Full Text:   <396>

Summary:  <65>

Suppl. Mater.: 

CLC number: TN973.3

On-line Access: 2024-01-26

Received: 2023-02-26

Revision Accepted: 2024-01-26

Crosschecked: 2023-06-08

Cited: 0

Clicked: 487

Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714


Yangming LOU


Liang JIN


-   Go to

Article info.
Open peer comments

Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering  2023 Vol.24 No.12 P.1739-1751


Joint radio frequency front-end and digital back-end antijamming scheme based on a metasurface antenna array

Author(s):  Yangming LOU, Liang JIN, Wenyu JIANG, Shuaifang XIAO

Affiliation(s):  PLA Strategic Support Force Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou 450000, China

Corresponding email(s):   louyangming1991@outlook.com, liangjin@263.net

Key Words:  Antijamming, Multiple-input multiple-output, Metasurface antenna array, Independent component analysis

Yangming LOU, Liang JIN, Wenyu JIANG, Shuaifang XIAO. Joint radio frequency front-end and digital back-end antijamming scheme based on a metasurface antenna array[J]. Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering, 2023, 24(12): 1739-1751.

@article{title="Joint radio frequency front-end and digital back-end antijamming scheme based on a metasurface antenna array",
author="Yangming LOU, Liang JIN, Wenyu JIANG, Shuaifang XIAO",
journal="Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T Joint radio frequency front-end and digital back-end antijamming scheme based on a metasurface antenna array
%A Yangming LOU
%A Liang JIN
%A Wenyu JIANG
%A Shuaifang XIAO
%J Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
%V 24
%N 12
%P 1739-1751
%@ 2095-9184
%D 2023
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/FITEE.2300113

T1 - Joint radio frequency front-end and digital back-end antijamming scheme based on a metasurface antenna array
A1 - Yangming LOU
A1 - Liang JIN
A1 - Wenyu JIANG
A1 - Shuaifang XIAO
J0 - Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering
VL - 24
IS - 12
SP - 1739
EP - 1751
%@ 2095-9184
Y1 - 2023
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/FITEE.2300113

An array’s degree of freedom (DoF) determines the number of jamming incidents that can be managed and the antijamming performance. Conventional arrays can improve the DoF only by increasing the number of antennas. On the other hand, when the received signal is digitized, high-power jamming will reduce the number of bits used to represent the desired signal, further increasing the difficulty of back-end antijamming based on digital signal processing. In this paper, we propose a joint radio frequency (RF) front-end and digital back-end antijamming scheme based on a metasurface antenna array. The metasurface antennas can rapidly switch patterns when receiving signals, so that a single channel can be equivalent to multiple channels and increase the DoF. We use independent component analysis to estimate the channel and then optimize the array parameters under the minimum signal-to-jamming ratio constraint of each antenna. The proposed scheme works well under high-power jamming conditions by suppressing jamming at the RF front end and using a low-precision analog-to-digital converter. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme reduces the bit error rate of the received signals by one order of magnitude compared with the conventional array.




Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


[1]Cai YF, Pelechrinis K, Wang X, et al., 2013. Joint reactive jammer detection and localization in an enterprise WiFi network. Comput Netw, 57(18):3799-3811.

[2]Chiao JC, Fu Y, Chio IM, et al., 1999. MEMS reconfigurable Vee antenna. Proc IEEE MTT-S Int Microwave Symp Digest, p.1515-1518.

[3]Ge MM, Cui GL, Yu XX, et al., 2018. Mainlobe jamming suppression via blind source separation. Proc IEEE Radar Conf, p.914-918.

[4]Ghahramani H, Parhizgar N, Abbasi Arand B, et al., 2021. Convolutive complex-valued independent component analysis for nonlinear radar signal processing and maritime weak target detection. Math Probl Eng, 2021:6191303.

[5]Grau A, Romeu J, Lee MJ, et al., 2010. A dual-linearly-polarized MEMS-reconfigurable antenna for narrowband MIMO communication systems. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 58(1):4-17.

[6]Grover K, Lim A, Yang Q, 2014. Jamming and anti-jamming techniques in wireless networks: a survey. Int J Ad Hoc Ubiq Comput, 17(4):197-215.

[7]Gvozdenovic S, Becker JK, Mikulskis J, et al., 2020. Truncate after preamble: PHY-based starvation attacks on IoT networks. 13th ACM Conf on Security and Privacy in Wireless and Mobile Networks, p.89-98.

[8]Harjula I, Pinola J, Prokkola J, 2011. Performance of IEEE 802.11 based WLAN devices under various jamming signals. MILCOM Military Communications Conf, p.2129-2135.

[9]Huang GM, Yang LX, Su GQ, 2003. Blind source separation used for radar anti-jamming. Proc Int Conf on Neural Networks and Signal Processing, p.1382-1385.

[10]Hyvärinen A, Oja E, 2000. Independent component analysis: algorithms and applications. Neur Netw, 13(4-5):411-430.

[11]Jeruchim M, 1984. Techniques for estimating the bit error rate in the simulation of digital communication systems. IEEE J Sel Areas Commun, 2(1):153-170.

[12]Jeung J, Jeong S, Lim J, 2011. Adaptive rapid channel-hopping scheme mitigating smart jammer attacks in secure WLAN. MILCOM Military Communications Conf, p.1231-1236.

[13]Li J, Zhang H, Fan ML, 2017. Digital self-interference cancellation based on independent component analysis for co-time co-frequency full-duplex communication systems. IEEE Access, 5:10222-10231.

[14]Liang JC, Cheng Q, Gao Y, et al., 2022. An angle-insensitive 3-bit reconfigurable intelligent surface. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 70(10):8798-8808.

[15]Navda V, Bohra A, Ganguly S, et al., 2007. Using channel hopping to increase 802.11 resilience to jamming attacks. 26th IEEE Int Conf on Computer Communications, p.2526-2530.

[16]Nikolaou S, Bairavasubramanian R, Lugo C, et al., 2006. Pattern and frequency reconfigurable annular slot antenna using PIN diodes. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 54(2):439-448.

[17]Nikolaou S, Kingsley ND, Ponchak GE, et al., 2009. UWB elliptical monopoles with a reconfigurable band notch using MEMS switches actuated without bias lines. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 57(8):2242-2251.

[18]Pinola J, Prokkola J, Piri E, 2012. An experimental study on jamming tolerance of 3G/WCDMA. IEEE Military Communications Conf, p.1-7.

[19]Pirayesh H, Zeng HC, 2022. Jamming attacks and anti-jamming strategies in wireless networks: a comprehensive survey. IEEE Commun Surv Tut, 24(2):767-809.

[20]Puntonet CG, Prieto A, 2004. Independent Component Analysis and Blind Signal Separation. Fifth Int Conf on Independent Component Analysis and Signal Separation, p.1-8.

[21]Sun YF, Chen FQ, Lu ZK, et al., 2022. Anti-jamming method and implementation for GNSS receiver based on array antenna rotation. Remote Sens, 14(19):4774.

[22]Tawk Y, Costantine J, Christodoulou CG, 2012. A varactor-based reconfigurable filtenna. IEEE Antenn Wirel Propag Lett, 11:716-719.

[23]White CR, Rebeiz GM, 2009. Single- and dual-polarized tunable slot-ring antennas. IEEE Trans Antenn Propag, 57(1):19-26.

[24]Wu QQ, Zhang SW, Zheng BX, et al., 2021. Intelligent reflecting surface-aided wireless communications: a tutorial. IEEE Trans Commun, 69(5):3313-3351.

[25]Yan QB, Zeng HC, Jiang TT, et al., 2014. MIMO-based jamming resilient communication in wireless networks. IEEE Conf on Computer Communications, p.2697-2706.

[26]Yan QB, Zeng HC, Jiang TT, et al., 2016. Jamming resilient communication using MIMO interference cancellation. IEEE Trans Inform Forens Sec, 11(7):1486-1499.

[27]Yang H, Zhang H, Zhang J, et al., 2018. Digital self-interference cancellation based on blind source separation and spectral efficiency analysis for the full-duplex communication systems. IEEE Access, 6:43946-43955.

[28]Yang H, Zhang H, Zhang J, et al., 2019. Blind source separation for satellite communication anti-jamming. Proc 10th Int Conf on Wireless and Satellite Systems, p.717-726.

[29]Zhang J, Zhang S, Ying ZN, et al., 2020. Radiation-pattern reconfigurable phased array with p-i-n diodes controlled for 5G mobile terminals. IEEE Trans Microw Theory Tech, 68(3):1103-1117.

[30]Zhou QY, Wu JW, Wang SR, et al., 2022. Two-dimensional direction-of-arrival estimation based on time-domain-coding digital metasurface. Appl Phys Lett, 121(18):181702.

Open peer comments: Debate/Discuss/Question/Opinion


Please provide your name, email address and a comment

Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE, 38 Zheda Road, Hangzhou 310027, China
Tel: +86-571-87952783; E-mail: cjzhang@zju.edu.cn
Copyright © 2000 - 2024 Journal of Zhejiang University-SCIENCE