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CLC number: B845

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Received: 2008-12-07

Revision Accepted: 2009-04-24

Crosschecked: 2009-04-30

Cited: 4

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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2009 Vol.10 No.7 P.536-546

http://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.B0820384


Gender difference in the effect of daytime sleep on declarative memory for pictures


Author(s):  Bo WANG, Xiao-lan FU

Affiliation(s):  State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; more

Corresponding email(s):   fuxl@psych.ac.cn

Key Words:  Gender difference, Declarative memory, Recollection, Familiarity, Daytime sleep


Bo WANG, Xiao-lan FU. Gender difference in the effect of daytime sleep on declarative memory for pictures[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2009, 10(7): 536-546.

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author="Bo WANG, Xiao-lan FU",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
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doi="10.1631/jzus.B0820384"
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%T Gender difference in the effect of daytime sleep on declarative memory for pictures
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%A Xiao-lan FU
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%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B0820384

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T1 - Gender difference in the effect of daytime sleep on declarative memory for pictures
A1 - Bo WANG
A1 - Xiao-lan FU
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
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IS - 7
SP - 536
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PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
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DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B0820384


Abstract: 
Objective: To investigate gender difference in the effects of daytime sleep on item and source memories, which are dissociable elements of declarative memory, and the effects of sleep on recollection and familiarity, which are two processes underlying recognition. Methods: Participants saw a series of pictures with either blue or red background, and were then given a pretest for item and source memories. Then males and females respectively were randomly assigned either to a wake or a sleep condition. In the wake condition, participants remained awake until the posttest; in the sleep condition, participants slept for 1 h until awakened and asked to remain awake until the posttest. Results: daytime sleep contributed to retention of source memory rather than item memory in females, whereas males undergoing daytime sleep had a trend towards increased familiarity. For females, however, neither recollection nor familiarity appeared to be influenced by daytime sleep. Conclusion: The mechanism underlying gender difference may be linked with different memory traces resulting from different encoding strategies, as well as with different electrophysiological changes during daytime sleep.

Darkslateblue:Affiliate; Royal Blue:Author; Turquoise:Article

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