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On-line Access: 2023-01-20

Received: 2022-03-28

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Crosschecked: 2023-02-01

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Jianwei GUO


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE A 2023 Vol.24 No.1 P.20-36


Modelling and applications of dissolution of rocks in geoengineering

Author(s):  Farid LAOUAFA, Jianwei GUO, Michel QUINTARD

Affiliation(s):  National Institute for Industrial Environment and Risks (INERIS), Verneuil en Halatte, 60550, France; more

Corresponding email(s):   farid.laouafa@ineris.fr, jianweiguo@swjtu.edu.cn

Key Words:  Dissolution, Modelling, Scaling, Evaporite, Deformation, Plasticity

Farid LAOUAFA, Jianwei GUO, Michel QUINTARD. Modelling and applications of dissolution of rocks in geoengineering[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science A, 2023, 24(1): 20-36.

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T1 - Modelling and applications of dissolution of rocks in geoengineering
A1 - Farid LAOUAFA
A1 - Jianwei GUO
A1 - Michel QUINTARD
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science A
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.A2200169

The subsoil contains many evaporites such as limestone, gypsum, and salt. Such rocks are very sensitive to water. The deposit of evaporites raises questions because of their dissolution with time and the mechanical-geotechnical impact on the neighboring zone. Depending on the configuration of the site and the location of the rocks, the dissolution can lead to surface subsidence and, for instance, the formation of sinkholes and landslides. In this study, we present an approach that describes the dissolution process and its coupling with geotechnical engineering. In the first part we set the physico-mathematical framework, the hypothesis, and the limitations in which the dissolution process is stated. The physical interface between the fluid and the rock (porous) is represented by a diffuse interface of finite thickness. We briefly describe, in the framework of porous media, the steps needed to upscale the microscopic-scale (pore-scale) model to the macroscopic scale (Darcy scale). Although the constructed method has a large range of application, we will restrict it to saline and gypsum rocks. The second part is mainly devoted to the geotechnical consequences of the dissolution of gypsum material. We then analyze the effect of dissolution in the vicinity of a soil dam or slope and the partial dissolution of a gypsum pillar by a thin layer of water. These theoretical examples show the relevance and the potential of the approach in the general framework of geoengineering problems.


作者:Farid LAOUAFA1,郭建威2,Michel QUINTARD3,4


Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article


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