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Received: 2015-03-17

Revision Accepted: 2015-09-14

Crosschecked: 2015-12-10

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Hussam A. S. Murad


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Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B 2016 Vol.17 No.1 P.43-53


L-Carnitine, but not coenzyme Q10, enhances the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin in ovariectomized rats

Author(s):  Hussam A. S. Murad

Affiliation(s):  1Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Rabigh, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia; more

Corresponding email(s):   muradha2000@yahoo.com, hamurad@kau.edu.sa

Key Words:  Atorvastatin, Coenzyme Q10, L-Carnitine, Ovariectomized

Hussam A. S. Murad. L-Carnitine, but not coenzyme Q10, enhances the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin in ovariectomized rats[J]. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 2016, 17(1): 43-53.

@article{title="L-Carnitine, but not coenzyme Q10, enhances the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin in ovariectomized rats",
author="Hussam A. S. Murad",
journal="Journal of Zhejiang University Science B",
publisher="Zhejiang University Press & Springer",

%0 Journal Article
%T L-Carnitine, but not coenzyme Q10, enhances the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin in ovariectomized rats
%A Hussam A. S. Murad
%J Journal of Zhejiang University SCIENCE B
%V 17
%N 1
%P 43-53
%@ 1673-1581
%D 2016
%I Zhejiang University Press & Springer
%DOI 10.1631/jzus.B1500065

T1 - L-Carnitine, but not coenzyme Q10, enhances the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin in ovariectomized rats
A1 - Hussam A. S. Murad
J0 - Journal of Zhejiang University Science B
VL - 17
IS - 1
SP - 43
EP - 53
%@ 1673-1581
Y1 - 2016
PB - Zhejiang University Press & Springer
ER -
DOI - 10.1631/jzus.B1500065

Objective: Statins’ therapy in osteoporosis can aggravate muscle damage. This study was designed to assess which agent, L-Carnitine or coenzyme Q10, could enhance the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin while antagonizing myopathy in ovariectomized rats. Methods: Forty-eight female Sprague Dawley rats were used; forty rats were ovariectomized while eight were sham-operated. Eight weeks post-ovariectomy, rats were divided into ovariectomized-untreated group and four ovariectomized-treated groups (n=8) which received by gavage (mg/(kg∙d), for 8 weeks) 17β-estradiol (0.1), atorvastatin (50), atorvastatin (50)+L-Carnitine (100), or atorvastatin (50)+coenzyme Q10 (20). At the end of therapy, bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC), and serum levels of bone metabolic markers (BMMs) and creatine kinase (CK) were measured. Femurs were used for studying the breaking strength and histopathological changes. Results: Treatment with atorvastatin+L-Carnitine restored BMD, BMC, and bone strength to near normal levels. Estrogen therapy restored BMD and BMC to near normal levels, but failed to increase bone strength. Although atorvastatin and atorvastatin+coenzyme Q10 improved BMD, BMC, and bone strength, they failed to restore levels to normal. All treatments decreased BMMs and improved histopathological changes maximally with atorvastatin+L-Carnitine which restored levels to near normal. atorvastatin aggravated the ovariectomy-induced increase in CK level while estrogen, atorvastatin+L-Carnitine, and atorvastatin+coenzyme Q10 decreased its level mainly with atorvastatin+L-Carnitine which restored the level to near normal. Conclusions: Co-administration of L-Carnitine, but not coenzyme Q10, enhances the anti-osteoporotic effect of atorvastatin while antagonizing myopathy in ovariectomized rats. This could be valuable in treatment of osteoporotic patients. However, further confirmatory studies are needed.




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