press.

[51]Xing CY, Xie ZJ, Liang ZM, et al., 2017. 2D nonlayered selenium nanosheets: facile synthesis, photoluminescence, and ultrafast photonics. Adv Opt Mater, 5(24):1700884.

[52]Xu NN, Yang WQ, Zhang HN, 2018. Nonlinear saturable absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating a Yb-doped mode-locked fiber laser. Opt Mater Expr, 8(10):3092-3103.

[53]Xu NN, Ming N, Han XL, et al., 2019. Large-energy passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on CVD-Bi2Se3 as saturable absorber. Opt Mater Expr, 9(2):373-383.

[54]Xu NN, Ma PF, Fu SS, et al., 2020. Tellurene-based saturable absorber to demonstrate large-energy dissipative soliton and noise-like pulse generations. Nanophotonics, 9(9):2783-2795.

[55]Xu YH, Jiang XF, Ge YQ, et al., 2017. Size-dependent nonlinear optical properties of black phosphorus nanosheets and their applications in ultrafast photonics. J Mater Chem C, 5(12):3007-3013.

[56]Yan PG, Jiang ZK, Chen H, et al., 2018. α-In2Se3 wideband optical modulator for pulsed fiber lasers. Opt Lett, 43(18):4417-4420.

[57]Yang WQ, Xu NN, Zhang HN, 2018. Nonlinear absorption properties of indium selenide and its application for demonstrating pulsed Er-doped fiber laser. Laser Phys Lett, 15(10):105101.

[58]Zhang H, Bao QL, Tang DY, et al., 2009. Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker. Appl Phys Lett, 95(14):141103.

[59]Zhang HN, Ma PF, Zhu MX, et al., 2020. Palladium selenide as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics. Nanophotonics, 9(8):2557-2567.

[60]Zhang WF, Wang GM, Xing F, et al., 2020. Passively Q-switched and mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers based on tellurene nanosheets as saturable absorber. Opt Expr, 28(10):14729-14739.

[61]Zhao Y, Guo PL, Li XH, et al., 2019. Ultrafast photonics application of graphdiyne in the optical communication region. Carbon, 149:336-341.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE