Full Text:   <1901>

Summary:  <72>

CLC number: 

On-line Access: 2022-03-22

Received: 2020-10-14

Revision Accepted: 2021-05-26

Crosschecked: 0000-00-00

Cited: 0

Clicked: 2876

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

 ORCID:

Na KOU

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8410-4485

Shixing YU

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4335-7520

-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2022 Vol.23 No.3 P.502-510

http://doi.org/10.1631/FITEE.2000547


Monopulse transmitarray antenna fed by aperture-coupled microstrip structure


Author(s):  Na KOU, Shixing YU, Zhao DING, Zhengping ZHANG

Affiliation(s):  College of Big Data and Information Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang550025, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   nkou@gzu.edu.cn, sxyu1@gzu.edu.cn, zding@gzu.edu.cn, zpzhang@gzu.edu.cn

Key Words: 


Share this article to: More <<< Previous Article|

Na KOU, Shixing YU, Zhao DING, Zhengping ZHANG. Monopulse transmitarray antenna fed by aperture-coupled microstrip structure[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2022, 23(3): 502-510.

@article{title="Monopulse transmitarray antenna fed by aperture-coupled microstrip structure",
author="Na KOU, Shixing YU, Zhao DING, Zhengping ZHANG",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
volume="23",
number="3",
pages="502-510",
year="2022",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",
doi="10.1631/FITEE.2000547"
}

%0 Journal Article
%T Monopulse transmitarray antenna fed by aperture-coupled microstrip structure
%A Na KOU
%A Shixing YU
%A Zhao DING
%A Zhengping ZHANG
%J Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
%V 23
%N 3
%P 502-510
%@ 2095-9184
%D 2022
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.2000547

TY - JOUR
T1 - Monopulse transmitarray antenna fed by aperture-coupled microstrip structure
A1 - Na KOU
A1 - Shixing YU
A1 - Zhao DING
A1 - Zhengping ZHANG
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 23
IS - 3
SP - 502
EP - 510
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 2022
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.2000547


Abstract: 
Monopulse technique, also known as the simultaneous beam comparison method, is used mainly to measure the direction of arrival (DOA) (Sherman and Barton, 2011). Before the advent of monopulse technology, the method most widely used in radar direction finding was the lobe-switching technique (sequential lobing) (Lo, 1999). Compared with the sequential lobing method, the monopulse antenna can obtain information such as the pitch angle, azimuth angle, and distance of the target in a single pulse period (Vazquez-Roy et al., 2019). Due to the need for higher accuracy of angle measurement, the monopulse technique has been widely applied in SOTM missile guidance (Roy et al., 2019). When a monopulse system is working, multiple independent channels are adopted to receive signals reflected by targets at the same time. Then signals enter the comparator and finally the distance and angle information of targets can be obtained. There are three main types of monopulse antennas: lenses, reflectors, and arrays. A dielectric lens is generally a convex lens (Raman et al., 1998), which is difficult to manufacture due to its curved shape, high volume, and large mass. For common reflectors such as dish antennas, the feed and supporting structure are in front of the aperture, so a shielding effect will result in energy loss, sidelobe increase, and angle measurement error (Kou and Cheng, 2019). A more effective reflector is the Cassegrain antenna, which is more compact with dual reflectors (Zheng et al., 2016, 2017). However, the Cassegrain antenna has the problem of shielding effect caused by a secondary reflector and support rods. With growing demand for low cost and lightweight monopulse antennas in modern radar and telecommunications systems, array antennas are increasingly applied in monopulse antennas due to their characteristics of high gain and easy control of the beam direction. A typical example is the waveguide slot array, which has the advantages of low loss, low sidelobe level, and no aperture shielding problem (Vosoogh et al., 2018). The microstrip has attracted much attention in monopulse antennas because of its advantages of low profile, simple structure, and low cost (Yu et al., 2009; Kumar and Kumar, 2018). However, monopulse microstrip array antennas usually have a complex feed network, which often makes them large and expensive. In addition, substrate integrated waveguides (SIWs) (Cao et al., 2017; Zhu et al., 2018; Liu et al., 2019; Yang et al., 2019) and leaky wave antennas (LWAs) (Poveda-García et al., 2019) have been applied in monopulse antennas, with good results. Recently, reflectarrays have been proposed for use in monopulse antennas, and have shown good performance (Zhao et al., 2017, 2018). As an alternative to reflectarrays, transmitarrays not only have the advantages of reflectarrays, but also have no shielding effect from the feeds. Di Palma et al. (2016) proposed a 400-element reconfigurable transmitarray antenna to synthesize monopulse radiation patterns. However, the sum and difference patterns generated by the reconfigurable transmitarray antenna, which is controlled electronically by switches instead of by a SUM-DIFF comparator, are in time division.

基于孔径耦合微带结构馈电的单脉冲透射阵天线

寇娜1,2,3,余世星1,2,3,丁召1,2,3,张正平1,2,3
1贵州大学大数据与信息工程学院,中国贵阳市,550025
2贵州省微纳电子与软件技术重点实验室,中国贵阳市,550025
3半导体功率器件可靠性教育部工程研究中心,中国贵阳市,550025
摘要:设计、加工、并测试了一款X波段单脉冲透射阵天线,该天线由平面透射阵和馈源天线组成,其中馈源天线集成了基于孔径耦合的微带结构以及和差网络。仿真和测试结果表明,所提单脉冲天线具有21.5 dBi主波束增益,副瓣电平值在−13.4 dB以下,交叉极化电平值小于−20 dB。此外,和波束与差波束在E面和H面的增益比值分别为5.6 dB和4 dB。该天线具有重量轻、成本低等优点,有望用于低成本动中通系统。

关键词:孔径耦合;单脉冲天线;微带;透射阵列

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

Reference

[1]AbdelrahmanAH, YangF, ElsherbeniAZ, et al., 2017. Analysis and design of transmitarray antennas. Synth Lect Antenn, 6(1):1-175.

[2]CaoFF, YangDQ, PanJ, et al., 2017. A compact single-layer substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) monopulse slot antenna array. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 16:2755-2758.

[3]DidouhS, AbriM, BendimeradFT, 2012. Corporate-feed multilayer bow-tie antenna array design using a simple transmission line model. Modell Simul Eng, 2012:327901.

[4]di PalmaL, ClementeA, DussoptL, et al., 2016. Radiation pattern synthesis for monopulse radar applications with a reconfigurable transmitarray antenna. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 64(9):4148-4154.

[5]KouPF, ChengYJ, 2019. A dual circular-polarized extremely thin monopulse feeder at W-band for prime focus reflector antenna. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 18(2): 231-235.

[6]KumarH, KumarG, 2018. Broadband monopulse microstrip antenna array for X-band monopulse tracking. IET Microw Antenn Propag, 12(13):2109-2114.

[7]LiuY, YangH, JinZS, et al., 2019. Multi-beam monopulse substrate integrated waveguide slot array antenna. IET Microw Antenn Propag, 13(2):142-148.

[8]LoKW, 1999. Theoretical analysis of the sequential lobing technique. IEEE Trans Aerosp Electr Syst, 35(1):282-293.

[9]Poveda-GarcíaM, Cañete-RebenaqueD, Gómez-TorneroJL, 2019. Frequency-scanned monopulse pattern synthesis using leaky-wave antennas for enhanced power-based direction-of-arrival estimation. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 67(11):7071-7086.

[10]RamanS, BarkerNS, RebeizGM, 1998. A W-band dielectric-lens-based integrated monopulse radar receiver. IEEE Trans Microw Theory Techn, 46(12):2308-2316.

[11]RoySS, SahaC, NagasekharT, et al., 2019. Design of a compact multielement monopulse feed for ground-station satellite tracking applications. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 18(9):1721-1725.

[12]ShermanSM, BartonDK, 2011. Monopulse Principles and Techniques (2nd Ed.). Artech House, London, UK.

[13]Vazquez-RoyJL, Tamayo-DomínguezA, Rajo-IglesiasE, et al., 2019. Radial line slot antenna design with groove gap waveguide feed for monopulse radar systems. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 67(10):6317-6324.

[14]VosooghA, HaddadiA, ZamanAU, et al., 2018. W-band low-profile monopulse slot array antenna based on gap waveguide corporate-feed network. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 66(12):6997-7009.

[15]WangH, FangDG, ChenXG, 2006. A compact single layer monopulse microstrip antenna array. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 54(2):503-509.

[16]YangTM, ZhaoZQ, YangDQ, et al., 2019. A single-layer SIW slots array monopulse antenna excited by a dual-mode resonator. IEEE Access, 7:131282-131288.

[17]YuZW, WangGM, ZhangCX, 2009. A broadband planar monopulse antenna array of C-band. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 8:1325-1328.

[18]ZhaoJN, LiTM, CuiXH, et al., 2017. A low-mutual coupling dual-band dual-reflectarray antenna with the potentiality of arbitrary polarizations. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 16:3224-3227.

[19]ZhaoJN, LiH, YangXG, et al., 2018. A compact Ka-band monopulse cassegrain antenna based on reflectarray elements. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 17(2):193-196.

[20]ZhengP, ZhaoGQ, XuSH, et al., 2016. Design of a W-band full-polarization monopulse cassegrain antenna. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 16:99-103.

[21]ZhengP, HuB, XuSH, et al., 2017. A W-band high-aperture-efficiency multipolarized monopulse cassegrain antenna fed by phased microstrip patch quad. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 16:1609-1613.

[22]ZhuJF, LiaoSW, LiSF, et al., 2018. 60 GHz substrate-integrated waveguide-based monopulse slot antenna arrays. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 66(9):4860-4865.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion

<1>

Please provide your name, email address and a comment





Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2022 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE