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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2007 Vol.8 No.11 P.1816-1825


Environmental damage costs from fossil electricity generation in China, 2000~2003

Author(s):  ZHANG Qing-yu, WEI Yu-mei, CHEN Ying-xu, GUO Hui

Affiliation(s):  Department of Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China

Corresponding email(s):   qy_zhang@zju.edu.cn

Key Words:  Environmental damage costs, Fossil electricity generation, Emission inventory, Uncertainty analysis

ZHANG Qing-yu, WEI Yu-mei, CHEN Ying-xu, GUO Hui. Environmental damage costs from fossil electricity generation in China, 2000~2003[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2007, 8(11): 1816-1825.

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journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
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%T Environmental damage costs from fossil electricity generation in China, 2000~2003
%A ZHANG Qing-yu
%A WEI Yu-mei
%A CHEN Ying-xu
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%DOI 10.1631/jzus.2007.A1816

T1 - Environmental damage costs from fossil electricity generation in China, 2000~2003
A1 - ZHANG Qing-yu
A1 - WEI Yu-mei
A1 - CHEN Ying-xu
A1 - GUO Hui
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 8
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SP - 1816
EP - 1825
%@ 1673-565X
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.2007.A1816

Electricity consumption increases rapidly with the rapid development of China. The environmental damage costs of electricity generation are very important for both policy analysis and the proper management of the environment. A method was developed in this work to estimate gross environmental damage costs according to emission inventory and environmental cost factors, and to extend the costs from provincial to national level with population density. In this paper, sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter less than 10 μm in diameter (PM10), and carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fired power plants over 6000 kW were selected as index pollutants to quantify the environmental costs of damages on human health and global warming. With the new developed method, environmental damage costs, caused by 3 types of fired power plants in 30 provinces and 6 economic sectors during the years 2000 to 2003, were evaluated and analyzed. It can be seen that the calculated total national environmental damage costs of electricity have rapidly increased from 94930.87×106 USD in 2000 to about 141041.39×106 USD in 2003, with an average annual growth rate of 14.11%. environmental damage costs of SO2, NOx, PM10, and CO2 are 69475.69×106, 30079.29×106, 28931.84×106, and 12554.57×106 USD and account for 49.26%, 21.33%, 20.51%, and 8.90% of total environmental costs in fossil electricity generation, respectively. With regard to regional distribution, external costs caused by fossil electricity generation are mainly concentrated in the more populated and industrialized areas of China, i.e., the Eastern Central and Southeastern areas.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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