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CLC number: U469.72

On-line Access: 2013-08-01

Received: 2013-03-03

Revision Accepted: 2013-06-24

Crosschecked: 2013-07-28

Cited: 11

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Citations:  Bibtex RefMan EndNote GB/T7714

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2013 Vol.14 No.8 P.535-553


Energy management strategy for a parallel hybid electric vehicle equipped with a battery/ultra-capacitor hybid energy storage system*

Author(s):  Jun-yi Liang, Jian-long Zhang, Xi Zhang, Shi-fei Yuan, Cheng-liang Yin

Affiliation(s):  . National Engineering Laboratory for Automotive Electronic Control Technology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China

Corresponding email(s):   zjlong@sjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Energy management, Fuel economy, Parallel hybrid electric vehicle, Hybrid energy storage system (HESS), Fuzzy logic

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Jun-yi Liang, Jian-long Zhang, Xi Zhang, Shi-fei Yuan, Cheng-liang Yin. Energy management strategy for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle equipped with a battery/ultra-capacitor hybrid energy storage system[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2013, 14(8): 535-553.

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author="Jun-yi Liang, Jian-long Zhang, Xi Zhang, Shi-fei Yuan, Cheng-liang Yin",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science A",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

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%T Energy management strategy for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle equipped with a battery/ultra-capacitor hybrid energy storage system
%A Jun-yi Liang
%A Jian-long Zhang
%A Xi Zhang
%A Shi-fei Yuan
%A Cheng-liang Yin
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A
%V 14
%N 8
%P 535-553
%@ 1673-565X
%D 2013
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.A1300068

T1 - Energy management strategy for a parallel hybrid electric vehicle equipped with a battery/ultra-capacitor hybrid energy storage system
A1 - Jun-yi Liang
A1 - Jian-long Zhang
A1 - Xi Zhang
A1 - Shi-fei Yuan
A1 - Cheng-liang Yin
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
VL - 14
IS - 8
SP - 535
EP - 553
%@ 1673-565X
Y1 - 2013
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A1300068

To solve the low power density issue of hybrid electric vehicular batteries, a combination of batteries and ultra-capacitors (UCs) could be a solution. The high power density feature of UCs can improve the performance of battery/UC hybrid energy storage systems (HESSs). This paper presents a parallel hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) equipped with an internal combustion engine and an HESS. An advanced energy management strategy (EMS), mainly based on fuzzy logic, is proposed to improve the fuel economy of the HEV and the endurance of the HESS. The EMS is capable of determining the ideal distribution of output power among the internal combustion engine, battery, and UC according to the propelling power or regenerative braking power of the vehicle. To validate the effectiveness of the EMS, numerical simulation and experimental validations are carried out. The results indicate that EMS can effectively control the power sources to work within their respective efficient areas. The battery load can be mitigated and prolonged battery life can be expected. The electrical energy consumption in the HESS is reduced by 3.91% compared with that in the battery only system. Fuel consumption of the HEV is reduced by 24.3% compared with that of the same class conventional vehicles under Economic Commission of Europe driving cycle.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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